A jumper, in police and media parlance, is a person who plans to fall or jump (or already has fallen or jumped) from a potentially deadly height, sometimes with the intention to commit suicide, at other times to escape conditions inside (e.g., a burning building).
The term includes successfully-fatal suicides as well as those people who survive the attempt. The latter are often left with major injuries and permanent disabilities from the impact-related injuries. A frequent scenario is that the jumper will sit on an elevated highway or building-ledge as police attempt to talk them down. Potential jumpers are sometimes encouraged by observers to jump, an effect known as "suicide baiting".
Popular songs "Jumper" (1998) by Third Eye Blind, "Spring" (2005) by Rammstein, "Jumpers" (2005) by Sleater-Kinney, "Summertime Sadness" (2012) by Lana Del Rey, and "Fall" (2012) by Stephan Nance incorporate "jumping" as their main theme.
As of 2002, the highest documented suicide jump was by expert skydiver Charles "Nish" Bruce, who killed himself by leaping without a parachute from an airplane, at an altitude of over 5,000 feet (1,500 m).
- Autodefenestration, purposefully jumping out of a window
- The Bridge (2006), a documentary film about jumpers on the Golden Gate Bridge
- The Falling Man (September 11, 2001), an iconic photograph of one of the hundreds of casualties of the September 11 attack victims who fell or jumped from the burning World Trade Center
- Koopman, John, Staff Writer (November 2, 2005). "LETHAL BEAUTY / No easy death: Suicide by bridge is gruesome, and death is almost certain. The fourth in a seven-part series on the Golden Gate Bridge barrier debate.". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- List of suicide sites
- Lover's Leap, nickname for many scenic heights with the risk of a fatal fall and the possibility of a deliberate jump
- Suicide barrier, access-control fence erected at certain high places to deter jumpers
- Suicide bridge, particular bridges favored by jumpers
- Kemp, Joe (March 20, 2011). "Miracle mom who survived horrific 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire was 'one in a million'". New York Daily News.
- Leonard, Tom Leonard (11 September 2011). "The 9/11 victims America wants to forget: The 200 jumpers who flung themselves from the Twin Towers who have been 'airbrushed from history'". Mail Online.
- "Attempted Suicide Horrors". Suicide.org!. Retrieved 2010-12-17.
- Mann, L. (1981). "The baiting crowd in episodes of threatened suicide". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 41 (4): 7039.
- Bell, Crystal (20 July 2012). "Lana Del Rey 'Summertime Sadness' Video: Jaime King Is Lana's Suicidal Lesbian Lover". Huffington Post. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
- "Stephan Nance Lyrics". Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- Allison, Rebecca (21 June 2002). "Suicide Verdict - Depressed pilot leapt to death". The Guardian.
- "SAS Soldier dies in plane plunge". CNN World News. 10 January 2002.
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