Julijans Vaivods

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His Eminence
Julijans Vaivods
Cardinal Apostolic Administrator of Riga
19950818 8sant Latvia Postage Stamp.jpg
Latvian postage stamp depicting Julijans Vaivods
Church Roman Catholic
Archdiocese Riga
Installed 10 Nov 1964
Term ended 24 May 1990
Predecessor Pēteris Strods
Successor Jānis Cakuls
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati
Titular Bishop of Macriana Maior
Ordination 7 April 1918
Consecration 18 November 1964
Created Cardinal 2 February 1983
by John Paul II
Rank Cardinal
Personal details
Born (1895-08-18)18 August 1895
Vārkava, Latgale, Vitebsk Governorate (Present day Latvia)
Died 24 May 1990(1990-05-24) (aged 94)
Riga Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic (Present day Latvia)
Buried Basilica of the Assumption in Aglona
Nationality Latvian
Styles of
Julijans Vaivods
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Riga

Julijans Vaivods (18 August 1895 in Vārkava, Latgale, Vitebsk Governorate – 24 May 1990 in Riga, Soviet Union) was the Apostolic Administrator of Riga and of Liepāja from 10 November 1964 to his death, and Cardinal Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati from 1983 to his death. He was the first Latvian cardinal and also the oldest living cardinal at age 94.

Julijans Vaivods studied at the Saint Petersburg Roman Catholic Theological Academy, Russia. He was ordained priest for the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Mohilev by Bishop Jan Cieplak on 7 April 1918 in St. Petersburg. He was initially sent back to Latgale to serve as a parish priest and school chaplain. He came under the jurisdiction of the newly restored Diocese of Riga on 22 September 1918. He was sent to serve as a parish priest in Courland (Kurzeme) in 1925. He later came under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Liepāja when it was created in 1937. While serving as the vicar general of that diocese, he was elevated to monsignor on 4 July 1949.

Msgr. Vaivods was imprisoned by the Soviet authorities from 1958 to 1960. In 1962 he became vicar general of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Riga. In 1964 he received a papal invitation to travel to Rome to attend the third session of the Second Vatican Council.

On 18 November 1964 he was ordained titular bishop of Macriana Maior by Paolo Cardinal Marella in Rome. Cardinal Marella was assisted by Soviet bishops Jāzeps Rancāns and Boļeslavs Sloskāns. Bishop Vaivods returned to Rome in 1965 to participate in the fourth session of the Second Vatican Council. He died in 1990 and was buried at the Basilica of the Assumption in Aglona.

External links[edit]

Honorary titles
Preceded by
Pietro Parente
Oldest Living Cardinal
29 December 1986 – 24 May 1990
Succeeded by
Henri de Lubac