Parachutist Badge

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The Parachutist Badge or Parachutist Brevet is a military badge awarded by the Armed Forces of most countries in the world to soldiers who receive the proper parachute training and accomplish the required number of jumps. It is difficult to assess which country was the first to introduce such award. During World War II most belligerent countries used such badges or awards.

Paratrooper badges of various countries.

France[edit]

French Military Parachutist Badge

The French military awards six Parachutists Brevets :

  • Military Parachutist Trainee (French: Brevet de préparation militaire parachutiste (PMP)) — awarded for four daytime jumps. This course is offered to prospective recruits and reserve personnel.
  • Military Parachuting Initiation (French: Brevet d'initiation au parachutisme militaire (BIPM)) — awarded for four daytime jumps. This course is offered to Air Force personnel.
  • Military Parachutist (French: Brevet parachutiste militaire (BPM)) — awarded for six jumps, both daytime and nighttime.
  • Parachutist Instructor (French: Brevet de moniteur parachutiste)
  • HALO Parachutist (French: Brevet de chuteur opérationnel (SOCR)
  • HALO Instructor (French: Brevet d'instructeur au saut en ouverture commandée retardée (INSOCR))

Germany[edit]

The Netherlands[edit]

The parachute course are done by the "Defensie Para School".[1] The Armed Forces of the Netherlands know 9 types of para wings:

  • B brevet (Automatic Opening/ Static Line)(obsolete). Prerequisite: 4 jumps, and normally the certificate was given for the so called "grensverleggende Activiteiten"
  • A brevet, Operational Parachutist, Static Line. Prerequisite: 8 jumps, and the last 3 have to be done with gear and weapon, and the last one needs to be made at night. Maximum altitude: 400 meters. The course is done by members of 11th Airmobile Brigade and Royal Netherlands Marine Corps.
  • SLS brevet, Operational Parachutist, Static Line, Square.. The same as the A certificate, with the last one with gear and weapon, and the last one needs to be made at night. Only for the reconnaissance platoons of the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps
  • B brevet, Parachutist Free Fall: Of the at least 20 jumps, 3 has to made with "Accelerated Free Fall method", also a night jump has to be done. This certificate is mostly done by Parachutist riggers, and Royal Netherlands Air Force Oxygen Supervisors.
  • C brevet, Operational Parachutist, Free fall. Prerequisite: 20 jumps, again 3 jumps with gear and weapon, 2 night jumps, one with gear and weapon, maximum altitude is ± 4.000 meters. All Army Commandos, need to do the course during the Phase 3 of the Commando Course, and members of the MARSOF of the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps.
  • C-OPS brevet, Operation Parachutist, Free fall. Prerequisite: 10 jumps, during day and night, 8 jumps with gear, navigation console and weapon, 5 need to be made with backpack. The maximum altitude is 4.000 meters, 3 need to be a precision jump. Advanced course after the C certificate course, it focus on group jumps, and the course is for operators of the Army Commandos.
  • D brevet, HALO/HAHO. Prerequisite: The amount of jumps depend on the proficiency of the student and the jumps are with a maximum altitude of 10.000 meters with oxygen. The course is only done by Commando groups, who are specialised in HALO/ HAHO jumps, and instructors of the Parachutist Training Group.
  • Operational Wings: Rare wing, only given to members of Task Force 55, after a successful insertion in Afghanistan, in 2009. For the first time since 1949, an operational jump was made again, the last time it happened on 10 march 1949 in Indonesia.
  • Dispatcher/ Instructor wing: Rewarded after the dispatcher course, with a proficiency in Static Line and Free fall

Philippines[edit]

Main article: AFP Parachutist Badge

The AFP Parachutist Badge[2] also known as the "Airborne Badge" is awarded by the Chief of Staff, AFP to AFP Personnel, Military Cadets, and Officer Candidates who have satisfactorily completed the requirements of the Basic Airborne Course[3] set forth in the POI conducted by the Airborne School, Special Forces Regiment (Airborne).[4]

Poland[edit]

The Polish Odznaka Spadochronowa was based on the previous award called the Odznaka Pilota Wojskowego, or Military Pilot Badge. It was first introduced by notable Polish sculptor Władysław Gruberski in 1919 and was accepted shortly afterwards as the sign of all the pilots of the Polish Air Forces. The badge featured an eagle with wide spread wings, holding a laurel wreath in his bill.

In 1941, after the creation of the UK-trained 1st Independent Parachute Brigade, a similar symbol was adopted as the sign of all Polish paras. It featured a diving silver eagle. The symbol was also adopted by the cichociemni and nowadays is used by all branches of the Polish Army. Also, the Polish special unit GROM adopted a modified version of the symbol as its emblem. It is commonly (though informally) referred to as gapa (diving Eagle).

Singapore[edit]

The Silver Wings is awarded upon successful completion of the Basic Airborne Course conducted by the Parachute Training Wing, School of Commandos. First awarded to the pioneering graduating batch of 27 NSFs from Second Company, 1st Commando Battalion (1 Cdo Bn) of the Singapore Commandos Formation, it comprises a pair of outspread wings on both wigs of a deployed parachute, with the words "SINGAPURA" below the canopy. With the design sanctioned by 1 Cdo Bn's Commanding Officer, Tan Kim Peng Clarence, it is differentiated by a crimson velvet backing for Commandos, while those of the Commando Parachute Jump Instructors have a golden velvet backing. Non-Commandos wear the badge without any backing.

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

The United States Parachutist Badge (also commonly referred to as "Jump Wings") is a military badge of the United States Armed Forces which is awarded to members of the United States Army, Air Force, Marine Corps and Navy.

After making five more jumps in a jump billet, members of the Navy and Marine Corps are authorized to wear the gold wings of Naval and Marine parachutists in lieu of their initial award of Army wings. There are three versions of the Army Parachutist Badge.[5] The United States Coast Guard is the only service which does not issue a Parachutist Badge and does not have personnel serving on jump status; however, Coast Guard members are entitled to receive the Parachutist Badge of another service if the proper training was received. The badge is awarded to U.S. Armed Forces personnel upon completion of the United States Army Airborne School Basic Airborne Course or freefall (not HALO) parachute training at the United States Air Force Academy, regardless of branch or MOS.[6] The USAFA course is open only to cadets and its training focuses on parachuting for aircrew members who must exit from an aircraft in an emergency. The training is not considered preparation for operational parachute units.

If awarded, Army parachutists who meet the qualifications and jump with a foreign service may also wear one set of foreign wings on their Class A uniform.[7] According to AFI36-2903, page 139 (edition of 2 August 2006), Air Force personnel may wear foreign-awarded jump wings while stationed in the awarding country or attending an official or social function hosted by the awarding government, and if the recipient has already been awarded US jump wings.[8]

The original Army Parachutist Badge was designed in 1941 by Lieutenant General (then Captain) William P. Yarborough and approved by the Department of the Army in March of that year. In addition to the Parachutist Badge, U.S. Army paratroopers wore a "paraglider" patch on the front left side (enlisted) or right side (officers) of the garrison cap. Until the late 1940s, glider units were also included within Airborne divisions, hence the parachute and glider on the cap. The garrison cap with the paraglider patch was replaced by the maroon beret. Troops of the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault), a former parachute unit, continued to wear the garrison cap with patch until the replacement of garrison caps by the black beret worn by all personnel not already wearing maroon (Airborne) or green (Special Forces). When the black beret was adopted Army-wide, Ranger units switched from black to tan.

Other countries[edit]

  • Argentina: In the Argentinian Army, personnel who complete the basic parachutist training receive a badge consisting of a silver winged parachute. A golden badge is awarded to personnel after a certain service time spent at a parachute unit, after a certain number of jumps and upon completion of at least two more parachute-related courses besides the basic one, such as rigger, jumpmaster, free-fall jump, etc. This system replaced the one existing until 1993, when officers wore the golden badge, NCOs the silver one and privates a smaller silver one. Navy, Air Force and Gendarmerie parachutists were similar badges to those of the Army.
  • Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovak badges were awarded in three classes:
3rd Class
2nd Class
1st Class
Canadian Jump Wings

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.defensie.nl/organisatie/landmacht/inhoud/eenheden/kct/defensie-para-school
  2. ^ The AFP Adjutant General, AFP Awards and Decorations Handbook, 1997, OTAG, p. 79-80.
  3. ^ Military Parachuting
  4. ^ Special Forces Regiment (Airborne)
  5. ^ 578.74 Parachutist badges
  6. ^ Airborne School
  7. ^ Foreign badges authorized for acceptance and wear on the Army Uniform
  8. ^ http://www.afoats.af.mil/OTS/documents/AFI36-2903.pdf