Juno Award

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For the current year, see Juno Awards of 2014.
Juno Awards
Juno Awards of 2014
Juno Awards Logo.svg
The Juno awards logo
Awarded for Outstanding achievements in the record industry
Country Canada
Presented by Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences
First awarded 1970
Official website http://www.junoawards.ca/

The Juno Awards are presented annually to Canadian musical artists and bands to acknowledge their artistic and technical achievements in all aspects of music. New members of the Canadian Music Hall of Fame are also inducted as part of the awards ceremonies.

Winners are currently chosen by either members of the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences or a panel of experts depending on the award. In almost all of the main general categories, such as Album of the Year or Artist of the Year, nominees are determined by sales during the qualifying period; in genre-specific categories, they are determined by panel.[1]

History[edit]

The Juno Awards are named in honour of Pierre Juneau, the first President of the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission and former President of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.[2]

1970s[edit]

Prior to the development of the formal Juno award ceremonies, RPM Magazine began polling its readers in 1964 to determine which artists and groups were considered the best in Canada.[3] The results of these polls were announced through RPM each December.[4]

Record label owner Stan Klees met with RPM founder Walt Grealis to plan a formal awards ceremony for the music industry. Instead of merely publishing the award results in RPM, presentations would be made at a physical venue. The first such ceremony was the Gold Leaf Awards which took place 23 February 1970 in Toronto.

RPM invited its readers later that year to suggest a new name for these awards. The name "Juneau" was submitted, which represented Pierre Juneau, the first head of the Canadian Radio-Television Commission. Juneau was instrumental in establishing Canadian content regulations for broadcasters, to promote Canadian artists. That name became shortened to Juno and by 1971, the awards ceremonies would be referred to as the "Juno Awards".[5]

From 1970 to 1973, winners were announced in RPM prior to the awards night. From 1974, the award winners were not made public until the Juno ceremonies.[6] Music industry representatives formed an advisory committee for the Junos in 1974 which became the Canadian Music Awards Association the following year. This organisation assumed full management and operation of the Juno Awards from 1977 and became the Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (CARAS).[4][7]

The Junos were first televised throughout Canada in 1975 on CBC Television.[8]

1980s[edit]

Initially, the awards were conducted during the early part of each year. In 1984, organisers postponed that year's awards until December. A late-year scheduling was maintained until January 1988 when CARAS noted the declining viewership on the Juno broadcasts and reverted to an early-year awards schedule. That year's Juno Awards were postponed until 12 March 1989, therefore leaving the 1988 calendar year without a ceremony.[9]

1990s and 2000s[edit]

In 1996 an album called Oh What a Feeling: A Vital Collection of Canadian Music, was released as a four-CD box set to mark the 25th anniversary of the Juno Awards. It featured popular songs by Canadian artists from the 1960s to 1990s. In 2001, a second four-CD box set was released to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the awards. In 2006, a third box set was released to celebrate the 35th anniversary.

Broadcast rights to the Juno Awards were transferred from CBC to CTV for the 2002 ceremonies. 2006 marked the first time the Junos were broadcast internationally through MTV2 in the United States and several affiliated MTV channels in other nations. The telecast of the 2006 Juno Awards was available to approximately 250 million people.[10]

A Humanitarian Award was inaugurated in 2006. Bruce Cockburn was the first artist to be given this honour.[11]

At the 2007 ceremony, host Nelly Furtado made Juno history by being the first nominee with multiple nominations to win every award for which she was nominated, including the two most prestigious honours, Album of the Year and Artist of the Year.[12]

Nomination process[edit]

The nominations for each year's Junos are based on an eligibility period which lasts for 13 to 14 months, ending on the mid-November prior to the awards ceremony. For example, the eligibility period of the 2010 Juno Awards was from 1 September 2008 to 13 November 2009. Music released during the eligibility period may be submitted to CARAS by musicians or their representatives, designated for the appropriate nomination categories. Nominations other than for the International Album of the Year may only be awarded to Canadians who have lived in Canada during the final six months of the eligibility period, and are deemed Canadian by birth, passport or immigration status.[13]

Following the close of the eligibility period, CARAS conducts an initial vote by its members to establish the list of nominees in most categories. The nominees for Album of the Year and International Album of the Year are determined by sales figures. The New Artist of the Year, New Group of the Year, Rock Album of the Year and Pop Album of the Year are determined by sales in conjunction with a jury vote. The Artist of the Year and Group of the Year nominations are determined by sales and a CARAS member vote.[13]

After the nominees list is published, another voting round is conducted to determine the winners of most categories. Voting for the Juno Fan Choice Award is open to the general public, while voting on general categories is limited to CARAS members. Winners in genre-specific or specialty categories are determined by specially appointed CARAS juries.[13]

As of 2010, ballots are audited by accounting company PricewaterhouseCoopers.[13]

Trophy[edit]

Shania Twain holds a Juno Award trophy, 2011

The first Juno trophies were developed by Stan Klees for the first presentations in 1970. These were constructed from walnut wood, stood 18 inches (46 cm) tall and resembled a metronome.[4][14] As ceremonies became televised in 1975, the award was built from acrylic instead of wood while retaining a metronome shape. The trophy was given minor modifications in succeeding years such as a size reduction for ease of handling, and changes to the inlay design such as a special 1996 emblem to signify the 25th anniversary.[15]

In 2000, following criticism from producers that the existing award trophy did not have an attractive television appearance, CARAS commissioned a redesigned award from Stoney Creek, Ontario artist Shirley Elford. After reviewing three designs, two of which were patterned after the existing trophy, a new trophy design was selected featuring a glass human figure surrounded by a nickel-coated spiral symbolic of a musical staff situated on a base of aluminum.[15][16] A few display statuettes were circulated for presentation during the ceremonies. Within months, winners received their personalized and individually made trophies from Elford.[17][18]

In October 2010, CARAS unveiled a new award design to be used from 2011 onward. Elford had developed cancer and was no longer able to produce individual Juno trophies.[19] The new design featured a solid volume crystal tower containing a sub-surface laser engraving depicting a spiral-wrapped human figure resembling the previous statuette.[20] Elford died in November 2011.[21]

Dates and locations[edit]

The Juno Awards events were not conducted outside Toronto until 1991. Since then, the ceremonies have been hosted throughout Canada, reaching both coasts. The provinces of New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Quebec have yet to play host to the Junos. In recent years, the various locations often host a number of supporting events and festivals surrounding the awards.

Juno Awards Dates and Locations
Year Date City Venue Host Broadcast
1970 23 February Toronto, Ontario St. Lawrence Hall George Wilson[22] none
1971 22 February Toronto, Ontario St. Lawrence Hall George Wilson none
1972 28 February Toronto, Ontario Inn on the Park George Wilson none
1973 12 March Toronto, Ontario Inn on the Park George Wilson CBC Radio[23]
1974 25 March Toronto, Ontario Inn on the Park George Wilson none
1975 24 March Toronto, Ontario Canadian National Exhibition Paul Anka CBC
1976 15 March Toronto, Ontario Ryerson Polytechnic Institute John Allan Cameron CBC
1977 16 March Toronto, Ontario Royal York Hotel David Steinberg CBC
1978 28 March Toronto, Ontario Harbour Castle Hilton David Steinberg CBC
1979 21 March Toronto, Ontario Harbour Castle Hilton Burton Cummings CBC
1980 2 April Toronto, Ontario Harbour Castle Hilton Burton Cummings CBC
1981 5 February Toronto, Ontario O'Keefe Centre Andrea Martin CBC
1982 14 April Toronto, Ontario Harbour Castle Hilton Burton Cummings CBC
1983 5 April Toronto, Ontario Harbour Castle Hilton Burton Cummings and Alan Thicke CBC
1984 5 December Toronto, Ontario Exhibition Place Joe Flaherty and Andrea Martin CBC
1985 4 November Toronto, Ontario Harbour Castle Hilton Andrea Martin and Martin Short CBC
1986 10 November Toronto, Ontario Harbour Castle Hilton Howie Mandel CBC
1987 2 November Toronto, Ontario O'Keefe Centre Howie Mandel CBC
1988 No Juno ceremonies were conducted this year
1989 12 March Toronto, Ontario O'Keefe Centre Andre-Philippe Gagnon CBC
1990 18 March Toronto, Ontario O'Keefe Centre Rick Moranis CBC
1991 3 March Vancouver, British Columbia Queen Elizabeth Theatre Paul Shaffer CBC
1992 29 March Toronto, Ontario O'Keefe Centre Rick Moranis CBC
1993 21 March Toronto, Ontario O'Keefe Centre Celine Dion CBC
1994 20 March Toronto, Ontario O'Keefe Centre Roch Voisine CBC
1995 26 March Hamilton, Ontario Copps Coliseum This Hour Has 22 Minutes cast CBC
1996 10 March Hamilton, Ontario Copps Coliseum Anne Murray CBC
1997 9 March Hamilton, Ontario Copps Coliseum Jann Arden CBC
1998 22 March Vancouver, British Columbia General Motors Place Jason Priestley CBC
1999 7 March Hamilton, Ontario Copps Coliseum Mike Bullard CBC
2000 12 March Toronto, Ontario SkyDome The Moffatts CBC
2001 4 March Hamilton, Ontario Copps Coliseum Rick Mercer CBC
2002 14 April St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador Mile One Stadium Barenaked Ladies CTV
2003 6 April Ottawa, Ontario Corel Centre Shania Twain CTV
2004 4 April Edmonton, Alberta Rexall Place Alanis Morissette CTV
2005 3 April Winnipeg, Manitoba MTS Centre Brent Butt CTV
2006 2 April Halifax, Nova Scotia Halifax Metro Centre Pamela Anderson CTV
2007 1 April Saskatoon, Saskatchewan Credit Union Centre Nelly Furtado CTV
2008 6 April Calgary, Alberta[24] Pengrowth Saddledome Russell Peters CTV
2009 29 March Vancouver, British Columbia[25] General Motors Place Russell Peters CTV
2010 18 April St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador[26] Mile One Centre No Host CTV
2011 27 March Toronto, Ontario[27] Air Canada Centre Drake CTV
2012 1 April Ottawa, Ontario[28] Scotiabank Place William Shatner CTV
2013 21 April Regina, Saskatchewan[29] Brandt Centre Michael Bublé CTV
2014 30 March Winnipeg, Manitoba[30][31] MTS Centre Classified, Johnny Reid, and Serena Ryder CTV
2015 15 March Hamilton, Ontario[32] FirstOntario Centre to be announced CTV

Juno Week[edit]

For several days prior to the weekend award presentations, events are held in the host city as part of a "Juno Week". Local venues feature up to 120 concerts by local and national artists as part of a Junofest.[33] Concerts include a classical music showcase [34] A Juno Cup ice hockey game pits a team of musicians against a team of National Hockey League players as a fundraiser for MusiCounts, a charitable music education program operated by CARAS.[35] There are also opportunities for the public to meet major artists.[36]

Award categories[edit]

Award names have changed through the years, most notably the switch in 2003 from the phrase "Best..." to " ... of the year". The previous awards are listed under their present names or the present award that is most similar. There are currently 44 awards.[37]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2007 Juno Awards Submission Info
  2. ^ Bliss, Karen (22 March 2012). "Pierre Juneau, Champion of Canadian Music Talent, Juno Awards Namesake, Dead at 89". Billboard Magazine. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  3. ^ The Juno awards : tenth anniversary special issue. RPM Publications. 1980. pp. 9–10.  "End of Year Awards" were mentioned in the 7 December 1964 issue of RPM.
  4. ^ a b c Green, Richard. "The RPM Story". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 27 July 2007. 
  5. ^ McLean, Steve. "Juno Awards". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  6. ^ The Juno awards : tenth anniversary special issue. RPM Publications. 1980. p. 37. 
  7. ^ Luko, Alexis. "Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  8. ^ Young, David (2005). "The CBC and the Juno Awards". Canadian Journal of Communication 30 (3). Retrieved 6 January 2010. 
  9. ^ Dafoe, Chris (27 January 1988). "Juno Awards move to spring". The Globe and Mail. pp. C5. 
  10. ^ CTV.ca News Staff (30 March 2006). "Juno Awards to be broadcast around the world". CTV Television Network. Retrieved 27 July 2007. 
  11. ^ "Bruce Cockburn receives humanitarian Juno Award". Canadian Press. 1 April 2006. Retrieved 27 July 2007. 
  12. ^ CBC Arts (1 April 2007). "Sexy but goofy, Furtado sweeps Juno Awards". CBC News. Retrieved 27 July 2007. 
  13. ^ a b c d "39th Annual JUNO Awards / CARAS Quick Reference Guide to the Submission Process" (pdf). 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  14. ^ LeBlanc, Larry (5 April 2008). "Junos' tune has changed from modest beginnings". Calgary Herald. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  15. ^ a b "History of the Juno Awards Statuette". CARAS. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  16. ^ LeBlanc, Larry (15 January 2000). "Juno Awards Goes Back To Toronto". Billboard. p. 48. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  17. ^ Bliss, Karen (10 April 2008). "Juno winners didn't know...". Jam!/Canoe. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  18. ^ "Savvy Granny designs Junos". Calgary Herald. 17 March 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  19. ^ Rockingham, Graham (27 October 2010). "Juno redesign incorporates local artist’s iconic original". Hamilton Spectator. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  20. ^ "Statuette History". Juno website. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  21. ^ "Juno award artisan Shirley Elford dies". CHCH-DT. 11 November 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  22. ^ The Juno awards : tenth anniversary special issue. RPM Publications. 1980. pp. 9–10.  CFRB radio host George Wilson was master of ceremonies for the Gold Leaf/Juno Awards ceremonies from 1970 to 1974 inclusive.
  23. ^ The Juno awards : tenth anniversary special issue. RPM Publications. 1980. p. 44.  Taped excerpts from the awards were broadcast on CBC Radio's The Entertainers on 23 March 1973.
  24. ^ "The JUNO Awards Head West to Calgary, Alberta in 2008". CARAS. 21 February 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  25. ^ "Vancouver Rolls Out the Red Carpet for The 2009 JUNO Awards". CARAS. 12 February 2008. Retrieved 10 December 2010. 
  26. ^ "2010 Junos set for St. John's". CBC News. 22 January 2009. Retrieved 4 October 2009. 
  27. ^ "Toronto, Ontario will host the 40th anniversary celebrations of the Juno Awards in 2011". CARAS. 25 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010. 
  28. ^ "Ottawa to host 2012 Juno Awards". CBC News. 13 July 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2011. 
  29. ^ "Regina and Moose Jaw to host 2013 Juno Awards". Regina Leader-Post. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 
  30. ^ "And the Juno Awards go to . . . Winnipeg". CBC News. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  31. ^ "Winnipeg to host the 2014 Juno Awards". CARAS. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  32. ^ "Hamilton to Host the 2015 Juno Awards". JunoAwards.ca. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  33. ^ Schroeder, Lara (27 March 2014). "Canadian music explodes onto Winnipeg stages with Junofest". Global News. Retrieved 6 July 2014. 
  34. ^ Wallis, Lindsey (6 March 2014). "Canadian Music Centre presents classical showcase at the JUNO Awards". Canadian Music Centre. Retrieved 28 April 2014. 
  35. ^ "Stars on Ice: Rockers vs NHL greats in JUNO Cup". Winnipeg Free Press. 24 March 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2014. 
  36. ^ Graney, Emma (18 April 2013). "Kids pumped for FanFare at 2013 Juno Awards in Regina". Leader-Post (Regina). Retrieved 6 July 2014. 
  37. ^ "Juno Award winners list by year" (Requires a search by year). Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. MetroLeap Media. Retrieved 29 December 2009. 

External links[edit]