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(Robert) Julian Onderdonk (July 30, 1882 – October 27, 1922) was a Texan Impressionist painter, often called "the father of Texas painting."
Julian Onderdonk was born in San Antonio, Texas, to Robert Jenkins Onderdonk, a painter, and Emily Gould Onderdonk. He was raised in South Texas and was an enthusiastic sketcher and painter. As a teenager Onderdonk was influenced and received some training from the prominent Texas artist Verner Moore White who also lived in San Antonio at the time. He attended the West Texas Military Academy, graduating in 1900.
At 19, with the help of a generous neighbor, Julian left Texas in order to study with the renowned American Impressionist William Merritt Chase. Julian's father, Robert, has also once studied with Chase. Julian spent the summer of 1901 on Long Island at Chase's Shinnecock School of Art. He studied with Chase for a couple of years and then moved to New York City to attempt to make a living as an en plein air artist. While in New York he met and married Gertrude Shipman and they soon had a son.
Onderdonk returned to San Antonio in 1909, where he produced his best work. His most popular subjects were bluebonnet landscapes. Onderdonk died on October 27, 1922 in San Antonio.
His art studio currently resides on the grounds of the Witte Museum.
- Cameron, Minnie B. "Handbook of Texas Online". ONDERDONK, JULIAN. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved March 12, 2011.
- George W. Bush, Decision Points, London: Virgin Books, 2010, p. 107
-  Texas Bluebonnet Painters Web Site
- AskArt auction results for Julian Onderdonk
- The works of Julian Onderdonk from the perspective of a Texas dealer-Fine Arts of Texas,Inc.'
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Road to the Hills,1918, Dallas Museum of Art
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