Juniperus recurva

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Juniperus recurva
Juniperus recurva.jpg
Foliage on a cultivated plant in Britain
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Cupressaceae
Genus: Juniperus
Species: J. recurva
Binomial name
Juniperus recurva
Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don

Juniperus recurva, commonly named the Drooping Juniper, is a juniper native to the Himalaya, from northern Pakistan east to western Yunnan in southwestern China. It grows at 3,000-4,000 m altitude.

Description[edit]

Juniperus recurva is a large shrub or tree reaching 6-20 m tall (rarely 25 m), with a trunk up to 2 m diameter and a broadly conical to rounded or irregular crown. The leaves are needle-like, 5-10 mm long, arranged in six ranks in alternating whorls of three.

The cones are berry-like, globose to ovoid, 5-10 mm long and 4-7 mm diameter, glossy blue-black, and contain one seed; they are mature in about 18 months. The male cones are 3-4 mm long, and shed their pollen in early spring. It is largely monoecious with pollen and seed cones produced on the same plants.

Varieties[edit]

There are two varieties, treated as distinct species by some botanists:

  • Juniperus recurva var. recurva - leaves mostly 5-8 mm. Throughout the range.
  • Juniperus recurva var. coxii - leaves mostly 7-10 mm. Confined to the eastern Himalaya on high rainfall sites.

Cultivation[edit]

Juniperus recurva is planted as an ornamental tree in western Europe, valued for its drooping foliage, particularly pendulous in the cultivar 'Castlewellan'.

References[edit]

External links[edit]