Juramaia

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Juramaia
Temporal range: Late Jurassic, 160Ma
Juramaia NT.jpg
Restoration
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Clade: Eutheria
Genus: Juramaia
Luo et al., 2011
Species
  • J. sinensis Luo et al., 2011 (type)

Juramaia is an extinct genus of very basal eutherian mammal from the Late Jurassic (Oxfordian stage) deposits of western Liaoning, China. Juramaia is known from the holotype BMNH PM1343, an articulated and nearly complete skeleton including incomplete skull preserved with full dentition. It was collected in the Daxigou site, Jianchang, from the Tiaojishan Formation dated at about 160 million years ago. It was first named by Zhe-Xi Luo, Chong-Xi Yuan, Qing-Jin Meng and Qiang Ji in 2011 and the type species is Juramaia sinensis.[1] The discovery of Juramaia provides new insight into the evolution of placental mammals by showing that their lineage diverged from that of the marsupials 35 million years earlier than previously thought.[1] Furthermore, its discovery fills gaps in the fossil record and helps to calibrate modern, DNA-based methods of dating the evolution.[2][3] Based on climbing adaptations found in the forelimb bones, it has been suggested that the basal stock of Eutheria was arboral.[1]


 Metatheria

 Sinodelphys szalayi



 Cainozoic metatherian



 Eutheria

 Juramaia sinensis



 Montanalestes keeblerorum




 Murtoilestes abramovi



 Eomaia scansoria



 Prokennalestes trofimovi




 Cainozoic placentalia




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