Juno V

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The Juno V series of rockets were a design that was proposed in the late 1950s but cancelled. The rockets were multi-stage and, although they failed to reach production, their sections were used in other designs.

Juno V-A[edit]

Juno V-A was studied in 1958, as a new name for the Super-Jupiter rocket. The only difference was that the rocket's first stage would not have 4 E-1 engines, which were developed in 1957, but were cancelled and paved the way for the F-1 engine, which was used on the Saturn V rocket which took men to the moon. Instead, the Juno V-A would use the first stage of a Saturn I launcher to propel it into space and a whole Titan I ICBM to continue the journey. Juno V-A was never developed, but all its stages were used on different launch vehicles, now retired as of today.

Juno V-B[edit]

Juno V-B, studied in the same year as Juno V-A, was proposed for lunar and interplanetary missions into space. It was just like the Juno V-A, except the third stage, originally the second stage of a Titan I booster, would be replaced with a Centaur C high-energy third stage. A year after Juno V-B's study, the booster received a new name: the Saturn A-1, which, like the Juno series of rockets was never built, but all its stages used on different launch vehicles, now retired as of today.

References[edit]

  • Bilstein, Roger E, Stages to Saturn, US Government Printing Office, 1980.
  • Lowther, Scott, Saturn: Development, Details, Derivatives and Descendants, Work in progress. Available chapters may be ordered directly from Scott Lowther at web site indicated. Web Address when accessed: http://www.webcreations.com/ptm.