Julie Bishop

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The Honourable
Julie Bishop
MP
Julie Bishop official portrait.jpg
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Incumbent
Assumed office
18 September 2013
Prime Minister Tony Abbott
Preceded by Bob Carr
Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party
Incumbent
Assumed office
29 November 2007
Leader Brendan Nelson
Malcolm Turnbull
Tony Abbott
Preceded by Peter Costello
Deputy Leader of the Opposition
In office
3 December 2007 – 18 September 2013
Leader Brendan Nelson
Malcolm Turnbull
Tony Abbott
Preceded by Julia Gillard
Succeeded by Anthony Albanese
Minister for Ageing
In office
7 October 2003 – 27 January 2006
Prime Minister John Howard
Preceded by Kevin Andrews
Succeeded by Santo Santoro
Minister for Education, Science and Training
In office
27 January 2006 – 3 December 2007
Prime Minister John Howard
Preceded by Brendan Nelson
Succeeded by Julia Gillard
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Curtin
Incumbent
Assumed office
3 October 1998
Preceded by Allan Rocher
Majority 17.42%
Personal details
Born (1956-07-17) 17 July 1956 (age 57)
Lobethal, South Australia
Political party Liberal Party
Other political
affiliations
Coalition
Spouse(s) Neil Gillion (1983–1988)
Domestic partner Peter Nattrass[1]
Alma mater University of Adelaide
Harvard Business School

Julie Isabel Bishop (born 17 July 1956) is an Australian politician. She is the 38th and current Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs since the swearing in of the Abbott Government on 18 September 2013.[2] Bishop is the only woman in the current cabinet.

Bishop is the Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party of Australia,[3] and is the party's first female Deputy Leader and the third woman in Australian history to hold the title of Deputy Leader of the Opposition.

She has been a member of the Australian House of Representatives since 1998, representing the seat of Curtin in Western Australia. She was a minister in the Howard government until the defeat of the Liberal/National Coalition at the election held on 24 November 2007. Bishop is a republican.[4]

Prior to entering Parliament, Bishop studied for a Bachelor of Laws at the University of Adelaide, and later on an Advanced Management Program at Harvard Business School, while she was managing partner of top Australian law firm, Clayton Utz.

Biography[edit]

Julie Bishop in 2007

Julie Bishop was born in Lobethal, South Australia, growing up on a cherry farm in the Adelaide Hills.[5] She was educated at St Peter's Collegiate Girls' School and later at the University of Adelaide, where she studied law, graduating in 1978. Subsequently she practised as a barrister and solicitor at the Adelaide law firm Mangan, Ey & Bishop, where she was a partner.

In 1983 Bishop married property developer Neil Gillion, and relocated with him to Perth, where she practised as a commercial litigation solicitor at Clayton Utz (then known as Robinson Cox). She became a partner of Clayton Utz in 1985. Bishop and Gillon divorced in 1988; childless, she never remarried but subsequently had relationships with Liberal state MP and Senator Ross Lightfoot, and more recently former Lord Mayor of Perth Dr Peter Nattrass. [6][7]

Bishop became managing partner of the Perth office of Clayton Utz in 1994. In 1996 she attended Harvard Business School in Boston and completed the eight-week Advanced Management Program for Senior Managers. It was at this course that she was inspired to give up her lucrative law career and enter Federal politics.[8][9]

Bishop chaired the Town Planning Appeal Tribunal of Western Australia, belonged to the Senate of Murdoch University, and was a director of the Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) and a director and fellow of the Australian Institute of Management. She has also served on the Council of Governors of the Lions Ear and Hearing Institute.[10]

Member of Parliament[edit]

Bishop won pre-selection for the Liberal Party for the seat of Curtin, Western Australia, in 1998, and went on to win the seat at the federal election later that year, defeating the sitting member and Liberal turned independent Allan Rocher, who had held the seat since 1981.

Following the Liberals' February 2001 State election loss by Richard Court to Geoff Gallop, Bishop was mooted as a possible contender for the leader of the state opposition.[10] Initially Court had announced that he would stay on as opposition leader, However, behind the scenes he was engineering a deal under which Bishop would have handed her comfortably safe federal seat to Court's factional opponent Colin Barnett, enter the state parliament via a by-election in either Barnett or Court's comfortably safe state seats and succeed Court as state Liberal leader.[11] The deal soon collapsed, however, when Bishop turned it down, declaring that the arrangement wasn't bizarre, but "innovative, different".[10] Court was forced to leave politics altogether, and Barnett took over as state opposition leader.

Minister in the Howard Government[edit]

Bishop was appointed Minister for Ageing in 2003. She was later promoted to Minister for Education, Science and Training and Minister Assisting the Prime Minister for Women's Issues in the cabinet reshuffle on 24 January 2006 and served in those positions until the defeat of the Coalition government at the federal election held on 24 November 2007.

Bishop's education policies centred on the development of national education standards as well as performance-based pay for teachers.[12] On 13 April 2007, the Australian State Governments expressed opposition to Bishop's policies, notably those relating to performance pay. In the 2007 Budget, the Federal Government announced a $5b "endowment fund" for higher education, with an express goal of providing world-class tertiary institutions in Australia.[13]

Some of Bishop's comments, such as "the states have ideologically hijacked school syllabi and are wasting $180 million in unnecessary duplication", have been criticised by teachers. An advance media kit for a 2006 speech claimed parts of the contemporary curriculum came "straight from Chairman Mao"; however, the reference was dropped from her speech.[14][15][16]

Shadow Ministry and Deputy Liberal Leader[edit]

Following the Coalition's loss at the 2007 election, Bishop was elected deputy leader of the Liberal Party under Brendan Nelson on 29 November 2007. In a ballot of Liberal party room members, Bishop prevailed with 44 votes, one more than the combined total of her two competitors: Andrew Robb (25 votes) and Christopher Pyne (18 votes).[17] Nelson also opted not to give National Party leader Warren Truss the post of Deputy Leader of the Opposition, instead giving it to Bishop.

On 22 September, Bishop was offered the role of Shadow Treasurer by Nelson's successor as Opposition Leader, Malcolm Turnbull, making her the first woman to hold the portfolio of any major party at the federal level. On 16 February 2009, she resigned from the position of Shadow Treasurer, due to dissatisfaction within Liberal ranks over her performance.[18] Bishop moved to Foreign Affairs while maintaining her position of Deputy Leader; the shadow treasury portfolio was taken over by Joe Hockey.[19] On 1 December 2009, Tony Abbott was elected leader. Bishop retained the deputy role.[20]

In 2010 Bishop defended the suspected forgery of Australian passports by Mossad, saying that many countries practised the forging of passports for intelligence operations, including Australia.[21] The government attacked Bishop over the statements, saying she had "broken a long-standing convention" in not speculating about intelligence practices.[22][23] She later clarified her statement, saying, "I have no knowledge of any Australian authority forging any passports of any nation."[24]

Bishop retained the role of Deputy Leader without challenge following the Coalition's narrow loss in the 2010 federal election,[25] and retained the portfolios of Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs and Shadow Minister for Trade.[26]

Minister in the Abbott Government[edit]

Bishop being sworn in as Foreign Minister by Quentin Bryce at Government House.

Following the election of the Abbott Coalition government in September 2013, Bishop remained as Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party, and was appointed as Australia's first female Minister for Foreign Affairs.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "True blue to her boots". Sydney Morning Herald. 2007-09-07. Retrieved 2013-10-20. 
  2. ^ "Tony Abbott's cabinet and outer ministry". smh.com.au. AAP. 16 September 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  3. ^ "Nelson wins Liberal leadership". The Sydney Morning Herald. 29 November 2007. Retrieved 29 November 2007. 
  4. ^ "Abbott 'won't set back republican cause' - Ninemsn". News.ninemsn.com.au. 2013-08-26. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  5. ^ Joe Spagnolo (21 September 2013). "Julie Bishop is living the dream following Coalition election to government". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  6. ^ http://www.perthnow.com.au/entertainment/perth-confidential/power-and-the-fashion/story-e6frg30u-1111114162157
  7. ^ Deborah Snow (23 September 2013). "The talented Miss Julie". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  8. ^ "Advanced Management Program | Leadership | Programs - HBS Executive Education". Exed.hbs.edu. 2014-03-18. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  9. ^ Mark Davis (11 October 2003). "True blue to her boots". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 October 2009. 
  10. ^ a b c Michelle Grattan (11 October 2003). "New kid on the block". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 28 November 2007. 
  11. ^ "New WA Liberals leader takes on divided party (transcript)". 7:30 Report. 26 February 2001. Retrieved 28 November 2007. 
  12. ^ "Rudd revolution will take more than rhetoric – Opinion –". Smh.com.au. 30 January 2007. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  13. ^ "Hon Julie Bishop MP – Budget 2007–08 Media Releases". Dest.gov.au. 8 May 2007. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  14. ^ "Thatcher v Mao – what a week for ideology". Opinion (Melbourne). 7 October 2006. Retrieved 6 May 2007. "Lead: The latest shots in the culture wars were fired this week in a skirmish that has all the hallmarks of a carefully planned political campaign aimed at jolting Australians out of their complacency." 
  15. ^ Justine Ferrari (6 October 2006). "Canberra to seize syllabus from states". Education (The Australian). Retrieved 6 May 2007. "Education Minister Julie Bishop will attack state education bureaucrats and accuse them of hijacking school curriculums, distorting them with "Chairman Mao" type ideologies in a speech to the History Teachers Association of Australia today." 
  16. ^ Michael Turtle (13 April 2007). "States reject performance pay for teachers". PM program. ABC (Radio National). Retrieved 6 May 2007. "Julie Bishop took in an ambitious plan for national standards in schooling, but none of her proposals were accepted in their original form." 
  17. ^ Nelson sinks Turnbull, The Age, 29 November 2007.
  18. ^ "Bishop quits as shadow treasurer". The Sydney Morning Herald. 16 February 2009. Retrieved 16 February 2009. 
  19. ^ Coorey, Phillip (16 February 2009). "Bishop to quit as shadow treasurer: SMH 16/2/2009". Smh.com.au. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  20. ^ [1][dead link]
  21. ^ 26 May 2010 12:00AM (26 May 2010). "Liberal Deputy Julie Bishop 'jeopardising' security over passport claim". Herald Sun. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  22. ^ First the Israelis, now Julie Bishop's under attack over faked passport scandal, Sydney Morning Herald, 26 May 2010 
  23. ^ Lester, Tim (25 May 2010). "Australia forges passports too, says Bishop". Smh.com.au. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  24. ^ Grattan, Michelle; Lester, Tim; Koutsoukis, Jason (26 May 2010). "Passport gaffe trips Liberals' deputy leader". The Age (Melbourne). 
  25. ^ Shanahan, Denis (10 September 2010). "Coalition minimises portfolio changes: PerthNow". Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  26. ^ [2][dead link]
  27. ^ Harris-Rimmer, Susan (2013-09-20). "Bishop joins ranks of the few". Canberra Times. Retrieved 2013-10-20. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Allan Rocher
Member of Parliament
for Curtin

1998–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Kevin Andrews
Minister for Ageing
2003–2006
Succeeded by
Santo Santoro
Preceded by
Brendan Nelson
Minister for Education and Science
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Julia Gillard
Preceded by
Kay Patterson
Minister Assisting the Prime Minister for Women's Issues
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Tanya Plibersek
as Minister for the Status of Women
Preceded by
Julia Gillard
Deputy Leader of the Opposition
2007–2013
Succeeded by
Anthony Albanese
Preceded by
Malcolm Turnbull
Shadow Treasurer of Australia
2008–2009
Succeeded by
Joe Hockey
Preceded by
Helen Coonan
Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Tanya Plibersek
Preceded by
Bob Carr
Minister for Foreign Affairs
2013–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Peter Costello
Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party
2007–present
Incumbent