June (manga magazine)
|Categories||fiction, essays, yaoi, shōjo, josei|
June (ジュネ?) [d͡ʑu͍ ne] was the earliest yaoi (BL) magazine, which began in 1978 as a response to the success of commercially published manga such as the works of female artists Keiko Takemiya, Moto Hagio and Yumiko Ōshima. Other factors that influenced the founding of June were the rising popularity of depictions of bishōnen in the dōjinshi market and ambiguous musicians such as David Bowie and Queen. June was meant to have an underground, "cultish, guerilla-style" feeling – most of its manga artists were new talent. Frederik L. Schodt describes June as "a kind of 'readers' magazine, created by and for the readers." Very early on, Keiko Takemiya became the editor of a section called "Manga School", which instructed readers and amateur manga authors. June magazine ceased operations in 1979, but was relaunched in 1981. Azusa Nakajima ran a contest in the magazine for readers called "Shosetsu dojo" ("Novel School") which was an important platform for aspiring writers.
June magazine was named after the French author Jean Genet, with "june" being a play on the Japanese pronunciation of his name. Digital Manga Publishing has an unrelated BL imprint which is also called June. The magazine's name became an early name for what is now the BL genre, as June published male/male tanbi 耽美 ("aesthetic") romances, stories written for and about the worship of beauty, and romance between older men and beautiful youths using particularly flowery language and unusual kanji. Essays about the characteristics of the June genre were published with the manga in June. In 1982, Shōsetsu June ("Novel June"), a sister magazine to June began publication. Its content is text-only stories with male romance.
In 1991, Sandra Buckley noted that June was increasing its coverage of gay culture in response to its gay readership, and she credits the magazine with "playing a role in the construction of a collective gay identity" in Japan. As of the mid-1990s, Shōsetsu June outsold June. In 1996, there were four June magazines - one called June, in a "large format" with many photos of youths, Roman June ("Romantic June") which contained a mix of stories and manga, intended for an older female reader, Shousetsu June, and the original manga magazine, retitled Comic June, for general fujoshi audiences. Circulation of June was 40,000 in 1998. As of 2002, June was still running, although the target audience's ages had widened and the style of stories had changed from being "soft love" to occasionally being more overtly "pornographic". The magazine is still popular. In April 2006, Koi June was launched, which published 3-4 issues per year. Creators associated with June include Tomomi Kobayashi, Kaoru Kurimoto (both as an author and as a critic), Keiko Takemiya, Mizuki Kawashita and Akimi Yoshida.
In June, stories are not required to include a "love scene".
- Ai no Kusabi (Shousetsu June)
- Fujimi Orchestra
- Kaze to Ki no Uta
- Sensitive Pornograph (Comic June Piace Series)
- Great Place High School
- Steal Moon
- Schodt, Frederik L. (1996) Dreamland Japan: Writings on Modern Manga pages 120-123
- Toku, Masami (6 June 2002) Interview with Mr. Sagawa
- Mizoguchi Akiko (2003). "Male-Male Romance by and for Women in Japan: A History and the Subgenres of Yaoi Fictions". U.S.-Japan Women’s Journal, 25: 49-75.
- "Digital Manga Names New Yaoi Imprint: A Tribute to Jean Genet".
- "Definitions From Japan: BL, Yaoi, June". aestheticism.com.
- Vincent, Keith (2007) "A Japanese Electra and Her Queer Progeny" Mechademia 2 pp.64-79
- Buckley, Sandra (1991) "'Penguin in Bondage': A Graphic Tale of Japanese Comic Books", p. 181. In Technoculture. C. Penley and A. Ross, eds. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota ISBN 0-8166-1932-8
- Demars, Anne (2008). "Les éditeurs de boys love". In Brient, Hervé. Homosexualité et manga : le yaoi. Manga: 10000 images (in French). Editions H. pp. 12–16. ISBN 978-2-9531781-0-4.