|Stylistic origins||Mákina, gabber, hardstyle, hardcore techno, tech trance, industrial, techno|
|Cultural origins||Belgium and the Netherlands|
|Typical instruments||Roland TR-909, Roland TR-808, synthesizer, sequencer, keyboard, sampler.|
|Belgium - Netherlands - Ireland - Germany - United Kingdom - Russia - Poland - France - Denmark - Australia - Luxembourg|
|Electronic musical instrument – Computer music|
Jumpstyle is an electronic dance style and music genre popular in Eastern Europe, as well as certain parts of Australia and the United States. The word originates from a movement of hard dance music followers, and especially those devoted to its post-2007.
Jumpstyling is often referred to as "Jumpen": a combination of the English word 'Jump' and the Dutch & German suffix '-en' (meaning "to jump" or "jumping").
Jumpstyle, originally known simply as jump, was created in Belgium and started in 1997. It was a short-lived small genre that didn't gain popularity in its original form. However, it came back to the public during the turn of the century and fandom began increasing throughout Europe after undergoing significant changes in Germany in early 2003.
After acquiring its current name, jumpstyle was reintroduced in Europe and in 2005 saw artists and groups producing and releasing its music.
The first key stage of its popularity came between 2007 and 2008 due to the success of music videos such as Scooter's 'The Question Is What Is The Question' and 'Jumping all over the World' which led to their 13th studio album reaching #1 in the UK charts.
However, there are still some radio stations left, broadcasting Jump in its traditional form. The oldest Jump radio was founded in 2005 and still exists today under the name of JumpStation.FM.
The style has also been fused with other genres, for example, Major Lazer & The Partysquad mixed a unique jumpstyle track with a jungle vocal sample in the track "Original Don" and Joel Fletcher's remix of Savage's 2005 single "Swing" which uses jumpstyle influences.
Tournaments and leagues
There are various jumpstyle leagues across the world; mostly in the form of online video submissions and internet competitions. However, in Belgium there have been staged tournaments such as the European Jump Masters.
The UK was the first to officially establish online leagues to an international level with the FIJL (First International Jumpstyle League) but unfortunately support was lacking and many competitors pulled out leaving much confusion.
On the upside this sparked several International Leagues in countries such as Australia, Russia, Germany and Spain.
Notable dancers and producers
Similar dance styles
There are numerous dance styles connected or partnered with jumpstyle; whether because of its similarities in origin (underground dances that gain notoriety online) or due to its community within the rave and hard dance scene. An example of these are Melbourne shuffle, Melbourne bounce, tecktonik (electro dance), freestep, drum & bass step, dubstep dance and tekstyle (fusion/variation).
Jumpstyle music is an offspring of tech-trance, hardstyle, gabber and mákina. Its tempo is usually between 140 and 150 BPM. However, it cannot be seen as merely a slowed down version of gabber. It is characterized by a 909 kick drum used in a four on the floor beat. It also has influences from hard house and electro house. Starting around 2012-13, jumpstyle music begins to gain influence from hardstyle sound, such as pitched basslines set at a melody, more complex, multiband distortion, and synthesizers utilizing square waveforms.
Melbourne bounce is a subgenre of jumpstyle, mainly utilising a kick drum, off-beat bass shot and a lead melody of some kind played using a synthesiser or vocal sample. Related artists include: Will Sparks, Joel Fletcher, Deorro, SCNDL, J-Trick, Harry J and Melbourne Bounce Project.
- "Jumpstyle Info". USA Jumpstyle. Retrieved 7 September 2008.
- "What Is It? Jumpstyle". XLR8R. 2008-01-29. Retrieved 2014-02-01.
- "First French Tek / Hardtechno / Jump Radio". JumpStation.FM. 2011-08-28. Retrieved 2014-02-01.
- "International Jumpstyle Leagues" (in Dutch). Jumpstylers.ru. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Over Jumpen (about Jump)" (in Dutch). Jumpisthestyle.com. Retrieved 2 November 2008.
- Christopher Kevin (October 27, 2014). "Will Sparks and Joel Fletcher on the state of the Melbourne bounce". Inthemix.
Joel Fletcher "It’s completely changed from what it was. It used to be very basic and really minimal, like what Joel said before. It works, bro, basically. It’s so different these days, but it’s still staying underground. That’s what I love about it."
- Wow (July 30, 2013). "What Is Melbourne Sound?". Stoney Roads. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
- Cirillo, Amanda (April 25, 2014). "Start Dancing to Melbourne-Born Bangers". Le Clubz. Retrieved 2014-05-22.