Julije Knifer (23 April 1924 – 7 December 2004) was a Croatian painter and founding member of the prominent 60s Croatian art group known as, Gorgona Group.
The central motif of Knifer’s art is the meander which he had been creating from 1960 in various techniques: print, oil, acrylic paint, collage, mural, etc. An example of which is the colossal meander created by Knifer on a 20 x 30 m canvas in a quarry in Tübingen (1975). He was one of the founding members of the Gorgona Group, whose members from 1959 to 1966 were: Miljenko Horvat, Ivan Kožarić, Marijan Jevšovar, Dimitrije Bašičević (who works under the name Mangelos), Matko Meštrović, Radoslav Putar, Đuro Seder and Josip Vaništa. In 1961 he participated at the first New Tendencies’ exhibition in Zagreb. He exhibited at many national and international shows including, The New Tendencies exhibitions (1961, 1963, 1969 and 1973), Art Abstrait Constructif International at the Denise René Gallery (Paris, 1961–1962), Konstruktivisten at the Städtisches Museum Leverkusen (Leverkusen, 1962), Oltre l’informale (San Marino, 1963), the Venice Biennale (1976 and 2001), the São Paulo Art Biennale (1973 with Juraj Dobrović and Vjenceslav Richter, 1979 and 1981). He collaborated with the Dany Keller Gallery in Munich, the Hoffmann Gallery in Friedberg and the Frank Elbaz Gallery in Paris. This increased the number of his works in private and museum collections which are now held in many prominent institutions across the world including the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris. In 1994 he moved to Paris where he lived until his death. His first posthumous exhibition was organized by Arnauld Pierre at the Frank Elbaz Gallery in Paris (2010). In 2002 he was the recipient of the Vladimir Nazor Life Achievement Award.
Published works on Julije Knifer
- Biro, Adam & Pierre, Arnauld Knifer: Méandres (Paris, 2001).
- Maković, Zvonko Julije Knifer (Meandar & Studio Rašić, Zagreb, 2002).
Notes and references
- Beroš, Nada Highlights: Collection in Motion, p.25 (Muzej Suvremene Umjetnosti, Zagreb 2010)
- Ministry of Culture Website, link to the recipients of the Vladimir Nazor Life Achievement Award.
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