Jungian Type Index
The Jungian Type Index (JTI) is an alternative to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Introduced by Optimas in 2001, the JTI was developed over a 10-year period in Norway by psychologists Thor Ødegård and Hallvard E: Ringstad. The JTI was designed to help capture individuals' preferred usage of the psychological functions identified by Carl Jung in his book Psychological Types, such as thinking vs feeling and sensing vs intuition.
The JTI's questions and methodology for identifying the preferred functions differs from the MBTI. For example it eliminates word pairs, which can be troublesome to translate from English into other languages. (In many languages, the sentence context frames the meaning of a word, while in English the words themselves may denote more meaning.)
The JTI has almost completely replaced the MBTI in Denmark, since the main Danish re-seller, Center for Ledelse, stopped licensing the MBTI at the end of 2004. Instead it licenses the JTI, which is asserted to be a qualitative improvement over the MBTI. As an emerging product, the JTI is also cheaper to license. In Norway and Sweden, the JTI is also gaining users, in conjunction with other tools that complement the JTI for career development and coaching.
 Critical points
The JTI utilizes the P/J dichotomy as a means to differ between a given type's dominant and auxiliary function, a technique that was developed by Myers and Briggs, and used by most Jungian practitioners in understanding type dynamics. This is especially critical as the authors do not credit Myers in their list of references, all while relying on her contribution.
 See also
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