Julius Ochs Adler

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Julius Ochs Adler
Julius Ochs Adler.jpg
Born (1892-12-03)December 3, 1892
Chattanooga, Tennessee
Died October 3, 1955(1955-10-03) (aged 62)
New York City
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Commands held 77th Infantry Division
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Distinguished Service Cross
Silver Star
Legion of Merit
Purple Heart

Julius Ochs Adler (December 3, 1892 – October 3, 1955) was an American publisher, journalist, and highly decorated United States Army officer with the rank of Major general.

Biography[edit]

Adler was born on December 3, 1892, in Chattanooga, Tennessee, the son of Harry Clay Adler and Ada Ochs. After graduating from Princeton University in 1914 he was employed by The New York Times. He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in April 1917, was promoted to captain in August 1917,[1] and served as a Company Commander ("Company H"[2]) in the 306th Infantry Regiment, 77th Division, on the Western Front, seeing action in the Lorraine, Aisne-Marne, Vesle and Meuse-Argonne offensives.[1] Adler, by then a major, was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross after an action at St. Juvin, on 14 October 1918.[3]

Adler returned to The New York Times in May 1919, served as vice president and treasurer, becoming general manager in 1935[1] after the death of his uncle, Adolph Ochs.

Having received promotions to lieutenant colonel in 1923 and to colonel in 1930 in the Army Reserve, Adler was reactivated in October 1940 to serve as the commander of the 113th Infantry Regiment, 44th Division, at Fort Dix, New Jersey. Promoted to brigadier general in July 1941, from September 1941 he was Assistant Divisional Commander, 6th Infantry Division. Adler was relieved from duty on 17 November 1944 because of illness.[1]

He served as Commanding General of the 77th Division (Army Reserve) from November 1946 into 1948, receiving promotion to major general on 24 January 1948, and was President of the Senior Army Reserve Commanders Association, 1949-1951.[1]

Adler was the president and publisher of The Chattanooga Times, and general manager of The New York Times until his death on October 3, 1955.[4] He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery, in section 2, site 4957-A, map O, grid W 32.5.[5]

Personal life[edit]

Adler married to Barbara Stettheimer in 1922. They had two daughters and a son.[6]

Adler was a Freemason. He was a member of Justice Lodge No 753 of the 6th Manhattan Masonic District in New York City. [7]

Awards and decorations[edit]

During World War I Adler was awarded:[8]

Distinguished Service Cross citation[edit]

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Major (Infantry) Julius O. Adler, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in action while serving with 306th Infantry Regiment, 77th Division, A.E.F., at St. Juvin, France, 14 October 1918. Accompanied by another officer, Major Adler was supervising the work of clearing the enemy from St. Juvin where they suddenly came upon a party of the enemy numbering 150. Firing on the enemy with his pistol, Major Adler ran toward the party, calling on them to surrender. His bravery and good marksmanship resulted in the capture of 50 Germans, and the remainder fled.[3]

Publications[edit]

  • History of the Seventy-Seventh Division, August 25th, 1917 - November 11th, 1918 (1919) (ed.)
  • History of the 306th Infantry (1935) (ed.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Officers of the US Army 1939-1945 (A)". unithistories.com. Retrieved 20 December 2010. 
  2. ^ "Company H, 306th Infantry". longwood.k12.ny.us. Retrieved 20 December 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Julius Ochs Adler". Hall of Valor. Military Times. Retrieved 20 December 2010. 
  4. ^ "Obituary : Julius Ochs Adler, Jr.". New York Times. August 23, 2003. Retrieved January 13, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Julius Ochs Adler". Find a Grave. Retrieved February 11, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Jewish Women's Archive : Barbara Ochs Adler". jwa.org. Retrieved 20 December 2010. 
  7. ^ Denslow, William R. 10,000 Famous Freemasons, Vol. I, A-D.
  8. ^ Patterson, Michael Robert (April 23, 2004). "Arlington National Cemetery Website". Retrieved January 13, 2009. 

External links[edit]