Julis

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This article is about the village in Israel. For the Palestinian Arab village in Gaza, see Julis, Gaza. For the Liberal Party youth organizations, see Young Liberals Austria and Young Liberals (Germany).
Julis
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrew ג'וּלִס, ג'וליס
 • ISO 259 Ǧúlis
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic جولس
PikiWiki Israel 5035 entrance to el-mona garden.jpg
Julis is located in Israel
Julis
Julis
Coordinates: 32°56′39″N 35°11′9″E / 32.94417°N 35.18583°E / 32.94417; 35.18583Coordinates: 32°56′39″N 35°11′9″E / 32.94417°N 35.18583°E / 32.94417; 35.18583
District Northern
Government
 • Type Local council (from 1967)
 • Head of Municipality Nadeem Amar
Area
 • Total 3,970 dunams (3.97 km2 or 1.53 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 5,400

Julis (Arabic: جولس‎, Hebrew: ג'וּלִס)[1] is a Druze village and local council in the Northern District of Israel.

Etymology[edit]

According to local legend, the name is derived from "Julius," the name of a Roman commander who camped in the area. Others say it is from the Arabic word for "sitting" - "jalis", as it is located on lower hills than the surrounding villages, and thus seems to be sitting.

History[edit]

According to the 1596 Ottoman tax records Julis had a predominantly Muslim (Druze?) population, with a total of 79 households. The taxable produce comprised wheat, barley, "summer crops", fruit trees, and "goats and bees". Julis also had a press for olive oil or grape syrup.[2] During the 16th century there was also a small Jewish population.[3]

In the early part of the 18th century Julis was one of the major cotton producing villages in the area.[4] Later in the same century it was one of five villages in nahiya ("subdistrict") Sahil Akka (Acre coast), which were owned directly by the governor of Acre, and were exempt from the usual Ottoman taxes.[5]

In 1875, the French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village, which he called Djoules.[6] He noted that "before arriving at Julis I came upon a small plateau pierced by many cisterns. The cisterns and the cut stones which are built up in the modern houses show that the place is the site of an ancient town or village. On a neighbouring hill a waly is consecrated to the Sheikh Aly.'"[7] In the late nineteenth century, Julis was described as "a village built of stone containing about 200 Druzes, surrounded by olives and arable land."[8]

Modern era[edit]

Grave of Sheikh Ali Fares, Julis

Julis was captured by the Israeli army during Operation Dekel, 8-14 July 1948. Unlike many of the neighbouring villages the inhabitants were allowed to remain in their homes.[9]

Julis was declared a local council in 1967. The head of the local council is Salman Hino. The population was estimated at 5,400 residents at the end of 2007.[10] The annual population growth rate was 1.8%. All of the residents adhere to the Druze faith.

In 2000, a high percentage (72.1%, compared to 60.3% in Tel Aviv) of all high school students received a matriculation certificate. The mean income was NIS 5,067 per month (over the year 2007), compared to a national average of NIS 6,743.

Landmarks[edit]

  • Druze Center House[11]
  • Maqam Shaykh al-Farsi - This is located to the south of the old village, consisting of two older buildings and a domed one. In an open area there are two cenotaphs with inscriptions which record the life of Shaykh al-Farsi. His date of death is given as 1167 H (1753-1754 C.E.).[12]
  • Sheik Ali Faris cave - Located about 2 kilometers North-East of Julis. In this cave Sheik Ali Faris resided and did his contemplation.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p.43
  2. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 191. Quoted in Petersen, 2001, p. 191
  3. ^ Alex Carmel, Peter Schäfer and Yossi Ben-Artzi (1990). The Jewish Settlement in Palestine, 634–1881. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients : Reihe B, Geisteswissenschaften; Nr. 88. Wiesbaden: Reichert. p. 94. 
  4. ^ Cohen, 1973, p. 12. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.191
  5. ^ Cohen, 1973, p. 126, 133. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 191
  6. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 8
  7. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 8, as translated by Conder and Kitchner, 1881, p. 169
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, I:146. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.191
  9. ^ Morris, 1987, p. 198
  10. ^ "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2008-10-04. 
  11. ^ The Druze Center House - Hebrew Website
  12. ^ Petersen, 2001, p.191

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]