June (i// joon) is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and one of the four months with a length of 30 days. June is the month with the longest daylight hours of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and the shortest daylight hours of the year in the Southern Hemisphere. June in the Northern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent to December in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa. In the Northern hemisphere, the beginning of the meteorological summer is 21 June. In the Southern hemisphere, the beginning of the meteorological winter is 21 June.
At the start of June, the sun rises in the constellation of Taurus; at the end of June, the sun rises in the constellation of Gemini. However, due to the precession of the equinoxes, June begins with the sun in the astrological sign of Gemini, and ends with the sun in the astrological sign of Cancer.
No months start on the same day of the week of June in common or leap years. This month and May are the only two months to have this property. June ends on the same day of the week as March in all years. In all years, June starts on the same day of the week as February of the following year, in years immediately before common years, June starts the same day of the week as March and November of the following year, in years immediately before leap years, June starts on the same day of the week as August of the following year. In years immediately before common years, June ends on the same day of the week as August and November of the following year and in years immediately before leap years, June ends on the same day of the week as May of the following year. In common years, June starts on the same day of the week as September and December of the previous year while in leap years, June starts on the same day of the week as April and July of the previous year. In common years, June finishes on the same day of the week as September of the previous year while in leap years, June finishes on the same day of the week as April and December of the previous year.
Name of month and folklore
The Latin name for June is Junius. Ovid offers multiple etymologies for the name in the Fasti, a poem about the Roman calendar. The first is that the month is named after the Roman goddess Juno, the goddess of marriage and the wife of the supreme deity Jupiter; the second is that the name comes from the Latin word iuniores, meaning "younger ones", as opposed to maiores ("elders") for which the preceding month May (Maius) may be named.
In ancient Rome, the period from mid-May through mid-June was considered inauspicious for marriage. Ovid says that he consulted the Flaminica Dialis, the high priestess of Jupiter, about setting a date for his daughter's wedding, and was advised to wait till after June 15. Plutarch, however, implies that the entire month of June was more favorable for weddings than May.
In Iceland, folklore says that if you bathe naked in the morning dew on the morning of June 24, you are supposed to keep aging at bay for longer.
Events in June
- Caribbean American Heritage Month
- Festa della Repubblica Italian Republic Day is celebrated in Italy on the second of June each year. The day commemorates the institutional referendum held by universal suffrage in 1946
- Adur festival The first two weeks of June every year
- D-Day landings by Allied forces in Normandy, June 6, 1944
- Comrades Marathon in South Africa (varying dates in June).
- Gay pride celebrations take place in many countries in honour of the Stonewall riots
- The majority of the Portland Rose Festival occurs.
- The first Monday in June is one of the public holidays in the Republic of Ireland; in the Irish Calendar the month is called Meitheamh and is the middle month of the summer season. Secondary schools are off during the month (and also July and August), while June is the last month in primary schools.
- Children's Day celebrated in many eastern European countries including Portugal, Poland, Slovakia, Romania as well as China and other countries throughout the world.
- Caribbean-American Heritage Month (United States)
- Bike month in the Lower mainland in British Columbia, Canada
- Fishermen's day (first Sunday in June) celebrating the work of fishermen and those lost at sea. (Iceland)
- June is Black Music Month
- In the United States June is LGBT Pride Month.
- June is End Boss Month
- June is Around the Green month at the Golf Channel
- June is Audiobook month
- The second Sunday in June is Canadian Rivers Day.
- United Kingdom – Trooping the Colour (Military celebration of the monarch's official birthday held in London on the second Saturday of June)
- Mother's Day (in Luxembourg on the second Sunday in June)
- Father's Day (in Belgium on the second Sunday in June)(in the United States, the United Kingdom, Mexico, Venezuela, the Netherlands, Ireland and Canada on the third Sunday in June)
- Midsummer is celebrated in Finland and Sweden on the Friday between June 19 and 25.
- The solstice called the summer solstice in the northern hemisphere and the winter solstice in the southern hemisphere occurs on dates varying from 20 June to 22 June (in UTC). In the pagan wheel of the year the summer solstice is the time of Litha and the winter solstice is that of Yule.
- Madaraka Day June 1 to commemorate when Kenya gained internal self-rule
- World Environment Day June 5 to create awareness on the environmental issues
- Flag Days of Sweden (June 6), United States (June 14—see Flag Day in the United States), Denmark (June 15), Argentina (June 20), and Romania (June 26)
- Primož Trubar Day, on 8 June, a public holiday in Slovenia in commemoration of the birth of the founder of the Slovene literary language, who was according to some sources born on 8 June 1508
- Kamehameha Day, on June 11, is a state holiday in Hawaii, United States, honoring the first ruler of the one-time kingdom
- Philippine Independence Day is on June 12
- Feast of St. Anthony of Padua June 13
- Independence day (June 17) in Iceland
- Juneteenth, (a.k.a. Freedom Day or Emancipation Day) primarily in Texas June 19
- Bloomsday in Ireland and worldwide for fans of James Joyce's Ulysses is June 16
- Youth Day in South Africa June 16
- "Martyrs Day" in Eritrea June 20
- West Virginia Day in the U.S. state of West Virginia June 20
- June 21 is Go Skateboarding Day
- June 24 is National Holiday of Quebec
- Feast of the Birth of St John the Baptist (Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day in Quebec) June 24
- Statehood Day in Slovenia June 25
- Feast of St Peter and St Paul, principal patrons of the Roman Catholic Church, June 29
- June's birthstones are pearl, alexandrite and moonstone.
- The birth flower is rose.
- The zodiac signs for the month of June are Gemini (until June 21) and Cancer (June 22 onwards).
- Ovid, Fasti VI.1–88; H.H. Scullard, Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic (Cornell University Press, 1981), p. 126.
- Scullard, Festivals and Ceremonies, p. 126.
- Karen K. Hersch, The Roman Wedding: Ritual and Meaning in Antiquity (Cambridge University Press, 2010), p. 47.
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