Julian Fontana

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Julian (or Jules) Fontana (31 July 1810 – 23 December 1869) was a Polish pianist, composer, lawyer, author, translator, and entrepreneur, best remembered as a close friend and musical executor of Frédéric Chopin.

Life[edit]

Born in Warsaw to a family of Italian origin,[1] Fontana studied law at the University of Warsaw and music under Józef Elsner at the conservatory, where he met Chopin. Fontana left Warsaw in 1831, after the November Uprising and settled in Hamburg, before becoming a pianist and teacher in Paris in 1832.[2]

In 1835 in London he participated in a concert with music played by 6 pianists, the others including Ignaz Moscheles, Johann Baptist Cramer and Charles-Valentin Alkan.[3]

In 1840, Chopin dedicated his 2 Polonaises, Op. 40, to Fontana. These included the "Military Polonaise" in A major.

He took up a wandering life that included:

In New York, on 9 September 1850,[3] Fontana married Camilla Dalcour Tennant (1818–1855), widow of Stephen Cattley Tennant (1800–1848), a merchant, and mother of Enriqueta Augustina Tennant (1843–1908) and four other children.[4] Their son Julian Camillo Adam Fontana was born in Paris on 10 July 1853.[3] Camilla died on 30 March 1855 of pneumonia, while pregnant with her 7th child.[3] Fontana took her children from her first marriage to be looked after by her first husband's family in England. He then returned to New York, where he was naturalised an American citizen on 7 September the same year.[3]

Also in 1855 he published a collection of Chopin's unpublished manuscripts, under the opus numbers 66–73. He then travelled to Cuba in an unsuccessful bid to recover his late wife's estate. He spent some years travelling between Havana, New York, Paris and Poland. In 1859 he published 16 of Chopin's Polish Songs, as Op. 74 (a later edition increased this to 17 songs).

In 1860 Louis Moreau Gottschalk dedicated two compositions to Fontana, La Gitanella and Illusions perdues.

In the 1860s Fontana translated Cervantes' Don Quixote into Polish. In 1869 he published a book of folk astronomy.

He succumbed to deafness and poverty, and committed suicide by inhaling carbon monoxide[1] in Paris.[2] He was buried in Montmartre Cemetery. He had arranged, prior to his death, to have his son looked after by his wife's family in England.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Paderewski Music Society
  2. ^ a b c d e Dziębowska (2007)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Julian Fontana: In the Shadow of Chopin
  4. ^ Farnie (2006)

Sources[edit]

  • Dziębowska, E. (2007) "Fontana, Julian, Grove Music Online, access date 19 August 2007 (subscription required)
  • Ekier, J. (2000). Chopin Studies 7. Warsaw: Frederick Chopin Society. pp. 3–77. 
  • Farnie, D.A. (2006) "Rylands , Enriqueta Augustina (1843–1908)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, online edn, Oct 2006 , accessed 20 August 2007 (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  • Ferrer, C. T. (1988). "Julian Fontana: El introductor de Chopin en Cuba". Revista de Musicologia: 1–28. 
  • Hardynski, W. (1948) "Jules Fontana", Polski Slownik Biograficzny, 7.58–9
  • Janta, A. (1982). A History of Nineteenth Century American-Polish Music. New York: Kosciuszko Foundation. ISBN 99929-993-3-0. 
  • Michałowski, K. (1970). Bibliografia Chopinowska 1849–1969. Kraków. 
  • Poradowska, M. (1902). "Lettres inédites de Fredéric Chopin au compositeur Fontana". Revue Hebdomadaire: 25 January. 
  • Sydow, B.E. (ed.) (1955). Korespondencja Fryderyka Chopina. Warsaw. , French translation, 1953–60; English translation, abridged, 1962

External links[edit]