Junagadh State

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Junagadh State
જુનાગઢ
Princely State
1748–1948

Flag of Junagadh

Flag

Location of Junagadh
Map of Junagadh
History
 -  Established 1748
 -  Indian integration of Junagadh 1948
Area
 -  1921 8,643 km2 (3,337 sq mi)
Population
 -  1921 465,493 
Density 53.9 /km2  (139.5 /sq mi)
Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Junagadh was a princely state ruled by Muslim rulers in British India till its integration into India in 1948.

History[edit]

Mohammad Bahadur Khanji I, who owed allegiance to the Sultan of Ahmedabad, founded the state of Junagadh by expelling the Mughal governor and declaring independence in 1748. Mohammad Bahadur Khanji I, who assumed the name "Zaid Khan" when he came to power in Junagadh, was the founder of the Babi dynasty. His descendants, the Babi Nawabs of Junagadh, conquered large territories in southern Saurashtra and ruled over the state for the next two centuries, first as tributaries of Marathas, and later under the suzerainty of the British.

In 1807 the Junagadh State became a British protectorate and The East India Company took control of the state by 1818 and the Saurashtra area with other princely states of Kathiawar were separately administrated under Kathiawar Agency by British India.

In 1947 upon the independence of India, the last Babi dynasty ruler of the state Mohammad Mahabat Khanji III decided to merge it into newly formed Pakistan, but the Hindu citizens who formed the majority of the population revolted, leading to several events and also a plebiscite, resulting in the integration of Junagadh in to India.[1]

Rulers[edit]

The Nawabs of Junagadh belonged to the Pathan Babi dynasty. They were granted a 13 gun salute by the British authorities:[2]

  • 1735 - 1758 : Mohammad Bahadur Khanji I[3]
  • 1758 - 1775 : Mohammad Mahabat Khanji I
  • 1775 - 1811 : Mohammad Hamid Khanji I
  • 1811 - 1840 : Mohammad Bahadur Khanji II
  • 1840 - 1851 : Mohammad Hamid Khanji II
  • 1851 - 1882 : Mohammad Mahabat Khanji II
  • 1882 - 1892 : Mohammad Bahadur Khanji III
  • 1892 - 1911 : Mohammad Rasul Khanji
  • 1911 - 1948 : Mohammad Mahabat Khanji III
Junagadh Nawabs and state officials, 19th century.
Mohammad Mahabat Khanji II, the Nawab of Junagarh, with young, Mohammad Bahadur Khanji III. 1870s.
Bahadur Khanji III (r. 1882-1892), Nawab of Junagadh, and state officials, 1880s.
Mohammad Rasul Khanji, Nawab of Junagadh, Bahaduddinbhai Hasainbhai, Wazier, Junagadh, 1890s.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gandhi, Rajmohan (1991). Patel: A Life. India: Navajivan. p. 292.
  2. ^ Junagadh Princely State (13 gun salute)
  3. ^ Nawabs of Junagadh British Library.

Coordinates: 21°31′N 70°28′E / 21.52°N 70.47°E / 21.52; 70.47