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Jumpsuit originally referred to the functional one-piece garments used by parachuters/skydivers, but has come to be used as a common term for any one-piece garment with sleeves and legs. This was invented by Yves Saint Laurent.
The original skydivers' jumpsuits were simple garments designed to insulate the body from the cold of high altitudes and minimize risk of covering important handles and grips. Today, however, the garment has found other use:
Pilots and drivers
Aviators and astronauts, who sometimes wear insulated, fire-retardant jumpsuits or flight suits where other types of clothing can potentially float or flap about in zero gravity or during high-G maneuvers.
Skydivers, who wear technical jumpsuits as main sport equipment for today's sport skydiving.
The jumpsuit's simple one-piece design also makes it a practical garment for tradesmen, such as cleaners, auto mechanics and plumbers, who often wear looser-fitting jumpsuits, or coveralls, where they need a better-protecting garment than an apron or bib.
The jumpsuit has sometimes been mandated as an institutional uniform, as it can be a unisex garment and can accommodate a wide range of body shapes.
- Prisons in the United States and Canada frequently use bright orange jumpsuit uniforms for inmates for ease of identification and high visibility.
- University and polytechnic students in Finland and Sweden often wear jumpsuits colored according to their school or field of study at student parties, so called student boilersuits.
- In Norway, high school students wear jumpsuits for three weeks of May as a part of the graduation ritual Russefeiring
A simple-to-launder one-piece garment can be especially convenient for parents to dress small children in. In countries with colder climates, snowsuits, or jumpsuits quilted or padded for warmth, are popular during the wintertime.
Jumpsuits have also reappeared from time to time in high fashion, where it is often attractive to designers because it has an unbroken line running from the neck to the feet and can be flattering on some body shapes.
In the UK, the word onesie has come to describe casual jumpsuits (to be used as loungewear or pyjamas).
Jumpsuits are generally regarded as a garment of convenience, as they are simpler to launder, put on and remove than an ensemble outfit. Unless the jumpsuit has a drop seat, however, it is necessary to remove it entirely for bathroom use.
In popular culture
Starting in the 1960s, the jumpsuit has made occasional appearances in common and high fashion (particularly in the 1980s). They retain connotations of the future because they have been frequently featured in popular science fiction.
Jumpsuits have often been used as stage costumes in stage productions and by various singers and bands. A black leather jumpsuit is part of Suzi Quatro's image. Elvis Presley, Mick Jagger, The Who, Freddie Mercury, Feeder, Alphaville, Goldfrapp, Aaliyah, Britney Spears, Pink, Devo, Polysics, Spice Girls, Korn and Slipknot, for example, have all performed in flamboyantly-designed jumpsuit-like garments. Catsuits, or skin-tight jumpsuits of shiny fabric, have also been popular on stage.
On the TV series, Scrubs, the character Janitor is frequently called "jumpsuit" or referred to as wearing a jumpsuit, although he frequently corrects the speaker by pointing out that he is wearing a shirt and pants, commenting, "who wears a belt with a jumpsuit?"
In the episode "Looks and Books" of the 1999–2000 TV series Freaks and Geeks, one of the main characters, Sam Weir, gets talked into buying a baby blue jumpsuit by a smooth talking shop owner, played by Joel Hodgson. The shop owner promises Sam that this "Parisian nightsuit" will make him look like a "man of distinction" and effectively a "superstud".
In the Fallout video game series, humans who live in the vault series of fallout shelters wear blue and yellow jumpsuits with the number of the particular vault on the back and the neck.
- Bonsor, Kevin; Nice, Karim. "NASCAR Fire Suits". HowStuffWorks. Retrieved 2007-12-30.
- Mahr, Krista (2007-04-29). "Finns Gone Wild: One Day Each Spring, Dignity Takes a Back Seat to Bubbly". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-03-13.
- Watson, Linda (2004). 20th Century Fashion: 100 Years of Style by Decade and Designer, in Association with Vogue. Firefly Books. ISBN 1-55297-988-1.
- List of popular culture references to Bruce Lee's yellow tracksuit
- "1320 Records".