Junagadh State

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Junagadh State
જુનાગઢ
Princely State of British India
1748–1948
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Junagadh
Map of Junagadh
History
 -  Established 1748
 -  Indian integration of Junagadh 1948
Area
 -  1921 8,643 km2 (3,337 sq mi)
Population
 -  1921 465,493 
Density 53.9 /km2  (139.5 /sq mi)
Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Junagadh was a princely state ruled by Muslim rulers in British India till its integration into the Indian Union in 1948.

History[edit]

Mohammad Bahadur Khanji I, who owed allegiance to the Sultan of Ahmedabad, founded the state of Junagadh by expelling the Mughal governor and declaring independence in 1748. Mohammad Bahadur Khanji I, who assumed the name "Zaid Khan" when he came to power in Junagadh, was the founder of the Babi dynasty. His descendants, the Babi Nawabs of Junagadh, conquered large territories in southern Saurashtra and ruled over the state for the next two centuries, first as tributaries of Marathas, and later under the suzerainty of the British.

In 1807 the Junagadh State became a British protectorate and The East India Company took control of the state by 1818 and the Saurashtra area with other princely states of Kathiawar were separately administrated under Kathiawar Agency by British India.

In 1947 upon the independence of India, the last Babi dynasty ruler of the state Mohammad Mahabat Khanji III decided to merge it into newly formed Pakistan, but the Hindu citizens who formed the majority of the population revolted, leading to several events and also a plebiscite, resulting in the integration of Junagadh in to India.[1]

Rulers[edit]

The Nawabs of Junagadh belonged to the Pathan Babi dynasty. They were granted a 13 gun salute by the British authorities:[2]

  • 1735 - 1758 : Mohammad Bahadur Khanji I[3]
  • 1758 - 1775 : Mohammad Mahabat Khanji I
  • 1775 - 1811 : Mohammad Hamid Khanji I
  • 1811 - 1840 : Mohammad Bahadur Khanji II
  • 1840 - 1851 : Mohammad Hamid Khanji II
  • 1851 - 1882 : Mohammad Mahabat Khanji II
  • 1882 - 1892 : Mohammad Bahadur Khanji III
  • 1892 - 1911 : Mohammad Rasul Khanji
  • 1911 - 1948 : Mohammad Mahabat Khanji III
Junagadh Nawabs and state officials, 19th century.
Mohammad Mahabat Khanji II, the Nawab of Junagarh, with young, Mohammad Bahadur Khanji III. 1870s.
Bahadur Khanji III (r. 1882-1892), Nawab of Junagadh, and state officials, 1880s.
Mohammad Rasul Khanji, Nawab of Junagadh, Bahaduddinbhai Hasainbhai, Wazier, Junagadh, 1890s.

One of the Junagadh family resides in ahmedabad India. the family of Valid ahad shehzada shri Sherzaman Khanji Rasul Khanji Babi bahadur who was the elder brother of last ruling Nawab sahab shri HH Nawab sahab shri Mahabat Khanji III Rasul khanji. His descendants lives in ahmedabad.The present head of the family of Valid ahad shehzada sahab is his great grand son Darbar sahab shri Shamsher Ali Khanji Hayat Khanji Babi sahab of Devgam itself an offshoot of Junagadh state and his representative is his eldest nephew Sahibzada Muzammil Hayat Khanji Anis Mohammad Khanji Babi.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gandhi, Rajmohan (1991). Patel: A Life. India: Navajivan. p. 292.
  2. ^ Junagadh Princely State (13 gun salute)
  3. ^ Nawabs of Junagadh British Library.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 21°31′N 70°28′E / 21.52°N 70.47°E / 21.52; 70.47