Julius E.F. Gipkens
Early life and career
Gipkens was self-taught and found inspiration in Lucian Bernhard's work. Gipkens moved to Berlin and started working. He created posters for Germany during World War I. After the war, he created illustrations for advertising and design firms, and newspapers. He immigrated to the United States in 1933.
Death and legacy
- "Julius Gipkens". The First World War. Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- "Plant Oils! Plant Sunflowers and Poppies, and You Then Create German Oils and Serve the Fatherland!". World Digital Library. 1916. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- "Seine Hoheit - Der Kohlentrimmer". Collections. Victoria & Albert Museum. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
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