Jungang Line

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For other uses, see Jungang Line (disambiguation).
중앙선
Jungang Line
Overview
Type Passenger/freight rail
Termini Cheongnyangni
Gyeongju
Stations 82
Operation
Opening 1942
Owner Korea Rail Network Authority
Operator(s) Korail
Technical
Line length 387.2 km
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 218.8 km
25 kV/60 Hz catenary
Route map
Korean-National-Railroad-JungAng-line.png

The Jungang Line (literally Central Line) is a rail line of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway from Yongsan Station to Yongmun Station, defined by Korail as "subway".[1] This is despite the line being overground because the term "subway" in South Korea is synonymous with metro.[2] It also refers to the railway line connecting Cheongnyangni in Seoul to Gyeongju in South Korea, traversing central South Korea from the northwest to the southeast.

History[edit]

The Jungang Line was opened along its full length between Cheongnyangni and Gyeongju on April 1, 1942.[3] Jungang means "central" in Korean, and describes the line's route through the mountains in the east-central part of South Korea. When Korea was under Japanese rule, the line was briefly known as Gyeonggyeong Line, referring to line running between Seoul and Gyeongju. The name of the line was changed back to its present name after the end of World War II.

Following the 1961 coup, the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction started South Korea's first five-year plan, which included a construction program to complete the railway network, to foster economic growth.[4] As part of the program, in the outskirts of Seoul, a 4.9 km (3.0 mi) long avoiding line was built from Mangu to Seongbuk on the Gyeongwon Line, called the Mangu Line, which opened on December 30, 1963.[4]

Upgrade[edit]

A part of the line was the first to be electrified with the 25 kV/60 Hz AC catenary system in South Korea: the catenary on the 155.2 km long Cheongnyangri–Jecheon section went into service on June 20, 1973.[5] The 29.0 km long extension to Danseong followed on December 30, 1987, finally the 35.0 km long extension to Yeongju on December 23, 1988.[5]

The entire line is foreseen for electrification and double-tracking.[6]

Cheongnyangri–Wonju[edit]

The double-tracking of the 18.0 km long section from the terminus Cheongnyangri to Deokso was finished first on December 16, 2005.[5] The upgrade of the Deokso–Wonju section is more extensive, with significant re-alignments[7] to enable a line speed of 150 km/h.[8][9] Work started in mid-2001 with a planned budget of 1,700 billion won.[9] The first 5.7 km to Paldang was opened on December 27, 2007,[5] the next 15.9 km to Guksu on December 29, 2008,[5] and another 19.7 km to Yongmun on December 23, 2009.[7] Construction is under way on the rest of the line to Wonju, and is to be completed in 2012.[6][7] The total budget of the 90.4 km long upgrade project is 2,036.847 billion won.[7]

On September 1, 2010, the South Korean government announced a strategic plan to reduce travel times from Seoul to 95% of the country to under 2 hours by 2020. As part of the plan, the Cheongnyangri–Wonju section of the Jungang Line is to be further upgraded for 230 km/h.[10]

Wonju-Jecheon[edit]

Across Wonju and between Wonju and Bongyang, the double-track line is to run in a new alignment, most of which will be the 25,080 metre long Musil Tunnel.[6][11] Works on the tunnel are slated to commence in June 2011, for a planned start of service on the Wonju-Jecheon section in 2018. The new line will reduce line distance by 5.5 km and cut travel time by 20 minutes.[6] The project budget for the entire 41.1 km Wonju-Jecheon section is 1,140.061 billion won.[12] Plans for the double-tracking of the section from Bongyang, the terminus of the Chungbuk Line, to Jecheon, have been prepared separately.[13]

Under the government's 2010 strategic plan for 2020, the new alignment in the Wonju–Bongyang section would be laid out for 250 km/h, the rest to Jecheon would be upgraded for 230 km/h.[10]

Jecheon-Gyeongju[edit]

The Jecheon-Dodam section,[14][15] 17.4 km in length, is in construction with a budget of 320.024 billion won for a targeted opening in 2011, and is primarily intended to improve capacity for freight transports to a cement factory.[16] The upgrading of the rest of the line is in the stage of the preparation of feasibility studies.[6] Under the government's 2010 strategic plan for 2020, this section would be laid out for 250 km/h.[10]

Stations[edit]

Major stations along the line include:

Services[edit]

Before the KTX era, trans-Korean Tongil-ho trains were in operation on the Jungang and Donghae Nambu Lines, providing a 12-hour train journey from Seoul to Busan.

The entire line is served by cross-country Mugunghwa-ho trains, which are most frequent until Jecheon, where many trains continue east on the Taebaek Line. As of October 2010, the travel time from Cheongnyangni in Seoul is a minimum of 1 hour 18 minutes to Wonju, 2 hours 2 minutes to Jecheon, around 3 hours to Yeongju, 5 hours 22 minutes to Yeongcheon, and 6 hours 8 minutes to Gyeongju. Some trains continue to Bujeon Station in Busan, with a total travel time of 8 hours by day and 20 minutes shorter by night.[17]

Under the 2010 strategic plan of the government for 2020, once upgraded for higher speeds, the Jungang Line may see KTX service.[10]

Seoul Metropolitan Subway[edit]

Jungang Line / Line K1
중앙선(中央線)
Jungangseon
South Korea subway logo.svg
Ungilsan Station in Jungang Line.jpg
Statistics
Type Commuter rail
System Seoul Metropolitan Subway
Status Operational
Termini Yongsan
Yongmun
No. of stations 28
Operation
Opened 16 December 2005
Operator(s) Korail
Technical
Line length 72.6 km (45.1 mi)
No. of tracks 2

Commuter rail service was launched on Jungang line, fully integrated with the Seoul Metropolitan Subway, as the upgrading of the line progressed.[8][9] The service started on December 16, 2005, connecting parts of the Gyeongwon Line (from Yongsan to Hoegi Station) and the Jungang Line (from Hoegi to Deokso) under the interim name Yongsan-Deokso Line. The extension to Paldang Station on December 27, 2007 also brought the official renaming of the service to Jungang Line, although the line actually incorporates parts of both Gyeongwon and Jungang Lines. In December 2008, the service was extended to Guksu Station, and an express train service was launched, operating twice a day during morning commuting hours. The express trains run westward only, from Yangpyeong to Yongsan.

The current eastern terminus is Yongmun Station in Yangpyeong County as of December 23, 2009,[7] but the line will be extended Seowonju station in September 2012, while the western terminus is currently Yongsan Station, though when the Gyeongui Line extension is completed into Yongsan in 2014[18] the two lines will be combined and trains will run through to Munsan Station near the North Korean border.

Stations[edit]

Station
Number
Station Name
English
Station Name
Hangul
Station Name
Hanja
Transfer
Distance
in km
Total
Distance
Location
K110
Yongsan 용산 Line 1 KTX
Gyeongui (2014)
Shinbundang (2018)
---
0.0
Seoul
Yongsan-gu
K111
Ichon 이촌 Line 4
Shinbundang (2018)
1.9
1.9
K112
Seobinggo 서빙고 西
1.7
3.6
K113
Hannam 한남
1.9
5.5
K114
Oksu 옥수 Line 3
1.6
7.1
Seongdong-gu
K115
Eungbong 응봉
1.8
8.9
K116
Wangsimni 왕십리 Line 2 Line 5 Bundang
1.4
10.3
K117
Cheongnyangni 청량리 Line 1
2.4
12.7
Dongdaemun-gu
K118
Hoegi 회기 Line 1
1.4
14.1
K119
Jungnang 중랑
1.8
15.9
Jungnang-gu
K120
Sangbong 상봉 Line 7 Gyeongchun
0.8
16.7
K121
Mangu 망우 Gyeongchun
0.6
17.3
K122
Yangwon 양원
1.7
19.0
K123
Guri 구리 Line 8 (2017)
3.2
22.2
Gyeonggi-do
Guri-si
K124
Donong 도농
1.7
23.9
Namyangju-si
K125
Yangjeong 양정
3.7
27.6
K126
Deokso 덕소
2.3
29.9
K127
Dosim 도심
1.5
31.4
K128
Paldang 팔당
4.2
35.6
K129
Ungilsan 운길산
6.4
42.0
K130
Yangsu 양수
1.9
43.9
Yangpyeong-gun
K131
Sinwon 신원
4.7
48.6
K132
Guksu 국수
2.9
51.5
K133
Asin 아신
4.1
55.6
K134
Obin 오빈
2.8
58.4
K135
Yangpyeong 양평
2.5
60.9
K136
Wondeok 원덕
6.1
67.0
K137
Yongmun 용문
5.6
72.6

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Retainment condition and lines in service". Korail. 2007. Retrieved 2014-03-02. 
  2. ^ http://dic.naver.com/search.nhn?dicQuery=%EC%A0%84%EC%B2%A0&x=0&y=0&query=%EC%A0%84%EC%B2%A0&target=dic&ie=utf8&query_utf=&isOnlyViewEE=
  3. ^ "경영원칙 > 경영공시 > 영업현황 > 영업거리현황". Korail. Retrieved 2010-12-01. 
  4. ^ a b "철마 110년, 영고의 자취 [12] 경제개발과 철도" (in Korean). Silvernet News. 2010-03-20. Retrieved 2010-12-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Electricity Almanac 2009". Korea Electric Association. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "원주~제천 중앙선 복선전철 2011년 6월 착공" (in Korean). Yahoo!. 2010-09-09. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "덕소∼원주 복선전철". Korea Rail Network Authority. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  8. ^ a b "Korea's railways face a bright future". International Railway Journal. 2008-07-01. Archived from the original on 2008-07-02. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  9. ^ a b c "South Korea's growing network". Railway Gazette International. 2008-09-08. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Bullet trains coming to a town near you by 2020". JoongAng Daily. 2010-09-02. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  11. ^ "Feasibility study and basic plan of Jungang Line for dluble track between Wonju and Jecheon". Chunsuk Engineering. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  12. ^ "원주∼제천 복선전철". Korea Rail Network Authority. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  13. ^ "Basic and detailed design of roadbed for electrified double track on Jungang Line (Bongyang~Jecheon)". Chunsuk Engineering. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  14. ^ "Basic design of railway construction for double track on Jungang Line (Jecheon~Dodam)". Chunsuk Engineering. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  15. ^ "Design/Construction Package of Jungang Double Track Line (Jecheon - Dodam)". Sambo Engineering. Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  16. ^ "제천∼도담 복선전철 (노반,궤도 턴키공사)". Korea Rail Network Authority. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  17. ^ "Booking". Korail. Retrieved 2010-10-28. 
  18. ^ "[수도권II] "경의선 효창정거장 부지 220m 때문에…"" ((Korean Language)). Chosun. 2011-08-25. Retrieved 15 July 2012. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Jungang Line at Wikimedia Commons