London in 1958
|Birth name||Gayle Peck|
September 26, 1926|
Santa Rosa, California, United States
|Died||October 18, 2000
Encino, California, United States
Julie London (born Gayle Peck; September 26, 1926 – October 18, 2000) was an American jazz and pop singer and actress. She was noted for her smoky, sensual voice and languid demeanor. She released 32 albums of pop and jazz standards during the 1950s and 1960s, with her signature song being the classic "Cry Me a River," which she introduced in 1955.
London's 35-year acting career began in films in 1944 and included playing opposite Gary Cooper in Man of the West (1958) and Robert Mitchum in The Wonderful Country (1959). She achieved continuing success in the TV medical drama Emergency! (1972–1979), co-starring her real-life husband, Bobby Troup, and produced by her ex-husband, Jack Webb, in which London played the female lead role of nurse Dixie McCall.
Julie London was born Gayle Peck on September 26, 1926, in Santa Rosa, California, the daughter of Jack and Josephine Peck, who were a vaudeville song-and-dance team. In 1929, when she was three, her family moved to San Bernardino, California, where Julie made her debut singing professionally on their public radio station. In 1941, when she was 14, the family moved to Hollywood, California. Shortly after that, she began appearing in movies. She graduated from the Hollywood Professional School in 1945.
In 1947, London married actor Jack Webb (of Dragnet fame). This pairing arose from their common love of jazz. They had two daughters, Stacy and Lisa Webb. London and Webb divorced in 1954. Daughter Stacy Webb died in a traffic accident in 1996.
In 1959, London married jazz composer and musician Bobby Troup; and they remained married until his death, in 1999. They had one daughter, Kelly Troup, who died in 2002, and twin sons, Jody and Reese Troup. Jody Troup died in 2010. London was also the stepmother of Cynthia and Ronne Troup, Bobby's daughters from his marriage to Cynthia Hare; they are both entertainers.
London began singing under the name Gayle Peck in public in her teens before appearing in a film. She was discovered by talent agent Sue Carol (wife of actor Alan Ladd), while working as an elevator operator. Her early film career, however, did not include any singing roles.
London recorded 32 albums in a career that began in 1955 with a live performance at the 881 Club in Los Angeles. Billboard named her the most popular female vocalist for 1955, 1956, and 1957. She was the subject of a 1957 Life cover article in which she was quoted as saying, "It's only a thimbleful of a voice, and I have to use it close to the microphone. But it is a kind of oversmoked voice, and it automatically sounds intimate."
London's debut recordings were for the Bethlehem Records label. While shopping for a record deal, she recorded four tracks that would later be included on the compilation album Bethlehem's Girlfriends in 1955. Bobby Troup backed London on the album, for which London recorded the standards "Don't Worry About Me", "Motherless Child", "A Foggy Day", and "You're Blasé".
London's most famous single, "Cry Me a River", was written by her high-school classmate Arthur Hamilton and produced by Troup. The recording became a million-seller after its release in December 1955 and also sold on reissue in April 1983 from the attention brought by a Mari Wilson cover. London performed the song in the film The Girl Can't Help It (1956), and her recording gained later attention in the films Passion of Mind (2000) and V for Vendetta (2006). The song "Yummy Yummy Yummy" was featured on the HBO television series Six Feet Under and appears on its soundtrack album. London's "Must Be Catchin'" was featured in the 2011 premiere episode of the ABC series Pan Am. Her last recording was "My Funny Valentine" for the soundtrack of the Burt Reynolds film Sharky's Machine (1981).
Though primarily remembered as a singer, London also made more than 20 films. Her widely regarded beauty and poise (she was a pin-up girl prized by GIs during World War II) contrasted strongly with her pedestrian appearance and streetwise acting technique (much parodied by impersonators). One of her strongest performances came in Man of the West (1958), starring Gary Cooper and directed by Anthony Mann, in which her character, the film's only woman, is abused and humiliated by an outlaw gang.
She performed on many television variety series and also in dramatic roles, including guest appearances on Rawhide (1960) and The Big Valley (1968). On May 28, 1964, London and her husband Bobby Troup recorded a one-hour program for Japanese television in Japan. London sang 13 of her classic songs including "Bye Bye Blackbird", "Lonesome Road", and "Cry Me A River".
London remained close with her ex-husband Jack Webb; in 1972, Webb hired both his ex-wife and her husband, Troup, for key roles in the TV series Emergency!, in which he served as executive producer. London played head nurse Dixie McCall, while Troup took the role of emergency-room physician Dr. Joe Early. They also appeared in an episode of the Webb-produced series Adam-12, reprising their roles.
The onscreen camaraderie between London, Troup, Randolph Mantooth, and Kevin Tighe (who played the paramedics in the series), carried over into real life, as well. They remained close friends long after the series came to a close. In an interview, Mantooth claimed London "was not impish nor a diva. She was a soul, kind of mother. She was the kindest person I have ever known. I don't know if it was up to her, but Kevin and I were both kept calm by her personality, when we were shooting in the hospital. Only Bobby Troup knew who she was...she was just like Julie! She made us laugh!"
London and Troup appeared as panelists on the game show Tattletales several times in the 1970s. In the 1950s, London appeared in an advertisement for Marlboro cigarettes singing the "Marlboro Song" and in 1978 appeared in television advertisements for Rose Milk Skin Care Cream.
Later life and death
London suffered a stroke in 1995 and was in poor health until her death on October 18, 2000 (the day her husband, Bobby Troup, would have been 82), in Encino, California, at age 74. London was interred next to Troup in the Courts of Remembrance, Columbarium of Providence, at Forest Lawn-Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles, California. Her star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for recording is at 7000 Hollywood Boulevard in Los Angeles.
- Nabonga (1944)
- Janie (1944) (unbilled)
- Diamond Horseshoe (1945) (bit part)
- On Stage Everybody (1945)
- Night in Paradise (1946) (bit part)
- The Red House (1947)
- Tap Roots (1948)
- Task Force (1949)
- Return of the Frontiersman (1950)
- The Fat Man (1951)
- The Fighting Chance (1955)
- The Girl Can't Help It (1956)
- Crime Against Joe (1956)
- The Great Man (1956)
- Drango (1957)
- Saddle the Wind (1958)
- Voice in the Mirror (1958)
- Man of the West (1958)
- Night of the Quarter Moon (1959)
- The Wonderful Country (1959)
- A Question of Adultery (1959)
- The 3rd Voice (1960)
- The George Raft Story (1961)
- The Alfred Hitchcock Hour season 3 episode 12 "Crimson Witness" January 4, 1965 as Barbara
- What's My Line? Mystery guests on September 29, 1957 (Episode # 382) (Season 9 Episode 5), (three episodes) (1957–1961)
- Rawhide (one episode) (1960)
- Laramie as June Brown in the episode "Queen of Diamonds", with Claude Akins and Tony Young (1960)
- Dan Raven with Skip Homeier as June Carney in the episode "Tinge of Red" (1960)
- The Barbara Stanwyck Show as Julie in "Night Visitors" (1961)
- The Eleventh Hour as Joan Ashmond in the episode "Like a Diamond in the Sky" (1963)
- The Big Valley (one episode) (1967)
- The Man from U.N.C.L.E. two episodes, "The Prince of Darkness Affair," Part 1, Part 2, (1967), rereleased as the feature film The Helicopter Spies (1968)
- Emergency! (1972–1979) series regular
- Adam-12 (one episode, Lost and Found) as Dixie McCall
- Tattletales (game show hosted by Bert Convy, 1974–1978)
- Emergency: Survival on Charter No. 220 (1978)
- Summerfield, Maurice J. (31 October 2008). Barney Kessel, a jazz legend. Ashley Mark Publishing. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-872639-69-7. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- "Julie London Profile". Metacritic. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
- Staggs, Sam (4 February 2003). Close-up on Sunset Boulevard: Billy Wilder, Norma Desmond, and the Dark Hollywood Dream. St. Martin's Press. p. 289. ISBN 978-1-4668-3046-2. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- "Julie London". Nndb.com. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
- "Julie London Biography". Musicianguide.com. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
- McKnight-Trontz, Jennifer (30 July 1999). Exotiquarium: Album Art from the Space Age. St. Martin's Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-312-20133-3. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- LIFE. Time Inc. 18 February 1957. p. 74. ISSN 0024-3019. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- Cason, Buzz (2004). Living the Rock 'n Roll Dream: The Adventures of Buzz Cason. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 102. ISBN 978-1-61780-116-7. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- Loy, R. Philip. Westerns in a Changing America, 1955-2000. McFarland. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-7864-8301-3. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- "The Julie Jones Television Show Videos". JulieLondon.org. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
- "Randolph Mantooth Biography". Starpulse.com. 1945-09-19. Retrieved 2014-08-11.
- Martin, Douglas (19 October 2000). "Julie London, Sultry Singer and Actress of 50's, Dies at 74". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- "A small voice to make a big stir: Julie London gets back to movies". Life. 18 February 1957. pp. 74–78.
- "Julie London". The Times. 19 October 2000. Retrieved 25 October 2009.
- For the original niche, see Julie London at Find a Grave. The remains were relocated within the same columbarium. See: Julie London at Find a Grave.