Jundiaí

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Jundiaí
A view of downtown Jundiaí, with Serra do Japi in the background
A view of downtown Jundiaí, with Serra do Japi in the background
Flag of Jundiaí
Flag
Official seal of Jundiaí
Seal
Geographical location of Jundiai
Geographical location of Jundiai
Country Brazil
Region Southeast
State São Paulo
Government
 • Mayor Pedro Bigardi (PC do B)
Area
 • Total 431.9 km2 (166.8 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 370,126
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code 13200-000
Area code(s) +55 11
Website Jundiai

Coordinates: 23°11′11″S 46°53′03″W / 23.18639°S 46.88417°W / -23.18639; -46.88417 Jundiaí is a city and municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The population in 2010 according to the national census of the IBGE was 370,126, and the area is 433.958 km². The elevation is 761 m. Distance is 60 km north of the city of São Paulo. The GDP is 9.7 billion of dollars (20.1 billions reais). The budget for 2013 is USD 787 millions (1.63 billions reais), according to the official data of the City Hall and approved by the City Council.

History and Geography[edit]

The municipality was founded on December 14, 1655, when it was elevated to the category of village. Its first urbanization was carried out in 1657. Jundiaí has borders with Várzea Paulista, Campo Limpo Paulista, Franco da Rocha, Cajamar, Pirapora do Bom Jesus, Cabreúva, Itupeva, Louveira, Vinhedo, Itatiba and Jarinu.

The name of the town comes from the Tupi language, and it means the place of the jundiá ("fish with barbs", the Rhamdia quelen species).

Jundiaí has enjoyed a steep population growth, in large part fueled by a shift of residents from the megalopolis of São Paulo, seeking better living conditions.

Tourism[edit]

The Serra do Japi (Japi mountain range), situated southeast of the city, is a state park that has a natural reserve with one of the largest forested areas in the state of São Paulo, with beautiful landscapes and many opportunities for ecotourism, large hotel-farms and extreme sports.

The Jundiahy section is a historical area amongst the rivers Jundiai, Guapeva and Mato.It is an affluent neighborhood with fancy houses, gardens and a traditional small community business.

Sports[edit]

Paulista is the city's football (soccer) club. The team, which plays at Jayme Cintra Stadium, was the champion of Copa do Brasil 2005 (Cup of Brazil).

Transportation[edit]

The Jundiaí Airport serves the city and region for small airplanes. Jundiaí has a connection in the Jundiaí station with Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos (CPTM). It has a system of public transportation that currently costs R$ 3,00 (USD 1,45) for one way[1]. A few buses have wheelchair lifts and monitors that broadcast videos about the city and education. The lines are all connected by terminais (terminals), what makes the users' traffic faster and cheaper since there is free circulation in the terminals to the linhas alimentadoras (feeding lines), which carry the passengers from the terminals to their respective destinations[2]. Yellow and reloadable electronic cards that replace cash may be used by regular users that perform a register; students have a blue card that charges only half instead of the ticket's full price; the elderly or disabled own a grey or green card which allows free admittance.

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Cuba Havana, Cuba
Japan Iwakuni, Japan
Italy Padova, Italy
China Taian, China
United States Trenton, USA

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]