International Council of 13 Indigenous Grandmothers
Grandmothers Bernadette, Margaret & Agnes in conference
|Focus||Environmentalism, internationalism, indigenous rights, cooperation and peace|
The International Council of 13 Indigenous Grandmothers is an international alliance of indigenous female elders that focuses on issues such as the environment, internationalism, and human rights. The group met for the first time in October 2004 at the Dalai Lama's Menla Retreat Center on Panther Mountain in Phoenicia, New York, during which time they declared themselves a council.
The grandmothers include:
- Agnes Baker Pilgrim (Elected Chairperson) – Takelma, Confederated Tribes of Siletz – Grants Pass, Oregon, USA
- Aama Bombo – Tamang – Nepal
- Margaret Behan – Arapaho/Cheyenne – Montana, USA
- Rita Pitka Blumenstein – Yup’ik – Alaskan Tundra, USA
- Julieta Casimiro – Mazatec – Huautla de Jimenez, Mexico
- Maria Alice Campos Freire – Amazonian Rainforest, Brazil
- Flordemayo – Mayan – Highlands of Central America/ New Mexico
- Tsering Dolma Gyaltong – Tibetan
- Clara Shinobu Iura – Amazonian Rainforest, Brazil
- Beatrice Long Visitor Holy Dance – Oglala Lakota – Black Hills, South Dakota, USA
- Rita Long Visitor Holy Dance – Oglala Lakota – Black Hills, South Dakota, USA
- Mona Polacca – Hopi/Havasupai/Tewa – Arizona, USA
- Bernadette Rebienot – Omyene – Gabon, Africa
Several others have been involved in supporting the council's work, including:
- Pauline Tangiora – Māori elder from New Zealand
- Jeneane Prevatt ("Jyoti") – 'Traveling Ambassador Charged with The Mission', Cherokee, USA
- Madrinha Rita Gregório – Amazon Rainforest, Brazil
- Constance dePauliac – France
The council meets every six months, visiting each other's homelands. Their goals are to "build our relations and learn about each other's cultures". During these meetings the grandmothers wear traditional dress and hold a seven-day prayer vigil. The 2007 meeting in the Black Hills of South Dakota brought together 250 participants from the United States, South America, Europe, Asia and Oceania.
In July 2008 the council met in Rome to address the Vatican regarding the Inter caetera, a Papal Bull of 1493 that authorized the conversion to Christianity of the indigenous people of the newly discovered Americas. They laid a "flag of peace and conciliation" in front of Saint Peter's Basilica, as well as a written statement and gifts to Pope Benedict XVI. The grandmothers also lit smudging incense and prayed. The Vatican declined to receive them.
In 2006 Carol Schaefer's book Grandmothers Counsel the World: Women Elders Offer Their Vision for Our Planet was published by Trumpeter Books, an imprint of Shambhala Publications. In 2009 it released a Kindle edition. A Spanish edition was published in 2008.
In 2007 the Center for Sacred Studies, the parent organization of the Grandmother's Council, produced a documentary titled For the Next 7 Generations: The Grandmothers Speak. Directed by Carole Hart, it documented the Grandmothers as they met and traveled around the world.
Fran Markover's poem about the group, The Grandmothers, is based on a quote by Bernadette Rebienot,and won first place in the 2008 Ithaca College magazine arts and literature contest:
In 2011 Rita Pitka Blumenstein from Alaska and Mona Polacca from Arizona started a 22-city "Timeless Message Tour" speaking about the group and showing "For the Next 7 Generations".
They have received significant additional attention in academia. Suzanne Bouclin described them as "an alliance of 13 women elders from across the globe that was organized to uphold indigenous practices and ceremonies and affirm the right to use plant medicines free of legal restriction."
- Polacca, Mona (2011). "Realizing our Roots and the Power of Interconnectedness," in Tyson Miller, Dream of a Nation: Inspiring Ideas for a Better America. SEE Innovation, pp. 399–400. ISBN 0615482260.
- Monaghan, Patricia (2010). Goddesses in World Culture, Volume 1. Praeger. p. 159. ISBN 0313354650.
- COMPAS, Rigoberta Menchú (2007). Learning Endogenous Development: Building on Bio-Cultural Diversity. Practical Action. p. 72. ISBN 1853396648.
- About Us page at International Council of 13 Indigenous Grandmothers website, accessed June 8, 2013.
- Carson Walker, Int'l grandmothers' enviro movement, USA Today, July 29, 2007.
- Schaefer, Carol (2009). La voz de las trece abuelas: Ancianas indígenas aconsejan al mundo. LUCIERNAGA. pp. 129–136. ISBN 8489957932.
- Olp, Susan (July 29, 2012). "Indigenous Grandmothers group comes to Lame Deer". Billings Gazette. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- Chittister, Joan (2009-04-24). "The past is a very living thing: Try not to forget it". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- Mona Polacca, Guest Voices: Grandmothers to Pope: Drop Edict, Washington Post "On Faith" section, September 11, 2008.
- Capriccioso, R, "Indigenous grandmas nearly kicked out of Vatican", Indian Country Today, July 17, 2008 (Updated: Apr 24, 2009).
- Grandmothers Counsel the World book webpage at Shambhala Publications.
- Grandmothers Counsel the World e-book webpage at Shambhala Publications.
- "LET THE GRANDMOTHERS SPEAK". Centre Daily Times. October 5, 2007. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- Urbani de la Paz, Diane (January 24, 2013). "Film tells of grandmothers' healing journey". Peninsula Daily News. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- Lehmann-Haupt, Rachel (2004-11-07). "Grandmothers Unite: In original tribal cultures, the Grandmothers' Council was honored as the final authority on most tribal matters, including the waging of war. Now, wise voices converge to strengthen their message.". Alternet. Retrieved 2013-08-11.
- Markover, Fran (2008-11-19). "First Place Poetry: "The Grandmas"". IC View – The Magazine of Ithaca College. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- Lynda V. Mapes, Grandmothers kick off Timeless tour in Seattle Thursday night; Indigenous grandmothers kick off a 22-city tour in Seattle Thursday night, Seattle Times, March 31, 2011.
- Bouclin, Suzanne, U. of Ottawa, Faculty of Law, Judges, Women As (January 1, 2011). ENCYCLOPEDIA OF WOMEN IN TODAY'S WORLD. Available at SSRN
- Chittister, J, April 24, 2009, Blog on National Catholic Reporter, The past is a very living thing: Try not to forget it
- Harcourt-Smith, J, (6 Feb 2007), Bernadette Rebienot interview (translated version).
- Harcourt-Smith, J, (23 May 2007), Jyoti interview
- Conversations from Penn State – Interview with Grandmother Agnes
- Official website
- Official website for documentary For The Next Seven Generations
- IMDb listing of For The Next Seven Generations
- Turning Prayer into Action TV documentary of Grandmothers dialogue with Bioneers
- 13 Indigenous Grandmothers Gathering in Lame Deer, Montana, July, 2012, Part 2, video panel by Vashon Intuitive Arts participants
- Markover, Fran. "First Place Poetry: "The Grandmas"". IC View – The Magazine of Ithaca College.
- "A story telling afternoon at GRuB with members of the Thirteen Indigenous Grandmothers.".