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Entrance to the Juliusspital on the Juliuspromenade
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Juliusspital (Julius Hospital), located in Würzburg was founded by Julius Echter from Mespelbrunn in 1576 on the ground of a Jewish cemetery with the endowment of the abandoned monastery of Heiligenthal. It continues to function as a hospital but is particularly notable for being, at 177 hectares in the Franconian wine region, the second largest wine estate in Germany and the biggest individual German wine grower. Weingut Juliusspital is a member of Association of German Prädikat Wine Estates. The buildings are maintained to a high standard - they had a new pipe organ built by Orgelbau Vleugels in 2005.
The end of the Thirty Years' War in 1648 left part of the village of Thüngen in the hands of the Prince-Bishop of Würzburg, administered by the Juliusspital. In Gräfendorf the Barons of Thüngen and the Juliusspital in Würzburg shared the lordship. The latter’s rights passed under the German Mediatisation in 1803 to Bavaria, and in 1805 to the Grand Duchy of Aschaffenburg. Also in the course of this secularization in 1803, the rights of the Prince-Bishopric of Würzburg in Karsbach, and those held by the Juliusspital, passed to Bavaria, which under the terms of the Peace of Pressburg (1805) it ceded to the newly formed Grand Duchy of Würzburg.
Notable staff and students
In 1776 Karl Kaspar von Siebold was appointed as head physician (Oberwundarzt) of the Juliusspital in Würzburg. Under his leadership at Juliusspital, new surgical techniques were introduced, a regimen of hygiene was established, and renovation of the Theatrum Anatomicum took place. In 1805 the Juliusspital reportedly had the first modern operating theater in the world. Georg Anton Schäffer studied medicine at Wurzburg's Juliusspital College of Medicine. He joined Imperial Russian service as a surgeon, serving in Moscow before 1812. In 1816, Cajetan von Textor was appointed professor of surgery and Oberwundarzt in the Juliusspital. His students included Bernhard Heine (1800–1846), inventor of the osteotome. In 1863, Franz von Rinecker became director of psychiatry at the Juliusspital in Würzburg, and in 1872 took on additional responsibilities as director of dermatology. In 1870, Friedrich Jolly was his assistant.
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