Juno (film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the 2007 film. For other uses, see Juno.
Juno
Junoposter2007.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Jason Reitman
Produced by Lianne Halfon
John Malkovich
Mason Novick
Russell Smith
Written by Diablo Cody
Starring Ellen Page
Michael Cera
Jennifer Garner
Jason Bateman
Allison Janney
J. K. Simmons
Music by Mateo Messina
Cinematography Eric Steelberg
Edited by Dana E. Glauberman
Production
company
Distributed by Fox Searchlight Pictures
Release dates
  • September 1, 2007 (2007-09-01) (Telluride)
  • December 5, 2007 (2007-12-05)
Running time 96 minutes
Country Canada
United States
Language English
Budget $6.5[1]–$7 million[2]
Box office $231,411,584[3]

Juno is a 2007 Canadian-American comedy-drama film directed by Jason Reitman and written by Diablo Cody. Ellen Page stars as the title character, an independent-minded teenager confronting an unplanned pregnancy and the subsequent events that put pressures of adult life onto her. Michael Cera, Jennifer Garner, Jason Bateman, Allison Janney, and J. K. Simmons also star. Filming spanned from early February to March 2007 in Vancouver, British Columbia. It premiered on September 8 at the 2007 Toronto International Film Festival, receiving a standing ovation.

Juno won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay and earned three other Oscar nominations, including Best Picture and Best Actress for Page. The film's soundtrack, featuring several songs performed by Kimya Dawson in various guises, was the first chart-topping soundtrack since Dreamgirls and 20th Century Fox's first number one soundtrack since Titanic. Juno earned back its initial budget of $6.5 million in twenty days, the first nineteen of which were when the film was in limited release.[4] It went on to earn $231 million. Juno received positive reviews from critics, many of whom placed the film on their top ten lists for the year. It has received criticism and praise from members of both the pro-life and pro-choice communities regarding its treatment of abortion.

Plot

Sixteen-year-old Minnesota high-schooler Juno MacGuff (Ellen Page) discovers she is pregnant with a child fathered by her friend and longtime admirer, Paulie Bleeker (Michael Cera). She initially considers an abortion. Going to a local clinic run by a women's group, she encounters outside a schoolmate who is holding a rather pathetic one-person pro-life vigil. Once inside, however, Juno is alienated by the clinic staff's authoritarian and bureaucratic attitudes. She is particularly offended by their calling her "sexually active", a term which she feels demeans the highly emotional event by which she became pregnant. All of this decides her against abortion, and she decides to give the baby up for adoption. With the help of her friend Leah (Olivia Thirlby), Juno searches the ads in the Pennysaver and finds a couple she feels will provide a suitable home. She tells her parents, Mac (J.K. Simmons) and stepmother, Bren (Allison Janney), who offer their support. With Mac, Juno meets the couple, Mark and Vanessa Loring (Jason Bateman and Jennifer Garner), in their expensive home and agrees to a closed adoption.

Juno visits Mark a few times, with whom she shares tastes in punk rock and horror films. Mark, who has set aside his rock band youth (now confined to memorabilia displayed in the one room of the house that Vanessa has designated for Mark's personal belongings), works at home composing commercial jingles. Juno and Leah happen to see Vanessa in a shopping mall being completely at ease with a child, and Juno encourages Vanessa to talk to her baby in the womb, where it obligingly kicks for her.

As the pregnancy progresses, Juno struggles with the emotions she feels for the baby's father, Paulie, who is clearly in love with Juno. Juno maintains an outwardly indifferent attitude toward Paulie, but when she learns he has asked another girl to the upcoming prom, she angrily confronts him. Paulie reminds Juno that it is at her request they remain distant and tells her that she broke his heart.

Not long before her baby is due, Juno is again visiting Mark when their interaction becomes emotional. Mark then tells her he will be leaving Vanessa. Juno is horrified by this revelation, with Mark asking Juno "How do you think of me?" Vanessa arrives home, and Mark tells her he does not feel ready to be a father and there are still things he wants to do first. Juno watches the Loring marriage fall apart, then drives away and breaks down in tears by the side of the road. Returning to the Lorings' home, she leaves a note and disappears as they answer the door.

After a heartfelt discussion with Mac, Juno accepts that she loves Paulie. Juno then tells Paulie she loves him, and Paulie's actions make it clear her feelings are very much reciprocated. Not long after, Juno goes into labor and is rushed to the hospital, where she gives birth to a baby boy. She had deliberately not told Paulie because of his track meet. Seeing her missing from the stands, Paulie rushes to the hospital, finds Juno has given birth to their son, and comforts Juno as she cries. Vanessa comes to the hospital where she joyfully claims the newborn boy as a single adoptive mother. On the wall in the baby's new nursery, Vanessa has framed Juno's note, which reads: "Vanessa: If you're still in, I'm still in. —Juno." The film ends in the summertime with Juno and Paulie playing guitar and singing together, followed by a kiss.

Cast

Themes

"You can look at it as a film that celebrates life and celebrates childbirth, or you can look at it as a film about a liberated young girl who makes a choice to continue being liberated. Or you can look at it as some kind of twisted love story, you know, a meditation on maturity."

Diablo Cody

Along with Knocked Up and Waitress, two other 2007 films about women facing unplanned pregnancies, Juno was interpreted by some critics as having a pro-life theme. Ann Hulbert of Slate magazine believed that Juno "[undercut] both pro-life and pro-choice purism."[5] Jeff Dawson of The Sunday Times believed that the film was inevitably placed in the "unwanted pregnancy sub-genre" with Knocked Up and Waitress due to its subject matter but thought that its interpretation as a pro-life film only "muddied the waters".[6] Hadley Freeman of The Guardian criticized Juno for "complet[ing] a hat-trick of American comedies in the past 12 months that present abortion as unreasonable, or even unthinkable—a telling social sign", though she noted, "I don't believe any of these films is consciously designed to be anti-abortion propaganda."[7] A. O. Scott, writing for The New York Times, agreed that Juno has "an underlying theme, a message that is not anti-abortion but rather pro-adulthood".[8] Ellen Page commented, "What I get most frustrated at is when people call it a pro-life movie, which is just absurd... The most important thing is the choice is there, and the film completely demonstrates that."[9] Cody and Page have openly stated that they are pro-choice;[10][11] Reitman thought that it was "fantastic" that pro-life and pro-choice groups were embracing the film.[12] He said that "Juno seems to be a mirror, and people [on both sides] see themselves in it".[13]

Other critics labeled Juno as feminist because of its portrayal of Juno as a confident and intelligent teenage girl. Antifeminist Phyllis Schlafly wrote that Juno '​s theme "isn't love, romance, or respect for life, but the triumph of feminist ideology, i.e., the irrelevancy of men, especially fathers".[14] Wesley Morris of The Boston Globe concluded "Juno serves cool, intelligent girls something they rarely see in a movie: themselves".[15] Cody said about writing the film, "Women are clever, women are funny, women are sharp, and I wanted to show that these girls were human and not the stereotypical teenage girls that we often see in the media"[16] and "There was a lack of authentic teen girl characters ... I saw writing this screenplay as an opportunity to create an iconic female."[1] Page praised the film for its positive depiction of teenage girls, describing Juno's character as "really refreshing and allow[ing] for new possibilities in what young women can be"[9] and "honest but original, completely devoid of stereotype",[16] while also highlighting that "Girls haven't had that sort of character before. We don't have our Catcher in the Rye".[1] She criticized the media perception of her character as a "strong woman", arguing that if Juno were a male character, the "strength" of the character would not be considered remarkable.[17] Reitman was interested in the personal/political conflict for Vanessa's character: "Feminism has paved the way for Vanessa’s career, but ultimately Vanessa wants to be a full time mother."[18]

Production

Development

Diablo Cody wrote the film based on many of her own high school experiences.

Diablo Cody was first approached to write a screenplay by film producer Mason Novick, who had previously landed her a book deal for her memoir, Candy Girl: A Year in the Life of an Unlikely Stripper, after discovering her blog about stripping.[19] He persuaded her to adapt the book for the screen, but suggested that she first write a screenwriting sample to show studios; that sample became Juno.[19] After deciding on an adoption storyline, Cody collected the stories of adoptees, birth parents and adoptive parents, including that of her then husband, an adoptee who reunited with his birth parents after she wrote the film.[20] She also found inspiration in the story of a close friend who had become pregnant in high school and used some details from her friend's experience in the film, such as mistreatment from an ultrasound technician.[6][21] Much of Juno, however, was based on Cody's own high school experiences: She dated a tic-tac-loving boy similar to Paulie,[22] she was best friends with a cheerleader like Leah, and she used a hamburger phone identical to the one that appears in the film.[19] After writing the screenplay over seven weeks in the Starbucks section of a Target store in Crystal, Minnesota,[23] Cody compared writing to breathing, seeing Juno as an extension of herself.[10]

Novick sent Cody's screenplay to his friend Jason Reitman; by the time Reitman had read halfway through the script, he felt that if he did not direct the film, he would regret it for the rest of his life.[12] Initially, Reitman found it difficult to acquire the script, because his first film, Thank You for Smoking, had not been released yet, so he did not have any feature film credits.[24] Other directors, including Jon Poll,[25] were considered, but Reitman was chosen and he interrupted work on his own spec script in order to direct Juno.[26] Cody says she had a cynical attitude when writing Juno ("I didn't ever think this film would be produced")[1] and, indeed, the film was delayed by financial problems.[27] After its controversial nature scared off a number of major studios, John Malkovich's production company, Mr. Mudd, took on the project.[1] It was later brought to production company Mandate Pictures by co-producer Jim Miller.[28]

Casting

Jason Reitman pictured Ellen Page as Juno when he first read the script.

Having admired her performance in Hard Candy, Reitman cast Ellen Page in the lead role, saying that when he read the screenplay for the first time he pictured her as Juno. He visited her on the set of a film on which she was working to offer her the role.[29] He also handed the script to J.K. Simmons, who had featured in his previous film, Thank You for Smoking, not telling him that he intended Simmons to play Mac. Simmons says that, after reading the script, he would have been happy to play even the high school teacher who has no speaking lines.[30] Other cast members Reitman had "in mind right from the start" were Olivia Thirlby—who had originally unsuccessfully auditioned for the role of Juno—and Michael Cera.[31] He took them with Page and Simmons to a Panavision stage in California and shot 45 pages of the script on 35 mm film against a black backdrop. He presented this footage to Fox Searchlight as the initial cast.[32] Reitman highlighted the importance of doing a screen test instead of individual auditions, saying: "This is a movie that’s all about relationships and the idea of auditioning people outside of each other, one-on-one with the casting director, didn’t make sense."[32]

Jennifer Garner, who accepted a lower salary than usual to prevent the film from exceeding its budget,[33] was confirmed by Reitman to have signed onto the project in January 2007.[34] After working with Jason Bateman on The Kingdom, Garner recommended him to Reitman when they first met; Bateman was cast as Mark,[12] the last cast member to be signed.[35] Lucas McFadden, better known as Cut Chemist, a DJ and record producer, makes a cameo appearance as Juno and Paulie's chemistry teacher. McFadden was doing scoring work for Reitman when he received the Juno screenplay and asked McFadden to appear in the film;[36] Reitman thought that it was "perfect irony" for the chemistry teacher to be played by Cut Chemist.[37]

Filming

Eric Hamber Secondary School stood in for the fictional Dancing Elk High School.

Shooting on a budget of US$6.5 million,[1] Juno was filmed in and around Vancouver, British Columbia,[38] standing in for Minnesota, where production was originally intended to take place.[39] Although films commonly use a Canada-as-America location shift for budgetary reasons,[40] Reitman insists the choice of filming location was instead at his request.[38] Filming locations included a house in nearby White Rock as Mark and Vanessa's home, Eric Hamber Secondary School as Dancing Elk High School,[41] and South Surrey's Athletic Park track as Dancing Elk High School's athletics track.[42]

After minimal rehearsal,[43] filming spanned from early February across to March 2007[44] on a six-week schedule,[38] of which 30 days were designated to filming.[42] The crew was planning to import snow for the film's winter events,[42] but it snowed on location, and they were able to re-schedule filming to shoot the winter scenes during snowfall, which second assistant director Josy Capkun says resulted in much wider snow shots than originally planned.[38] Although the film was shot out of sequence,[38] the final scene was scheduled for the final day and, after a long period of rain, the crew was intending to shut down production and resume months later to shoot the scene, set in summer. However, the rain stopped and they were able to shoot the scene in the sun.[42] That final scene depicted Juno and Paulie singing The Moldy Peaches' "Anyone Else but You", and band member Kimya Dawson visited the set to speak to Ellen Page and Michael Cera while they were practicing the song.[17]

Music

The movie features several songs performed by Kimya Dawson in her solo, Antsy Pants and The Moldy Peaches guises. This was due to a suggestion by lead actress Ellen Page.[45] Director Jason Reitman explains:

"At one point, I asked Ellen Page before we started shooting, ‘[W]hat do you think Juno listens to?’ And she said [‘The Moldy Peaches.'] She went on my computer, played the songs, and I fell in love with it. Diablo and I discussed putting a Moldy Peaches song in it where the characters would sing to each other. I got in touch with Kimya Dawson of The Moldy Peaches[,] and she started sending me her work, which was beautiful, and that became a lot of the soundtrack."[46]

Kimya Dawson provided both solo songs and songs from two of her former bands.

Reitman contacted Dawson, and, after reading the film's screenplay, she agreed for her songs to be used in the film, sending him a packet of CDs containing about 120 songs. The songs were almost entirely self-published by Dawson,[12] who says she wrote nothing specifically for Juno and that all the songs had been performed and recorded before she was contacted to work on the film.[47] Reitman asked her to additionally re-record instrumentals, which included humming over the lyrics of some of her songs.[48] He also contacted composer Mateo Messina, with whom he had previously worked on Thank You for Smoking, to compose the film's incidental score.[48] He gave Messina a collection of Dawson's songs and asked him to create "the sound of the film" through an instrumental score that replicated the recording quality, tone, feel and innocence of her music.[48] Messina decided to implement an "acoustic guitar feel that was jangled and was really loose, like Juno."[49] Experimenting with different guitars, he ended up using "Stella," a second-hand guitar belonging to guitarist Billy Katz that he described as "kind of tinny, not perfectly in tune, but [it] has all kinds of character." Katz was hired to perform acoustic and classical guitar for the movie's score, using "Stella" extensively throughout.[49]

Page also suggested Cat Power's cover of the song "Sea of Love", which Reitman was hesitant to include as it had already been featured in the 1989 film Sea of Love; however, he decided that its inclusion would mark a "new take" on the film's cinematic references.[48] Initially, Reitman had conceived of Juno being a fan of glam rock, but rejected it as too inauthentic, and he said he wanted to construct Juno to be "into music very real and authentic", making her a fan of punk rock, including The Runaways, Patti Smith and Iggy Pop and the Stooges.[50] He felt that the Sonic Youth cover of "Superstar" defined Juno and Mark's relationship—Juno preferring the classic 1971 version by The Carpenters while Mark preferred Sonic Youth's 1994 cover.[48] "A Well Respected Man" by The Kinks was a song Reitman had associated with a character from another of his screenplays and says it was "heart-breaking" when he decided to include the song as an introduction for Paulie instead, despite feeling it suited the scene perfectly.[48] He found children's songwriter Barry Louis Polisar's "All I Want Is You" after "surfing iTunes for hours on end" using different words and names as search terms and thought that the handmade quality was perfect for the opening titles, which were afterwards made to correspond to the song.[48] The "Brunch Bowlz" jingle, Mark writes in the film, was composed by advertisement writer Chris Corley with whom Reitman had previously worked on a set of commercials for Wal-Mart.[51]

Design

The film was set out in a sequence of the year's seasons, which, director Jason Reitman explains, "really resonated with me when I read it, because they mirror the three trimesters of Juno's pregnancy." Because filming took place over only 30 days, fake flora was used to give the impression of different seasons while other flora was edited in post-production. Brown leaves were composited onto a fake tree outside Juno's house and cherry blossom trees outside Leah's house were touched up in a lighter shade of pink to depict autumn; a fan was used to blow leaves around in some scenes as if the leaves were falling from trees. Fake flowers were used in front of Paulie's house at the end of the film to give the impression of summer.[37] Reitman used different colors to inform character, such as the burgundy and gold Dancing Elk High School track uniforms and an early scene with Juno in a red hooded jacket "walking through a world of somber greens and browns."

Writer Cody was impressed with the production design team's creation of the set from only a few sentences in her script, calling Juno's bedroom "a very emotional set for [me] because it reminded me so much of my own little habitat when I was a teenager."[52] The walls of Juno's room are covered with posters of bands, while Leah's room includes a mural of older men whom she finds attractive, and Paulie's room is designed to be overly childlike to indicate his innocence.[37] Production designer Steve Saklad designed Mark and Vanessa's house with the assumption that "Vanessa has probably read every home magazine and tried to copy what's in them as best she could." Costume designer Monique Prudhomme was nominated for a Costume Designers Guild Award in the "Excellence in Contemporary Costume Design for Film" category.[53] She dressed Vanessa in clothes that were "simple and very tasteful" but with an "anal-retentive quality," while dressing Mark in conservative clothing that complements Vanessa's taste. It was Page's suggestion that Juno wear flannel shirts and sweater-vests.[1] Page also had to wear two sizes of prosthetic belly fitted like a corset in the back, as well as a third "real" belly that is seen when Juno has an ultrasound[54] and a variety of sizes of fake breasts.[55] The footage displayed on Juno's ultrasound monitor is of supervising sound designer Scott Sanders's son Matthew and was embedded into the scene in post-production.

Opening title sequence

900 hand-cut images were composited onto a background to create the opening title sequence.

Juno's opening title sequence, depicting a rotoscoped Juno walking through her town while drinking a bottle of SunnyD orange drink, was put together over 7–8 months[37] by a small design studio, Shadowplay Studio, based in Los Angeles.[56] Reitman had met the studio's co-founder Gareth Smith in Japan on the short film festival circuit where they each had shorts screening.[56] Shadowplay created the opening title sequence for Reitman's previous film, Thank You for Smoking, and he contacted them again when he found out he was going to direct Juno.[57] With vintage 1970s punk-rock posters as inspiration, Smith and artist Jenny Lee decided to create a sequence that "had texture and a little bit of edge, but also imparted the warmth and heart of the screenplay".[58] In the last days of filming in Vancouver,[58] Ellen Page was photographed with a high speed camera from a number of angles walking on a treadmill and drinking SunnyD.[56] 900 still images of a walking and drinking Page were printed out and repeatedly run through a Xerox machine to degrade their quality until the pictures appeared hand-drawn.[57] The pictures were cut-out and scanned back onto the computer then layered onto the background drawn by Lee with compositing software[56] to create a stop motion animation sequence that corresponded to "All I Want Is You" by Barry Louis Polisar, the song Reitman had chosen.[48] Shadowplay also designed the titlecards for each of the seasons for the film,[37] hand-made a custom typeface for the opening title sequence and the closing credits, and collaborated on the design of the soundtrack and the DVD.[58]

Distribution

Theatrical release

With a well-received preview first screened on September 1, 2007 at the Telluride Film Festival,[59][60] Juno premiered on September 8 at the 2007 Toronto International Film Festival and received a standing ovation, which prompted film critic Roger Ebert to say "I don’t know when I've heard a standing ovation so long, loud and warm."[61] It went on to feature at the Austin Film Festival, Rome Film Festival, London Film Festival, Bahamas International Film Festival, St. Louis International Film Festival, Stockholm International Film Festival, International Thessaloniki Film Festival, Gijón International Film Festival, Palm Springs International Film Festival and the International Film Festival Rotterdam, earning awards and nominations at several.[62][63][64][65]

Although Juno was originally intended to open in theaters on December 15, 2007, it was moved forward to take advantage of the positive reviews and buzz preceding its release,[66] and opened in limited release on December 5, playing in only seven theaters in Los Angeles and New York City.[67] It opened in an additional thirteen cities and around 25 theaters on December 14, expanding further on December 21 before entering wide release on December 25.[67]

Promotion

Hamburger phones were sent to critics to entice them to review the film.

Anthony Breznican of the USA Today said in a 2008 article that Juno is one of three films that were "orchestrated to start off as word-of-mouth favorites among devoted moviegoers."[68] Following Juno's release, Fox Searchlight sent hamburger phones styled similarly to that used by Juno in the film to journalists and critics to entice them to review the film.[69] Though the phones were originally distributed in small numbers to viewers at promotional events, companies not affiliated with Fox Searchlight began to produce and sell the phones on eBay and other online stores.[70][71] In the month after the film's release, sales of the phone on eBay increased by 759 percent[71] and it was named one of the "10 Cool Gifts for Film Buffs" by Entertainment Weekly.[72]

Home media

The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray disc on April 15, 2008. It is available in a single disc DVD edition, which includes the movie along with an audio commentary by director Reitman and writer Cody, eleven deleted scenes, a gag reel, a 'gag take' (including a profanity laden blow-up by Rainn Wilson), a "Cast & Crew Jam", and screen tests. The two-disc DVD edition includes the same extra content and four additional featurettes ("Way Beyond 'Our' Maturity Level: Juno – Leah – Bleeker", "Diablo Cody Is Totally Boss", "Jason Reitman For Shizz", and "Honest To Blog! Creating Juno"), while the second disc is a DRM-encrypted version of the film for portable players. The Blu-ray version includes all the two-disc DVD edition extras and two additional featurettes: "Fox Movie Channel Presents: Juno World Premiere" and "Fox Movie Channel Presents: Casting Session".[73]

Reception

Box office performance

In limited release and playing in only seven theaters in Los Angeles and New York City, Juno grossed $420,113 over its debut weekend, averaging $60,016 per screen.[67] When Juno became Fox Searchlight's first film to surpass $100 million at the box office, the company's president Peter Rice issued the statement: "This is an astonishing feat for us and the film has surpassed all our expectations. We knew this film had crossover potential and it has resonated with audiences all across the country."[74] The film has grossed $143,495,265 in the United States and $87,916,319 in other territories for a total worldwide gross of $231,411,584.[3] It was also the highest-grossing of the five Best Picture nominees for the 80th Academy Awards.[75]

Critical reaction

The film benefited from an extremely positive critical reception; as of March 15, 2008 on the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, 94% of critics gave the film positive reviews, based on 205 reviews,[76] making it the best reviewed comedy film on the website in 2007.[77] On Metacritic, the film had an average score of 81 out of 100, based on 38 reviews.[78] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film four stars and called it "just about the best movie of the year. [...] Has there been a better performance this year than Ellen Page's creation of Juno? I don't think so."[79] Ebert went on to place Juno at number one on his annual best of list. The film also ranks at number 463 in Empire magazine's 2008 list of The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time.[80] Juno MacGuff also ranked number 56 on Empire's list of The 100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time.[81] Paste Magazine named it one of the 50 Best Movies of the Decade (2000–2009), ranking it at number 15.[82] In June 2010, Entertainment Weekly named Juno one of the 100 Greatest Characters of the Last 20 Years.[83]

However, not all critics share the positive view towards Juno. David Edelstein of New York magazine felt that the film was desperate to be "a movie that confers hipness on teens, that makes kids want to use the same slang and snap up the soundtrack".[84] Music reviewer Jim DeRogatis criticized the film's stylized dialogue and what he saw as a casual take on abortion and Juno's naïveté in becoming pregnant, claiming: "As an unapologetically old-school feminist, the father of a soon-to-be-teenage daughter, a reporter who regularly talks to actual teens as part of his beat and a plain old moviegoer, I hated, hated, hated this movie."[85]

"The Juno Effect"

In 2008, after 17 students under sixteen years of age at a Gloucester, Massachusetts high school became pregnant, Time magazine called it the "Juno Effect".[86] Time stated that some adults dismissed the statistic as an outlier while others accused films such as Juno and Knocked Up for glamorizing teenage pregnancy. Kristelle Miller, an Adolescent Psychology Professor at University of Minnesota-Duluth stated that "[t]he  '​Juno effect' is how media glamorizes pregnancy and how it's also... pregnancy is also redemptive of any past problems".[87]

After Senator John McCain named Alaska Governor Sarah Palin as his running mate on the Republican presidential ticket, it was revealed in September 2008 that Gov. Palin's daughter, Bristol, age 17, was pregnant with the child of another teenager. News reports and editorials termed Bristol Palin's pregnancy as the latest episode in the debate over teen pregnancy of which Juno was a part,[88][89] while conservative commentators made comparisons between Bristol Palin's pregnancy and the film.[90][91] Noted New Republic literary editor Leon Wieseltier, "The Republicans wanted a new conversation, and they got one. Juno in Juneau!"[90] Fox News' Roger Friedman wondered, "Juno at once violated and vindicated conservative values. The question is, will the public rally ‘round Bristol Palin the way it did Juno? Or will it reject her for getting in this situation in the first place?"[91]

Juno actor Jason Bateman defended the film. "Unfortunately," he said, "we’ve had these instances where guys kill people because of what they hear in rock ‘n roll lyrics or some garbage like that. Look, if you’re going to blame a movie or song for your actions, whether they be good or bad, I think you’re looking at the wrong things to influence your life. I think people should look to other areas of their life for lessons and guidance, mainly parents, or teachers, or friends, or whomever. That should probably be where you should point your eyes and ears."[92]

Amy Benfer of Salon.com wrote in 2010 that, according to figures released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, pregnancy rates for all teenagers dropped 2 percent between 2007 and 2008, meaning that "the slight uptick in teen pregnancy rates between 2005 and 2006 were probably just an anomaly and not some heinous trend brought about by pop culture", and that if there had been such a thing as a "Juno effect", it would have caused pregnancies to go down, not up. She criticized proponents of the theory, stating that they believed that teenagers "somehow lose all ability to evaluate any nuance or context in that woman's particular situation, and instead make some sort of primitive cause-and-effect connection" and that "by talking about pregnant girls, and most of all, by daring to portray some of them as ordinary, even likable, we'd get way more babies having babies." She concluded that "depicting teen parents may not glamorize them, so much as humanize them. You know, that thing that happens when one person recognizes that someone else is a person too? So, now that we can firmly state that realistically depicting the lives of the tiny percentage of girls who do become pregnant won't necessarily contaminate the rest of them, it's time to stop worrying and ask what we can do to help."[93]

Top ten lists

The film appeared on critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2007:

Awards

The film received four 2008 Academy Awards nominations: Best Original Screenplay, which Diablo Cody won, Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Actress for Ellen Page.[103]

Reitman expressed disappointment that Juno was ruled ineligible for the Genie Award nominations:

It's a Canadian director, Canadian stars, Canadian cast, Canadian crew, shot in Canada—how are we not eligible for a Genie when David Cronenberg's film [Eastern Promises] about Russians living in London shot in England with a British crew and British cast is eligible? I'm sorry, but somebody is going to have to explain that to me.[104]

Sara Morton, the head of the Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television, issued a statement explaining that the film had never been submitted for Genie Award consideration by its studio.[105] The Hollywood Reporter explained that Genie rules define Canadian films as financed at least in part by Canadian sources, and because American companies Mandate Pictures and Fox Searchlight were the sole funders, Juno was ineligible.[105] Nonetheless, Genie spokesman Chris McDowall said that while the film was not evaluated for eligibility since it was not submitted, "Financing is one of the criteria, but it's not everything."[105] Despite this, the film was eligible for the 2008 Canadian Comedy Awards, receiving two wins from three nominations.[106][107]

Wins

Nominations

  • 2008 Canadian Comedy Awards
    • Best Actor – Michael Cera; Cera received two nominations and did win the award, but for his work in Superbad.[106][107]

Soundtrack

Juno's soundtrack, Music from the Motion Picture Juno, was released January 15, 2008,[113] features nineteen songs from Barry Louis Polisar, Belle & Sebastian, Buddy Holly, Cat Power, The Kinks, Mott the Hoople, Sonic Youth and The Velvet Underground, and most prominently Kimya Dawson and her former bands The Moldy Peaches and Antsy Pants. Under the Rhino Entertainment record label, it became the first number one soundtrack since the Dreamgirls soundtrack, 20th Century Fox's first number one soundtrack since the Titanic soundtrack, and Rhino's first number one album, topping the American Billboard 200 music charts in its fourth week of release.[114]

Rhino announced in March 2008 that Juno B-Sides: Almost Adopted Songs would be available through digital-only release, a second volume of songs that were considered for but not included in the film. The fifteen tracks include songs by previously featured artists Kimya Dawson, Barry Louis Polisar, Belle & Sebastian and Buddy Holly, as well as Astrud Gilberto, The Bristols, Jr. James & The Late Guitar, Trio Los Panchos, Yo La Tengo and Ellen Page singing "Zub Zub", written by Diablo Cody as part of the script in a deleted scene.[115] Rhino also released a Deluxe Edition, on November 25, 2008, containing both the original soundtrack as well as B-Sides in a two-disc set, along with storyboards from the film and additional liner notes from Reitman.[116]

Although uncredited not featured on the soundtrack, Page and Bateman's characters perform an acoustic version of Hole's "Doll Parts" in the film.

Track listing

  1. "All I Want is You" - Barry Louis Polisar
  2. "My Rollercoaster" - Kimya Dawson
  3. "A Well Respected Man" - The Kinks
  4. "Dearest" - Buddy Holly
  5. "Up the Spout" - Mateo Messina
  6. "Tire Swing" - Kimya Dawson
  7. "Piazza, New York Catcher" - Belle and Sebastian
  8. "Loose Lips" - Kimya Dawson
  9. "Superstar" - Sonic Youth
  10. "Sleep" - Kimya Dawson
  11. "Expectations" - Belle and Sebastian
  12. "All the Young Dudes" - Mott the Hoople
  13. "So Nice So Smart" - Kimya Dawson
  14. "Sea of Love" - Cat Power
  15. "Tree Hugger" - Kimya Dawson and Antsy Pants
  16. "I'm Sticking with You" - The Velvet Underground
  17. "Anyone Else But You" - The Moldy Peaches
  18. "Vampire" - Antsy Pants
  19. "Anyone Else But You" - Michael Cera and Ellen Page[113]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Spines, Christine (December 5, 2007). "'Juno': Inside Oscar's 100 Million Dollar Baby". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  2. ^ . Hollywood Reporter. February 2, 2008. p. O-4.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ a b "Juno". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 7, 2008. 
  4. ^ "Juno (2007) – Daily Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 17, 2008. 
  5. ^ Hulbert, Ann (December 18, 2007). "Juno and the Culture Wars". Slate. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  6. ^ a b Dawson, Jeff (January 20, 2008). "Diablo Cody, lap dancer turned ace screenwriter". The Sunday Times. London. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  7. ^ Freeman, Hadley (January 28, 2008). "A choice that films ignore". The Guardian. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  8. ^ Scott, A. O. (December 5, 2007). "Seeking Mr. and Mrs. Right for a Baby on the Way". The New York Times. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  9. ^ a b Howell, Peter (January 30, 2008). "Juno star has a mind of her own". Toronto Star. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  10. ^ a b Hiscock, John (February 2, 2008). "Diablo Cody:'I feel more naked writing than I did as a stripper'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  11. ^ Douglas, Edward (December 3, 2007). "The Inimitable Ellen Page on Juno". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  12. ^ a b c d Douglas, Edward (December 7, 2007). "Jason Reitman Tackles Teen Pregnancy in Juno". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  13. ^ Sperling, Nicole (January 18, 2008). "'Juno' Has Moviegoers Bringing Up Babies". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 17, 2008. 
  14. ^ Schlafly, Phyllis (March 14, 2008). "Message of 'Juno': Fatherlessness rocks". WorldNetDaily. Archived from the original on March 15, 2008. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  15. ^ Morris, Wesley (February 24, 2008). "'Juno' lets smart girls identify with its glib but sweet spin on a teen's life-altering decision". The Boston Globe. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  16. ^ a b Dibdin, Emma (February 7, 2008). "Labour Day: Behind the scenes on Juno". The Cambridge Student. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  17. ^ a b Maher, Dave (November 21, 2007). "Ellen Page Talks Juno Soundtrack, Kimya Dawson". Pitchfork Media. Archived from the original on September 24, 2010. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  18. ^ Levy, Emanuel (October 25, 2007). "Juno's Jason Reitman". 
  19. ^ a b c Valby, Karen (November 2, 2007). "Diablo Cody: From Ex-Stripper to A-Lister". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  20. ^ Giese, Rachel (December 10, 2007). "Whoa, baby". CBC News. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  21. ^ "From saucy to sweet". The Age. Associated Press. January 5, 2008. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  22. ^ Carroll, Larry (December 13, 2007). "'Juno' Cast, Director Credit Diablo Cody's Screenplay For Flick's Early Buzz". MTV News. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  23. ^ Klein, Janel (February 25, 2008). "Diablo Cody's Minnesota connections". kare11.com. Retrieved July 17, 2010. 
  24. ^ "EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: Director Jason Reitman Talks Juno". MovieWeb.com. December 28, 2007. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  25. ^ Orndorf, Brian (February 18, 2008). "Jon Poll interview – CHARLIE BARTLETT". Collider.com. Retrieved December 5, 2008. 
  26. ^ Fleming, Michael; Siegel, Tatiana (May 14, 2008). "Jason Reitman flies 'Up in the Air'". Variety. Retrieved May 17, 2008. 
  27. ^ Yamato, Jen (December 6, 2007). "Ellen Page on Juno: The RT Interview". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  28. ^ Sperling, Nicole (February 22, 2007). "Bateman, Janney join 'Juno' family". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on May 24, 2008. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  29. ^ Starker, Melissa (December 20, 2007). "To know Juno". Columbus Alive. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  30. ^ Vaux, Rob; Davis, Debbie (January 27, 2008). "The Juno Interviews Part III: Allison Janney & J.K Simmons". Flipside Movie Emporium. Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  31. ^ Stack, Tim (June 13, 2008). "Olivia Thirlby: Life After 'Juno'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 19, 2008. 
  32. ^ a b Garibay, Lisa Y. (January 28, 2008). "My Super Sweet 16". Filmmaker Magazine. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  33. ^ Braver, Rita (February 10, 2008). ""Juno" Director Follows In Dad's Footsteps". CBS News. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  34. ^ Adler, Shawn; Carroll, Larry (January 17, 2007). "Movie File: 'Departed' Trilogy, Jennifer Garner, Steve Carell & More". VH1. Archived from the original on January 31, 2007. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  35. ^ Vaux, Rob (January 27, 2008). "The Juno Interviews Part II: Jason Bateman". Flipside Movie Emporium. Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  36. ^ Palmer, Tamara (January 17, 2008). "Big-screen chemistry". Metromix. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  37. ^ a b c d e Reitman; Jason; Cody, Diablo (2007). Juno: Audio Commentary by Director Jason Reitman and Writer Diablo Cody (DVD). 20th Century Fox. 
  38. ^ a b c d e Schaefer, Glen (February 24, 2008). "Plenty of fun and games on Juno set". The Province. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  39. ^ ""Juno" Considering 2007 Minnesota Location". Frozen Frames. January 2, 2008. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  40. ^ Epstein, Edward Jay (February 13, 2006). "Northern Expenditure". Slate. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  41. ^ Macdonald, Moira (February 22, 2008). "Northwest links to Oscars". Seattle Times. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  42. ^ a b c d Mackie, John (January 29, 2008). "Vancouverites sharing in success of 'Juno'". Regina Leader-Post. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  43. ^ "INTERVIEW: Juno's Ellen Page and Michael Cera". MovieWeb.com. December 6, 2007. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  44. ^ Walker, Jeremy (February 14, 2008). "Production begins on 'Juno,' a comedy directed by Jason Reitman from a screenplay by Diablo Cody". JeremyWalker.com. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  45. ^ Reitman, Jason (November 4, 2007). "Music from the Motion Picture Juno (Liner Notes)". 
  46. ^ Lucy (September 12, 2007). "Juno Soundtrack: Best Soundtrack of The Year?". Product-Reviews (Dansway Communications Ltd). 
  47. ^ Sciretta, Peter (September 11, 2007). "Juno Movie Sountrack". /Film. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  48. ^ a b c d e f g h Reitman, Jason; Page, Ellen; Dawson, Kimya. "Juno Soundtrack Interview (Podcast)". Rhino Entertainment. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  49. ^ a b "Seattlest Interview: Mateo Messina, Film and Symphony Composer". Seattlest. November 2, 2007. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  50. ^ Celis, Barbara (December 5, 2007). "Interview: Jason Reitman (Juno)". ioncinema.com. Retrieved June 26, 2008. 
  51. ^ "Meep Meep". Huffington Post. November 20, 2007. 
  52. ^ Douglas, Edward (December 13, 2007). "Juno Screenwriter Diablo Cody". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  53. ^ O'Neil, Tom (January 16, 2008). "Costume guild nominees: 'Atonement,' 'La Vie en Rose'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  54. ^ Bennett, J (January 2008). "Close-Up". Alternative Press Magazine (Alternative Press Magazine, Inc.) 234: 74–75. 
  55. ^ Wharton, Kate (February 5, 2008). "Ellen Page interview". Marie Claire. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  56. ^ a b c d Morrow, Martin (February 18, 2008). "Credit where it’s due". CBC News. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  57. ^ a b Pearson, Ryan (September 13, 2007). "Where'd the credits go?". Associated Press. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  58. ^ a b c Vlaanderen, Remco (2007). "Forget the Film, Watch the Titles". SubmarineChannel. Retrieved April 3, 2010. 
  59. ^ Jones, Michael (September 1, 2007). "Telluride abuzz with "Juno"". Variety. Retrieved April 18, 2008. 
  60. ^ Willman, Chris (September 3, 2007). "Telluride Day 4: ‘Juno,’ ‘Margot at the Wedding’". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 18, 2008. 
  61. ^ Ebert, Roger (September 9, 2007). "Toronto #5: Great performances, strong stories". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved April 18, 2008. 
  62. ^ a b Morfoot, Addie (October 28, 2007). ""Juno" wins in Rome". Variety. Retrieved April 18, 2008. 
  63. ^ "16th Annual AT&T St. Louis International Film Festival: Festival Highlights". Cinema St Louis. November 22, 2007. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2008. 
  64. ^ "Stockholm Festival Winners 2007". Stockholm International Film Festival. Retrieved April 18, 2008. 
  65. ^ "Juno To Receive Chairman’s Vanguard Award at 19th Annual Palm Springs International Film Festival Awards Gala". Palm Springs International Film Festival. November 8, 2007. Retrieved April 18, 2008. 
  66. ^ Sciretta, Peter (October 25, 2007). "Juno’s "Due Date" Sooner Than Expected". /Film. Retrieved April 18, 2008. 
  67. ^ a b c McClintock, Pamela (December 9, 2007). "'Juno' jolts specialty box office". Variety. Retrieved April 18, 2008. 
  68. ^ Breznican, Anthony. Box office: Modest films, niche marketing change landscape." USA Today. February 22, 2008.
  69. ^ Barefoot, Darren; Szabo, Julie (January 27, 2008). "Great Movie Marketing and a Hamburger Phone From Juno". SocialMediaReady.com. Retrieved October 2, 2008. 
  70. ^ Moses, Asher (February 7, 2008). "Juno's hamburger phone sparks online sales". The Age. Retrieved October 2, 2008. 
  71. ^ a b Harris, Misty (January 29, 2008). "Hamburger the new accessory". The Province. Retrieved October 2, 2008. 
  72. ^ "10 Cool Gifts for Film Buffs". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 2, 2008. 
  73. ^ "Honest To Blog: Juno is the Most Successful Indie Film in Six Years; DVD Details". SlashFilms. Retrieved February 20, 2008. 
  74. ^ Pompeo, Joe (January 31, 2008). "Juno Crosses the $100 Million Mark, Becomes 'Too Cool'". The New York Observer. Retrieved April 6, 2008. 
  75. ^ Stevens, Dana (February 8, 2008). "Hating Juno". Slate. Retrieved April 6, 2008. 
  76. ^ "Juno (2007)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved July 18, 2012. 
  77. ^ "1—Juno". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved June 12, 2008. 
  78. ^ "Juno (2007): Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved December 28, 2007. 
  79. ^ Ebert, Roger (December 14, 2007). "Juno". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved December 17, 2007. 
  80. ^ "The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time". empireonline.com. Retrieved January 23, 2009. 
  81. ^ "100 Greatest Movie Characters". empireonline.com. Retrieved April 23, 2010. 
  82. ^ "The 50 Best Movies of the Decade (2000-2009)". Paste Magazine. November 3, 2009. Retrieved December 14, 2011. 
  83. ^ Adam B. Vary (June 1, 2010). "The 100 Greatest Characters of the Last 20 Years: Here's our full list!". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved July 7, 2012. 
  84. ^ Edelstein, David (November 30, 2007). "Melodrama in Distress". New York. Retrieved June 10, 2008. 
  85. ^ DeRogatis, Jim (January 8, 2008). "Why "Juno" is anti-rock". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved June 10, 2008. 
  86. ^ Kingsbury, Kathleen (June 18, 2008) "Pregnancy Boom at Gloucester High." Time.
  87. ^ "The Juno Effect". Northland's NewsCenter. Granite Broadcasting Corporation. August 6, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  88. ^ Kranish, Michael (September 2, 2008). "Palin's daughter, 17, is pregnant". Boston Globe. Retrieved September 19, 2008. 
  89. ^ "Unplanned". Houston Chronicle. September 2, 2008. Retrieved September 19, 2008. 
  90. ^ a b Wieseltier, Leon (September 2, 2008). "Washington Diarist". New Republic. Retrieved September 19, 2008. 
  91. ^ a b Friedman, Roger (September 2, 2008). "The 'Juno' effect strikes again". Foxnews. Retrieved September 19, 2008. 
  92. ^ "Jason Bateman Defends ‘Juno’ In Wake Of Massachusetts Teen Pregnancies". Access Hollywood. September 13, 2008. Retrieved September 19, 2008. 
  93. ^ Benfer, Amy (April 9, 2010). "Death to 'the "Juno" effect'". Salon. Retrieved March 26, 2011. 
  94. ^ Roger Ebert (December 20, 2007). "The year's ten best films and other shenanigans". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved January 5, 2008. 
  95. ^ "Signs of Life 2007: Best Films". Paste. November 28, 2007. Retrieved June 12, 2008. 
  96. ^ "Ten Best List for the Year 2007". USCCB. Retrieved October 20, 2008. 
  97. ^ Germain, David; Lemire, Christy (December 27, 2007). "'No Country for Old Men' earns nod from AP critics". Columbia Daily Tribune. Archived from the original on January 3, 2008. Retrieved December 31, 2007. 
  98. ^ "The 50 Best Movies of 2007 (and the 10 Worst)". Moviefone. December 20, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2008. 
  99. ^ Berardinelli, James. "List: 2007 Films, Descending Order by Rating". ReelViews.net. Retrieved February 22, 2008. 
  100. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Metacritic: 2007 Film Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. Archived from the original on January 2, 2008. Retrieved January 5, 2008. 
  101. ^ "Richard Roeper's 10 Best Films of 2007". BoxOfficePsychics.com. December 29, 2007. Retrieved January 6, 2008. 
  102. ^ Travers, Peter (December 27, 2007). "Peter Travers' Best and Worst Movies of 2007". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on June 19, 2008. Retrieved June 12, 2008. 
  103. ^ a b c "80th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on May 1, 2008. Retrieved June 12, 2008. 
  104. ^ "What makes a film Canadian?". Canada.com. February 28, 2008. 
  105. ^ a b c Andrews, Marke (February 29, 2008). "No Genie nominations for Vancouver's Juno". The Vancouver Sun. Retrieved April 11, 2008. 
  106. ^ a b c "Our 2008 Canadian Comedy Award recipients". Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  107. ^ a b "Nominees announced". Canada.com. June 4, 2008. Archived from the original on December 22, 2013. 
  108. ^ a b Dawtrey, Adam (February 10, 2008). "'Atonement' tops BAFTA Awards; Cotillard, Day-Lewis take best acting honors". Variety. Retrieved June 12, 2008. 
  109. ^ Cheng, Jim (January 7, 2008). "Critics' Choice Awards: Dark, violent 'No Country' and 'Blood' on top". USA Today. Retrieved June 12, 2008. 
  110. ^ Goldstein, Greg (December 6, 2007). "NBR goes wild for 'No Country'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 6, 2008. [dead link]
  111. ^ Siegel, Tatiana (February 23, 2008). "'Juno' tops Spirit Awards; Indie comedy/drama wins best feature, actress". Variety. Retrieved June 12, 2008. 
  112. ^ "Hollywood Foreign Press Association 2008 Golden Globe Awards for the year ended December 31, 2007". goldenglobes.org. December 13, 2007. Archived from the original on December 15, 2007. Retrieved December 17, 2007. 
  113. ^ a b Stephen Thomas Erlewine (2008). "Juno - Original Soundtrack". AllMusic. 
  114. ^ Hasty, Katie (January 30, 2008). "'Juno' Unseats Keys From Atop Album Chart". Billboard. Retrieved April 16, 2008. 
  115. ^ Hansen, Christina (April 1, 2008). "Rhino to release Juno B-Sides exclusively on iTunes". Paste. Retrieved April 30, 2008. 
  116. ^ Mannering, Christy (November 23, 2008). "Juno Proved Grand Movies Require Grander Soundtracks". TheSpaceLab.tv. Retrieved November 29, 2008. 

External links