Julius Chambers

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This article is about the journalist and writer. For the lawyer and civil-rights leader, see Julius L. Chambers.
Julius Chambers
Julius Chambers 001.jpg
Julius Chambers ca. 1912
Born 1850
Bellefontaine, Ohio
Died 1920
Occupation journalist, travel writer
Nationality American

Signature

Julius Chambers, F.R.G.S.,[Note 1] (November 21, 1850 - February 12, 1920) was an American author, editor, journalist, travel writer, and activist against psychiatric abuse.[1]

Life and works[edit]

Julius Chambers was born in Bellefontaine, Ohio in 1850, the son of Joseph and Sarabella (née Walker) Chambers. When he was only eleven years old, he decided he wanted to be a journalist and spent his school vacations working in a local newspaper office.[1] He first attended Ohio Wesleyan University, and later, Cornell University, from which he graduated in 1870.[2] At Cornell, he was a member of the Irving Literary Society.[citation needed] Around 1880, while working as a journalist he spent some time reading law with Attorney General Brewster in Philadelphia and studying at Columbia College Law School.[2]

New York Tribune[edit]

After leaving Cornell, he became a reporter on the New York Tribune.

Geographic discovery[edit]

Crude map of Elk Lake region, drawn by Julius Chambers. He called the lake "Lake Dolly Varden", a Dickensian name he also gave to the canoe he used on the trip.

While on sick leave on June 4, 1872, he discovered Elk Lake, adjoining Lake Itasca, in the Lake District of Northwestern Minnesota and declared it to be the source of the Mississippi River.[3][Note 2] For this he was made a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society.[1] This led to a series of newspaper articles and the book The Mississippi River and Its Wonderful Valley (1910).[3][4][5][Note 3]

Investigative journalism[edit]

Julius Chambers in 1872

Later in 1872, he returned to work and undertook a journalistic investigation of Bloomingdale Asylum, having himself committed with the help of some of his friends and the city editor. His intent was to obtain information about alleged abuse of inmates. After ten days, his collaborators on the project had him released. When articles and accounts of the experience were published in the Tribune, it led to the release of twelve patients who were not mentally ill, a reorganization of the staff and administration of the institution and, eventually, to a change in the lunacy laws.[1][6][Note 4] This later led to the publication of the book A Mad World and Its People (1876). From this time onward, Chambers was frequently invited to speak on the rights of the mentally ill and the need for proper facilities for their accommodation, care and treatment.[7]

New York Herald[edit]

In 1873, he joined the staff of the New York Herald and was foreign correspondent for the newspaper for fifteen years. In 1887, his editor-in-chief sent him to Paris to launch the Paris Herald.[1]

New York World[edit]

Chambers' editor-in-chief Joseph Pulitzer

In 1889, Chambers became the managing editor of the New York World on the invitation of Joseph Pulitzer, where he remained until 1891.[8]

In 1890, Pulitzer, Chambers, et al. were indicted for posthumous criminal libel against Alexander T. Stewart for accusing him of "a dark and secret crime", as the man who "invited guests to meet his mistresses at his table", and as "a pirate of the dry goods ocean."[9] The charges were dismissed by the court.[10] This sort of criminal action was common at the time and both Pulitzer and Chambers were indicted in a number of cases, in some of which they were acquitted, in others convicted.[11][12]

Chambers also wrote a column for the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, from 1904 onwards, called "Walks and Talks" and he continued to write it for the rest of his life.[1]

He continued his travel writing and lectured in journalism at Cornell University from 1903 to 1904, and at New York University in 1910.[1]

In addition to his works of fiction, he published over a hundred short stories and had two plays produced in New York, both comedies.[1][8]

Chambers was married twice. For years he was a member of the Lotos Club, New York.

Bibliography[edit]

Books[edit]

  • A Mad World and Its People (1876) a.k.a.
    A Mad World and Its Inhabitants, Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, London[13]
  • On a Margin (1884) The story of a hopeless patriot, Ford, Howard & Hulbert, New York[14]
  • Lovers Four and Maidens Five (1886) A story of the Allegheny Mountains, Porter & Coates
  • Missing (1896) A Romance of the Sargasso Sea, The Transatlantic Publishing Company
  • A Happy Month in Jamaica (1900) F. Presbrey Co.
  • The Destiny of Doris (1901) A travel-story of three continents, Continental Publishing Company, New York[15]
  • Seven, Seven, Seven – City (1903) A Tale of the Telephone[16]
  • When Money Talked (1904) Serialized in The Gateway: (Part 1)[17] (Part 2)[18]
  • Seeing New York (1908) a brief historical guide and souvenir of America's greatest city
  • The Book of New York (1912) Forty years' recollections of the American metropolis[19]
  • Montreal (1915) Old, New, Entertaining, Convincing, Fascinating (contributing editor)[20]
  • News Hunting on Three Continents (1921) Mitchell Kennerley, New York[21]
  • The Rascal Club (1897) F. Tennyson Neely, New York.
  • Benjamin North[15]
  • One Woman's Life
  • News hunting on three continents. Publisher: Mitchell Kennerley, New York 1921
  • Books by Julius ChambersInternet Archive - online

Articles[edit]

  • “The Chivalry of the Press” The Arena Vol.4 (June, 1891[22]
  • "Little Stories of Journalism" in The Reader (1904)[23]
  • "Woman:The Line of Progress" (1910) in The Forum, Volume 44[24]
  • "Why Germany Went to War, General Conversion to the Racial Doctrines of Professor Fichte" in The Gateway, a magazine of patriotic service, Volume XXXI (1918)[25]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ There is disparity about an unused first name. The Americana Vol.4 (1911) calls him Charles Julius Chambers,[1] Dictionary of American Biography (1936) and The Delta Kappa Epsilon Quarterly (1893) [2] call him James Julius Chambers. Regardless of the correct name, he used neither one in practice, nor an initial in its place.
  2. ^ Other white men (William Morrison 1803, Schoolcraft 1832, and Nicollet 1836) had been there before him, but had said nothing about it as, at the time, it was part of Lake Itasca, subsequently separated by natural causes, it is believed. (See reference "The Glazier Fiasco")
  3. ^ The following notice appeared in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle on July 17, 1872,

    "Julius Chambers, who undertook to paddle his canoe Dolly Varden from Lake Itaska to New Orleans, reached Quincy, Illinois, yesterday and shipped his canoe to St. Louis on the steamer Rob Roy."

  4. ^ The following notice appeared in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle on November 30, 1877,

    "The lady whose suit against the Bloomingdale Asylum was mentioned in the Eagle on Wednesday is Mrs. James O. Norton. Mrs. Norton has been indefatigable for the past year to have her experiences of asylum life made known to the public, with a view toward ameliorating the condition of those suffering in them, and has decided that the course she has pursued is the best. She has put her case in the hands of Mr. John D. Townsend, of New York, whose name is associated with the exposures made several years ago by Julius Chambers, and he doubtless will secure a legal victory for this worthy lady"

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Dictionary of American Biography (1936) Charles Scribner's Sons, New York
  2. ^ a b Leonard, John W.; Marquis, Albert Nelson (1899). Who's who in America. Marquis Who's Who. p. 122. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "The Glazier Fiasco" (1893) Collections of the Minnesota Historical Society, Vol.7, p.181
  4. ^ Chambers, Julius (1910). The Mississippi River and its wonderful valley: twenty-seven hundred and seventy-five miles from source to sea. G. P. Putnam's sons. p. 315. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  5. ^ Winchell, Newton Horace (1891). The American Geologist. Geological Publishing Company. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ "A New Hospital for the Insane" (Dec., 1876) Brooklyn Daily Eagle
  7. ^ "An Insane Hospital for Brooklyn (Dec. 23, 1876) ''New York Times''". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  8. ^ a b Who's who in New York (1905) L.R. Hamersley Co., New York
  9. ^ "Defending Stewart's Memory". New York Times. May 1, 1890. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  10. ^ The Reader: An Illustrated Monthly Magazine. Bobbs-Merill Company. 1904. p. 559. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  11. ^ Merrill, Samuel (1888). Newspaper Libel: A Handbook for the Press. Ticknor. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  12. ^ The Chicago Daily News Almanac and Year Book for .... Chicago Daily News, Incorporated. 1910. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  13. ^ "A mad world and its inhabitants : Julius Chambers : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". Archive.org. 2001-03-10. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  14. ^ Chambers, Julius (1884). On a Margin .... Fords, Howard & Hulbert. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  15. ^ a b Chambers, Julius (1901). The destiny of Doris: a travel-story of three continents. Continental pub. co. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  16. ^ ""Seven, seven, seven - City." A tale of the telephone (1903) by Julius Chambers". Gaslight.mtroyal.ca. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  17. ^ Gateway. The Gateway. 1904. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  18. ^ Gateway. 1905. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  19. ^ "The book of New York; forty years' recollections of the American metropolis : Chambers, Julius, 1850-1920 : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". Archive.org. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  20. ^ "Montreal: old, new, entertaining, convincing, fascinating. Editorial staff: Lorenzo Prince [and others] Contributors: B.K. Sandwell [and others] Special contributing editor: Julius Chambers : Prince, Lorenzo : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive". Archive.org. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  21. ^ Chambers, Julius (1921). News hunting on three continents. M. Kennerley. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  22. ^ Flower, Benjamin Orange (1891). The Arena. Arena Publishing Company. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  23. ^ The Reader: An Illustrated Monthly Magazine. Bobbs-Merill Company. 1904. p. 559. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  24. ^ Lorettus Sutton Metcalf; Walter Hines Page; Joseph Mayer Rice; Frederic Taber Cooper, Mitchell Kennerley, Arthur Hooley, Edwin Wildman, George Henry Payne, Henry Goddard Leach (1910). The Forum. Forum Print. Company. p. 724. Retrieved July 29, 2013. 
  25. ^ Gateway. 1918. Retrieved July 29, 2013.