June 1913

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The following events occurred in June 1913:

June 1, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]

June 2, 1913 (Monday)[edit]

  • After President Wilson warned the public about the money being spent by lobbyists to fight tariff reform, the U.S. Senate ordered the Senate Judiciary Committee to prepare a report with "the names of all lobbyists attempting to influence such pending legislation and the methods that they have employed to accomplish their ends". Over the next six days, the 96 Senators were required to appear before a special subcommittee and to state, under oath, whether they had a financial interest in the outcome of any pending bills.[2]
  • The town of Winona Lake, Indiana, was incorporated Al Disbro, Images of America: Winona Lake (Arcadia Publishing, 2012) p61
  • Born: Barbara Pym, British novelist, as Mary Crampton, in Oswestry (d. 1980)
  • Died: Alfred Austin, 78, British Poet Laureate since 1896.

June 3, 1913 (Tuesday)[edit]

June 4, 1913 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Suffragette Emily Davison was fatally injured when she ran in front of Anmer, the racehorse owned by King George V, in the running of the Epsom Derby. Davison came from out of the stands, ducked under a railing and past police, and ran out in front of the horse, who was in last place. Herbert Jones, who was riding Anmer, was thrown and was unconscious for two hours, while Davison was trampled by the horse and never woke up.[7] She died four days later.[8]
  • The Epsom Derby was won by Aboyeur, who had 100 to 1 odds against him and had finished in second place behind the favorite, Cragonour. After Cragonour was announced as the winner, an objection was raised by race stewards, because American jockey Johnnie Reiff had bumped other horses on the way to the finish.[9]
  • Prime Minister László Lukács of Hungary and his cabinet resigned. Count István Tisza was asked by Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph to form a new cabinet.[5][10]
  • In Chicago, world heavyweight boxing champion Jack Johnson was sentenced to one year and one day in prison at Joliet, Illinois, after being found guilty of violating the Mann Act. He was also given two weeks to seek a reconsideration.[11]
  • Shoeless Joe Jackson, at that time a player for the Cleveland Indians, in a game against the New York Yankees, hit what was believed to be "the longest home run ever hit in the major leagues up to that time".[12]

June 5, 1913 (Thursday)[edit]

June 6, 1913 (Friday)[edit]

  • Prince Albert Frederick George, the 17-year-old son of King George V, and the future King George VI of the United Kingdom, made his first visit to the United States, crossing the border from Canada into Niagara Falls, New York. Prince Albert, who was in Canada with 60 cadets from the HMS Cumberland, wasn't immediately recognized in the crowd, but told reporters later that "This is my first trip to the continent and the first time I have stood under the Stars and Stripes on American soil."[14]
  • Carlo L. Golino, Italian-American scholar, in Pescara (d. 1991)

June 7, 1913 (Saturday)[edit]

June 8, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]

June 9, 1913 (Monday)[edit]

June 10, 1913 (Tuesday)[edit]

June 11, 1913 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Turkish Grand Vizier Mahmud Shevket Pasha was assassinated in Istanbul. Shefket Pasha was being driven from the Ministry of War in a car, when another car pulled alongside him and ten shots were fired. Said Halim Pasha, the Foreign Minister, was appointed as his successor.[22] Twelve "real or alleged plotters" were arrested, and hanged on June 24.[23]
  • Battle of Bud Bagsak: A combined force of U.S. Army troops, Philippine Scouts and the Philippine Constabulary, led by General John J. "Black Jack" Pershing began a five-day battle against a contingent of 500 Moro warriors, after Chiefs Naquib Amil, Jami and Sahipa sent word that they would not surrender.[24][25]
  • A record of 36 hours underwater was set by the Cage, a submarine invented by John Milton Cage, Sr., who had taken the boat down at 5:00 in the morning the day before, along with five other men.[26]
  • The German ocean liner SS Imperator, largest in the world at the time, was launched from Hamburg.[27]
  • Born: Vince Lombardi, American NFL coach, in Brooklyn (d. 1970); and Risë Stevens, American mezzosoprano, in New York City (d. 2013)

June 12, 1913 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Klaus Berntsen resigned as Prime Minister of Denmark.[5]
  • The death of 30 crewmen on a Spanish gunboat that had run aground in Morocco, at the hands of a group of rebellious Berber tribesmen, the Kabyle rebels, was revealed.[5]
  • Even as both nations were preparing to go to war with each other, Serbia and Bulgaria agreed to Russian arbitration of their dispute over the territories captured during the First Balkan War.[28]
  • Said Halim Pasha was appointed as the new Turkish Grand Vizier, serving until February 3, 1917.[29]
  • John R. Bray, an American animator, premiered the innovative cartoon The Artist's Dream, which an author would later say was "the forerunner of the cartoon vogue" as the first popular animated film.[30]
  • Billed as "the longest wooden bridge in the world", the 2.5 mile long Collins Bridge opened, turning the small town of Miami, Florida (1910 population 5,471) into a premier resort area by making Miami Beach more accessible to more tourists. Previously, the beach could only be reached from the mainland by ferry boat and was impractical as an investment.[31]

June 13, 1913 (Friday)[edit]

  • The U.S. Senate Committee on Woman Suffrage reported favorably on a proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution providing that the right to vote shall not be denied because of gender.[32]
  • Attorney Walton J. Wood began work as the first public defender in the United States, earning $200 a month as an employee of Los Angeles County, California, to represent persons who could not afford a lawyer.[33]
  • The U.S. government successfully broke up the monopoly held by gunpowder manufacturer E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (more commonly called DuPont). The corporation was split into three competing companies, DuPont (which would diversify into chemical manufacturing), Hercules Powder Company and Atlas Powder Company.[34]
  • On the same day, the DuPont Cellophane Company, owned 52 percent by DuPont, was formed in partnership with a French consortium, for the American manufacture of the new French product, transparent cellophane sheets.[35]
  • Died: Camille Lemonnier, 69, Belgian journalist and poet

June 14, 1913 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Eleven construction workers for the Bradley Contracting Company were killed in the cave-in of new subways underneath Fifty-sixth Street in New York City.[36]
  • The German battlecruiser Defflinger, first of its class and the most powerful German battleship up to that time, was launched. Moments after it was christened by the wife of General August von Mackensen, the ship moved only fifteen inches down the skids before it came to a halt, jammed because of a defect in one of the sledges.[37]
  • The South African government passed the Immigration Act, which restricted the immigration of people from India.[38]

June 15, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Battle of Bud Bagsak: Driven out by shelling from American and Philippine troops, the 500 Moro defenders, armed only with bolo knives and kampilan swords made a charge against the firepower of the Pershing contingent's artillery, and were killed. Pershing's troops sustained 27 casualties.[39] The uneven battle brought an end to the Moro resistance. Other sources describe the battle happening on June 13, with the deaths of 2,000 Moro defenders, including women and children, as well as the death of 340 American troops.[40]

June 16, 1913 (Monday)[edit]

  • Kaiser Wilhelm II celebrated the 25th anniversary of his ascension to the throne in 1888. "Twenty-five years of peace," the Kaiser told American industrialist and peace delegate Andrew Carnegie, "and I hope there will be twenty-five more".[25] Germany would enter World War One less than fourteen months later. Half a million people lined the streets of Berlin to cheer the Kaiser and the Kaiserin. The Kaiser proclaimed an amnesty for "those whose misdeeds were committed through poverty or while in a state of irresponsibility", and for Army and Navy men punished for most violations of regulations.[41]
  • Died: Della Fox, 40, American comedienne from the 80s and 90s

June 17, 1913 (Tuesday)[edit]

June 18, 1913 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • John Ernest Williamson, whose father had invented a transparent diving bell called the "photosphere", became the first person to take photographs from beneath the ocean surface, by taking a camera with him and snapping pictures while underwater inside the bell.[44]
  • The Arab Congress of 1913 opened, during which Arab nationalists meet to discuss desired reforms under the Ottoman Empire.[45]
  • The Hamburg-American ocean liner Imperator, the largest ship in the world, arrived safely in New York on its maiden transatlantic voyage.[46]
  • French Algeria's Governor-General Charles Lutaud abolished the requirement for natives to obtain travel permits within Algeria, or from Algeria to mainland France.[47]
  • Born: Sylvia Porter, American economist and journalist (d. 1991); and Robert Mondavi, American winemaker (d. 2008)
  • Died: Thomas Janvier, 63, American historian and short story writer

June 19, 1913 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The Parliament of South Africa passed the Natives Land Act, defining which areas could be owned by white South Africans, and which by black South Africans. Black South Africans were barred from purchasing or owning white persons' property.[48]
  • The British House of Commons voted, 346-268, to acquit Attorney General Rufus Isaacs and Chancellor of the Exchequer David Lloyd George on charges of malfeasance arising from ownership of shares in the Marconi Company of America.[25]
  • Thirteen people were killed in the collision of two trains near Vallejo, California.[49]
  • Italian occupying forces fought a fierce battle against the Arab residents of Libya, at Ettangi, Tripolitania.[50]
  • Maurice Prevost set a new airplane speed record, averaging 117 miles per hour in a flight of over 217 miles, in a circular course near Paris.[51]

June 20, 1913 (Friday)[edit]

June 21, 1913 (Saturday)[edit]

June 22, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Serbia's Prime Minister Nikola Pašić and his cabinet resigned because of the nation's lack of progress in negotiating with Bulgaria, after which the Serbian minister left Sofia. Pašić formed a new government when the Second Balkan War broke out days later.[25]
  • Died: Judge Henry C. Jones of Alabama, 94, the last surviving member of the Confederate States of America Congress, having served as a C.S. Representative from 1861 to 1862.

June 23, 1913 (Monday)[edit]

June 24, 1913 (Tuesday)[edit]

June 25, 1913 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Less than a month after they had fought as allies in the First Balkan War, Bulgaria and Serbia battled each other at Zletovo.[60]
  • The results of Dutch elections showed that the Liberal Party had obtained a 55-45 majority in the Chamber of Deputies.[25]
  • Germany's Reichstag passed the German Nationality Law.[61]
  • Astronomer Henry Norris Russell of Princeton University announced his discovery of a correlation between the total radiation of a star and its temperature.[62]
  • Born: Cyril Fletcher, British comedian, in Watford (d. 2005)

June 26, 1913 (Thursday)[edit]

June 27, 1913 (Friday)[edit]

June 28, 1913 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The nine-mile long Lötschberg Tunnel through the Alps, linking Switzerland and Italy, was formally opened.[25]
  • The merger of the Union Pacific Railroad and Southern Pacific Railroad was dissolved in order to settle the antitrust lawsuit brought by the U.S. Department of Justice.[25][66]
  • The United States and Japan renewed their arbitration treaty in an event attended by U.S. Secretary of State Bryan and Japanese Ambassador Chenda.[25][67]
  • Born: Franz Antel, Austrian filmmaker (d. 2007)
  • Died: Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, 72, 4th President of Brazil (1898-1902); and Wilhelm Schimmelpfennig, 73, German businessman and pioneer in commercial agency

June 29, 1913 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The Second Balkan War formally began with a surprise attack by Bulgaria on the armies of Serbia (at Slatovo) and Greece at Salonika.[68] The war would last for six weeks, ending with Bulgaria's defeat. On August 10, 1913 Bulgaria would sign a treaty at Bucharest, ceding territory to Romania, Greece and Serbia.[69]
  • In a baseball game between the Chicago Cubs and the Cincinnati Reds, only one baseball was necessary for the entire game.[70]
  • Died: Sir Samuel Gillott, 74, former Mayor of Melbourne, after falling down the stairs during a visit to his native England; and Alfred H. Love, 82, American peace activist, founder and President of the Universal Peace Union

June 30, 1913 (Monday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. A. S. Grenville, The Major International Treaties of the Twentieth Century: A History and Guide with Texts, Volume 1 (Taylor & Francis, 2001) p50
  2. ^ Richard A. Baker, 200 Notable Days: Senate Stories, 1787 To 2002 (Government Printing Office, 2006) p110
  3. ^ Julian P. Hume and Michael Walters, Extinct Birds (A&C Black, 2012) p123
  4. ^ "Rebels Take Matamoras", New York Times, June 4, 1913
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (June 1913), pp672-675
  6. ^ Nigel Simeone, Paris: A Musical Gazetteer (Yale University Press, 2000)
  7. ^ "Militant Throws King's Derby Colt", New York Times, June 5, 1913
  8. ^ "Miss Davison Dead, Hailed as Martyr", New York Times, June 9, 1913
  9. ^ "How the Derby Was Won", New York Times, June 5, 1913
  10. ^ "Tisza to Form Cabinet", New York Times, June 8, 1913
  11. ^ "Jack Johnson Gets a Prison Sentence", Milwaukee Journal, June 8, 1913
  12. ^ David L. Fleitz, Shoeless: The Life and Times of Joe Jackson (McFarland, 2001) p76
  13. ^ Carl Van Vechten and Edward Burns, The Letters of Gertrude Stein and Carl Van Vechten: 1913-1946 (Columbia University Press, 1986) p16
  14. ^ "British Prince at Niagara", New York Times, June 7, 1913
  15. ^ Walter R. Borneman, Alaska: Saga of a Bold Land (HarperCollins, 2004) p229
  16. ^ "19 United Miners Indicted as Trust", New York Times, June 7, 1913
  17. ^ "Palisade Pool Opened", New York Times, June 8, 1913
  18. ^ "30,000 to March in Stadium Parade", New York Times, June 8, 1913
  19. ^ "Berlin 1916", in Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement, John E. Findling and Kimberly D. Pelle, eds. (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004) p66
  20. ^ Donald E. Moggridge, Maynard Keynes: An Economist's Biography (Routledge, 1995) p224
  21. ^ "Helen Kellar Has Rival in Graduate of Badger School", Milwaukee Journal, June 5, 1913, p1
  22. ^ "Grand Vizier Slain by Assassins", New York Times, June 12, 1913
  23. ^ Andrew Mango, Ataturk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey (Penguin, 2002) p ii
  24. ^ "Americans Take Moro Fort", New York Times, June 13, 1913
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (July 1913), pp36-39
  26. ^ "New Submarine Down 36 Hours", New York Times, June 12, 1913
  27. ^ Niall Ferguson, Paper and Iron: Hamburg Business and German Politics in the Era of Inflation, 1897-1927 (Cambridge University Press, 2002) p31
  28. ^ "Allies Accept Arbitration", New York Times, June 13, 1913
  29. ^ "Sait Halim Pasha (1863-1921), in Historical Dictionary of Turkey, Metin Heper and Nur Bilge Criss (Scarecrow Press, 2009) p266
  30. ^ "The History of the Animated Cartoon", by Earl Theisen, Journal of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers (September 1933), reprinted in A Technological History of Motion Pictures and Television (University of California Press, 1967) p85
  31. ^ Abraham D. Lavender, Miami Beach in 1920: The Making of a Winter Resort (Arcadia Publishing, 2002) p26
  32. ^ "Senators Favor Woman Suffrage", New York Times, June 14, 1913
  33. ^ Arline Inge, A Marmac Guide to Los Angeles And Northern Orange County (Pelican Publishing, 2007) p305
  34. ^ Fred Aftalion, History of the International Chemical Industry: From the "Early Days" to 2000 (Chemical Heritage Foundation, 2001) p57
  35. ^ David A. Hounshell and John Kenly Smith, Science and Corporate Strategy: Du Pont R&D, 1902-1980 (Cambridge University Press, 1988) p172
  36. ^ "Falling Rock Crushes 13 Men in Subway Cut, New York Times, June 15, 1913
  37. ^ Gary Staff, German Battlecruisers 1914-18 (Osprey Publishing, 2006)
  38. ^ Martin Collier and Bill Marriott, Colonisation and Conflict 1750-1990 (Heinemann, 2002)
  39. ^ "Bud Bagsak (Philippines), Battle of", in Spanish-American & Philippine-American Wars, Jerry Keenan, ed. (ABC-CLIO, 2001) pp52-53
  40. ^ E. San Juan, Jr., Working Through the Contradictions: From Culture Theory to Critical Practice (Bucknell University Press, 2004) p47
  41. ^ "Reveals a Secret of Kaiser's Reign", New York Times, June 17, 1913
  42. ^ "Dutch Election Is Close", New York Times, June 22, 1913
  43. ^ "Again Pass Welsh Church Bill", New York Times, June 18, 1913
  44. ^ Palle B. Petterson, Cameras Into the Wild: A History of Early Wildlife and Expedition Filmmaking, 1895-1928 (McFarland, 2011) p135
  45. ^ "The First Arab Congress and the Committee of Union and Progress, 1913-1914", by David S. Thomas, in Essays on Islamic Civilization (Brill, 1976) p319
  46. ^ Imperator, Biggest of Liners, in Port", New York Times, June 19, 1913
  47. ^ Clifford D. Rosenberg, Policing Paris: The Origins of Modern Immigration Control Between the Wars (Cornell University Press, 2006) p139
  48. ^ Robert A. Simons, et al., Indigenous Peoples And Real Estate Valuation (Springer, 2008) p178; Lauren Segal and Sharon Cort, One Law, One Nation: The Making of the South African Constitution (Jacana Media, 2012)
  49. ^ "Collision Kills Thirteen", New York Times, June 20, 1913
  50. ^ "Italians Rout Arabs", New York Times, June 21, 1913
  51. ^ "Flies 117 Miles an Hour", New York Times, June 20, 1913
  52. ^ "Australian Cabinet Resigns", New York Times, June 21, 1913
  53. ^ Frank Crowley, Big John Forrest: 1847-1918 (University of Western Australia Publishing, 2000) p429
  54. ^ Călin Hentea, Brief Romanian Military History (Scarecrow Press, 2007 p118
  55. ^ Elizabeth Whitley Roberson, Tiny Broadwick: The First Lady of Parachuting (Pelican Publishing, 2001) p48; Thomas C. Parramore, First to Fly: North Carolina & the Beginnings of Aviation (University of North Carolina Press, 2003) p181
  56. ^ "Zahle Forms Danish Cabinet", New York Times, June 22, 1913
  57. ^ "Currency Message by Wilson To-Day", New York Times, June 23, 1913
  58. ^ Josephus Daniels, The Life Of Woodrow Wilson 1856-1924 (Universal Book and Bible House, 1924, reprinted by Kessinger Publishing, 2004) p167
  59. ^ "4 Dead, 60 Hurt As Grain Blows Up", New York Times, June 25, 1913
  60. ^ "Servians Defeat Bulgars in Battle", New York Times, June 26, 1913
  61. ^ Kari Palonen, et al., The Ashgate Research Companion to the Politics of Democratization in Europe: Concepts and Histories (Ashgate Publishing, 2008) p240
  62. ^ Simon Mitton, Fred Hoyle: A Life in Science (Cambridge University Press, 2011) p101
  63. ^ "Notes: Johnson looking for chance", by Jim Street, MLB.com, September 26, 2007
  64. ^ LA Almanac.com
  65. ^ "Duke of Sutherland Dead", New York Times, June 27, 1913
  66. ^ "Plan to Dissolve Pacifics Approved", New York Times, June 29, 1913
  67. ^ "Extend Japanese Treaty", New York Times, June 29, 1913
  68. ^ Andre Gerolymatos, The Balkan Wars (Basic Books, 2008) p228
  69. ^ Sneh Mahajan, British Foreign Policy: 1874-1914 (Routledge, 2002) p181 ; Richard C. Hall, Balkan Wars 1912-1913: Prelude to the First World War (Routledge, 2000) p1
  70. ^ Steve Riach, Amazing but True Sports Stories (Hallmark Cards, Inc., 2004) p52
  71. ^ "Eleven Boys Drowned", New York Times, July 1, 1913
  72. ^ "Frederick M. Shepard Dies", New York Times, July 1, 1913