Jurassic Park III
|Jurassic Park III|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Joe Johnston|
|Produced by||Kathleen Kennedy
Larry J. Franco
|Written by||Peter Buchman
|Based on||Characters created
by Michael Crichton
|Music by||Don Davis
John Williams (original themes)
|Edited by||Robert Dalva|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Box office||$368.7 million|
Jurassic Park III is a 2001 American science fiction adventure film. It is the third installment in the Jurassic Park film series and a sequel to the 1997 film The Lost World: Jurassic Park. It is the series' first film that was not directed by Steven Spielberg nor based on a book by Michael Crichton (though numerous scenes in the film were ultimately taken from Crichton's novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World). The film takes place on Isla Sorna, off Central America's Pacific coast, the island featured in the second film, where a divorced couple has tricked Dr. Alan Grant into going in order to help them find their son.
After the success of Spielberg's Jurassic Park, Joe Johnston expressed interest in directing a sequel, a film adaptation of The Lost World. Spielberg instead gave Johnston permission to direct the third film in the series, if there were to be one. Production of Jurassic Park III began on August 30, 2000. Upon its release, the film received mixed reviews, with many praising the visual effects and action scenes but finding the plot clichéd and unoriginal. Despite being less well-received than the previous films, Jurassic Park III was a box office success, grossing $368 million worldwide.
A sequel, titled Jurassic World, is set to be released on June 12, 2015.
Despite dangerous incidents being connected with Isla Sorna, tourists Ben Hildebrand and Eric Kirby decide to parasail around the island. A dinosaur of unknown species attacks and kills the boat crew when it passes through a fog bank, but Ben uncouples the line and with Eric (they are bound together) go sailing into the wilderness of Isla Sorna.
Meanwhile, Dr. Alan Grant has become reluctantly famous as a result of his survival and involvement in the scandal of Jurassic Park. Struggling to raise support for his research, he believes that the creatures of Jurassic Park are theme park monsters, and not real dinosaurs. Ellie Sattler has married a lawyer named Mark Delger and has a son, Charlie, who calls Alan "The Dinosaur Man." One afternoon, while out on a dig, Alan's assistant Billy Brennan demonstrates how he can use a 3D printer to replicate the larynx of a Velociraptor. They also discuss how raptors are far more intelligent than they had previously believed, and had a complex social structure and hunting pattern.
A wealthy couple, Paul and Amanda Kirby, arrive and offer Alan some generous funding for his research if he will give them an aerial tour of Isla Sorna. Desperate for the money to fund further research, Alan reluctantly agrees. He flies there along with Paul, Amanda, Billy, and the Kirbys' associates, Udesky, Cooper and their pilot, Nash in a Beechcraft King Air B200. On board the plane, Alan learns that the Kirby's plan is to land on the island, which contradicts what they had promised earlier. When he objects, he is knocked out by Cooper, only to awaken to the sound of Amanda calling out to someone on the island using a bullhorn. This attracts a hungry Spinosaurus; Cooper leads it into the path of the plane before he is devoured. The plane then crashes into the trees in the surrounding jungle, and is quickly destroyed; when the Spinosaurus attacks again, where Nash is eaten by the beast. After fleeing the wreckage of their plane, the survivors manage to briefly lose the Spinosaurus when it gets caught between two trees. As they flee to safety, a Tyrannosaurus feasting on a carcass appears, and the Spinosaurus returns, but the humans escape while the two distracted dinosaurs fight each other; the Spinosaurus unable to overpower the T.rex, desperately kills it by snapping its neck.
Demanding the truth from the Kirbys, Alan learns that they're really a middle-class divorced couple who are using their life savings to look for their lost son, Eric, who disappeared with Ben eight weeks ago near Isla Sorna. Alan is dubious that Eric could have survived eight weeks on Isla Sorna. Further exploration leads them to find the parasail entangled in a tree, with Ben's decomposing body still attached to it. A video recorder shows them Ben and Eric's final descent onto the island. When they stumble upon some raptor nests with eggs, they flee, taking the parasail with them. They find an abandoned InGen compound and search in vain for functioning communications equipment. After finding several broken-down vending machines and phones, they make their way to a derelict laboratory.
Amanda sees a Velociraptor and is ambushed. The group flees, but the pursuing raptor signals its pack mates to chase them. During the ensuing chase, Udesky and Grant become separated from the others after causing a herd of Corythosaurus and Parasaurolophus to stampede; Alan grabs Billy's satchel that he dropped, and Udesky is killed by the raptors. Alan suspects the raptors are searching for something. He is rescued by Eric, who has managed to survive for eight weeks in an overturned supply truck. Eric recognizes the sound of his father's satellite phone, which was lost when Nash was devoured; they're reunited with the Kirbys and Billy before the Spinosaurus arrives again with the satellite phone, ringing from inside the monster. They hide inside a small building and bar the doors until the Spinosaurus leaves.
Billy becomes possessive of his satchel; Alan realizes he has taken two eggs from the raptor's nest hoping the contents will fund their next dig, and this justifies the raptor attacks. Alan berates Billy for his careless behavior saying "You are no better than the people who built this place". They make their way to a large outdoor complex, and Alan realizes in horror that the complex is a giant cage to house Pteranodons, which attack the group and fly away with Eric, taking him as food for their young. Billy uses the remnants of Ben's parasail to rescue Eric, shortly before he falls into the river below, then is attacked and seemingly killed by some of the Pteranodons. The rest of the group find their way out of the cage, leaving the door unlocked in their panic, and make their way down river using a small boat. Later, they encounter a herd of several other dinosaurs on the riverside.
By nightfall, the group finds and retrieves the satellite phone from inside the feces belonging to the Spinosaurus. After retrieving the phone, they are confronted by a Ceratosaurus, which leaves after sniffing the feces on the humans. Later, as rain falls, the Spinosaurus once again follows them down river silently, where it begins attacking and capsizing the boat as Alan tries to contact Ellie. He is only able to convey the words "The River, Site B" before the phone disconnects. Alan and Paul manage to scare off the Spinosaurus for good by lighting the boat's fuel on fire. The next day, the group starts making their way towards the shoreline. Close to their goal, they are surrounded by the raptors once again. Using the imitation raptor larynx, Alan manages to confuse them, and Amanda surrenders the stolen eggs before the sound of helicopters startle off the raptors.
Returning to the beach, they find that Ellie had called in the U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. Navy to rescue them. They discover that Billy, while seriously injured, is alive. As they leave the island, they see the Pteranodon group flying free, and Alan muses that it's time for them to find their place in the world again.
- Sam Neill as Dr. Alan Grant, the world-famous paleontologist who survived the incident on Isla Nublar and has since developed an apathetic attitude towards the creatures he once admired.
- William H. Macy as Paul Kirby, the owner of a hardware store who poses as a wealthy businessman in order to lure Grant into helping search for his son.
- Téa Leoni as Amanda Kirby, Paul's former wife, who accompanies the group to Isla Sorna to search for her son.
- Alessandro Nivola as Billy Brennan, a young and over-enthusiastic graduate student from Grant's dig site.
- Trevor Morgan as Eric Kirby, Paul and Amanda's 12-year-old son, stranded on Isla Sorna.
- Michael Jeter as Udesky, one of the mercenaries.
- John Diehl as Cooper, a mercenary and weapons specialist.
- Bruce A. Young as M. B. Nash, another of the mercenaries
- Laura Dern as Dr. Ellie Degler, née Sattler, a paleobotanist who also survived Isla Nublar.
- Taylor Nichols as Mark Degler, Ellie's husband.
- Mark Harelik as Ben Hildebrand, Amanda's boyfriend.
- Julio Oscar Mechoso as Enrique Cardoso, the owner and operator of the "Dino-Soar" parasailing service.
- Blake Michael Bryan as Charlie Degler, Ellie and Mark's son
- Sarah Danielle Madison as Cheryl Logan, one of Grant's graduate students at the Fort Peck Lake dig site.
- Linda Park as Hannah, Ellie's secretary.
Dinosaurs on screen
Joe Johnston had been interested in directing the sequel to Jurassic Park and approached Spielberg, a friend of his, about the project. While Spielberg wanted to direct the first sequel, he agreed that if there was ever a third film, Johnston could direct. Universal Pictures announced the film on June 29, 1998, with Spielberg acting as a producer. Michael Crichton was reportedly going to collaborate with Spielberg to create a storyline and write a script. The film was set for release in summer 2000.
In June 1999, Craig Rosenberg wrote a draft of the script involving teenagers who get marooned on Isla Sorna. Johnston was announced as the film's director in August 1999, with Rosenberg still attached. Production was expected to begin in early 2000.
New writers were brought in to scribe a story involving Pteranodon escaping from Site B and causing a spate of mysterious killings on the mainland, which was to be investigated by Alan Grant and a number of other characters including Billy Brennan, a naturalist named Simone, a tough military attaché, wealthy Paul Roby, and Roby's teenage son Miles. Grant's group crash-lands on the island, while a parallel investigation is being carried out on the mainland. The aviary sequence and laboratory set piece were initially much longer and more complex, including Velociraptor stealthily entering the hatchery as the team spends the night there. Sets, costumes, and props were built for this version.
In February 2000, filming was reportedly set to begin in Fiordland, New Zealand around the end of the month. Scenes were originally planned to be filmed there for The Lost World: Jurassic Park. In March 2000, Maui, Hawaii was reportedly chosen instead of New Zealand. Sam Neill signed on to the project in June 2000, with 18 weeks of filming expected to begin by August 2000, for a release in July 2001. Macy originally turned down his role due to scheduling conflicts. Trevor Morgan and Téa Leoni were cast in August 2000, with Utah's Dinosaur National Monument and an Oahu military base being considered as possible filming locations.
Five weeks before filming began, Johnston and Spielberg rejected the entire script as they were dissatisfied with it; $18 million had already been spent on the film at that time. The "rescue mission" plot, which had been suggested by David Koepp, was used for the film instead. Alexander Payne and Jim Taylor began rewriting the script in July 2000. Johnston said that the script was never finished during production: "We shot pages that eventually went into the final script but we didn't have a document". During the pre-production phase, concept artists created advertising for the film using a number of working titles including Jurassic Park: Extinction and Jurassic Park: Breakout.
Production began on August 30, 2000, at Dillingham Airfield in Mokuleia, Hawaii. The following month, a teaser trailer was released online. Filming continued on Oahu until September 9. Aerial footage of Molokai's North Shore cliffs was then shot over the next two days, followed by a week of filming in Kauai. Filming concluded in Hawaii on September 20, 2000. Production then moved to California. John August was hired to do uncredited work on the script in September 2000. Scenes were filmed at Occidental College in Los Angeles on October 10, 2000. Scenes were filmed at Center Bay Studios in Los Angeles at the end of October. Other filming locations in California included South Pasadena and a rock quarry in Irwindale. Filming also took place at Universal Studios' backlot in Los Angeles. Production returned to Hawaii in January 2001, to film the movie's ending, which had yet to be written during the previous Hawaiian shoot. The ending was filmed on Kauai's Pila'a Beach.
The storyline contains minor scenes from Crichton's Jurassic Park and The Lost World novels that were ultimately not featured in the film versions, such as the Pteranodon aviary and the use of the boat. In a deviation from the previous films, the Spinosaurus is considered the primary antagonist: Johnston stated, "A lot of dinosaurs have a very similar silhouette to the T-Rex ... and we wanted the audience to instantly recognize this as something else." The silhouette of the Spinosaurus is also on the poster behind the Pteranodon, taking the place of the Tyrannosaurus which had been used in the previous films' posters. Baryonyx was originally considered to be the "big bad" before Spinosaurus was chosen, and early concept posters reflected this. Within film dialogue, Billy interprets the animal encountered as a Baryonyx or Suchomimus, but Dr. Grant corrects his analysis based on its sail.
The special effects used for the dinosaurs were a mixture of animatronics and CGI. Due to new discoveries and theories in the field of paleontology, the portrayal of several dinosaurs differed from that of the previous films. Discoveries suggesting that Velociraptor were feathered prompted the addition of quill-like structures on the head and neck of the males in the film. "We've found evidence that Velociraptors had feathers, or feather-like structures, and we've incorporated that into the new look of the raptor", said paleontologist Jack Horner, the film's technical adviser.
Given John Williams was busy writing the music for Spielberg's own A.I. Artificial Intelligence, he recommended Don Davis to write the Jurassic Park III score. Williams' original themes were integrated into the score as well as several new ones, such as one for the Spinosaurus that focused on low sounds, with tubas, trombones and timpani. The fight between him and the Tyrannosaurus, compared by Davis to King Kong fighting a dinosaur in the 1933 film, had a juxtaposition of the Spinosaurus theme with the one Williams wrote for the T. rex. In addition, "Big Hat, No Cattle", a song by Randy Newman, was used in a restaurant scene.
The film earned $181,171,875 in the United States and $368,780,809 worldwide, making it the eighth-highest-grossing film of the year worldwide but still earning less than either of its predecessors. As with the other films in the franchise, there was a large marketing push, including seven video games and a novelization aimed at young children. The film was released on VHS and DVD in December 2001. It was re-released with both sequels in December 2001 as the Jurassic Park Trilogy, and as the Jurassic Park Adventure Pack in November 2005. The film has also been released as a two-disc DVD set alongside Hulk. In 2011, the film was released on Blu-ray as part of the Jurassic Park Ultimate Trilogy. The soundtrack was released in July 2001.
Scott Ciencin wrote three children's books to tie in with the film; the first detailed the eight weeks Eric spent alone on Isla Sorna; the second had Eric and Alan returning to Isla Sorna to rescue a group of teenage filmmakers; and the last involved Eric and Alan leading the Pteranodon home after they nest in a Universal Studios theme park.
Jurassic Park III has received mixed to positive reviews from critics and fans. Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a 49% rating based on 159 reviews. The site's consensus states: "The dinos are as cool as ever, but there's too much of a 'been there, done that' feel." It also has a 42 out of 100 on Metacritic, indicating mixed or average reviews. On both sites, it is the lowest rated film out of the Jurassic Park trilogy.
Entertainment Weekly 's Owen Gleiberman, who praised both the previous Jurassic Park films, awarded the third film only a C grade, writing "Jurassic Park III has no pretensions to be anything more than a goose-bumpy fantasy theme-park ride for kids, but it's such a routine ride. Spielberg's wizardry is gone, and his balletic light touch as well, and that gives too much of this 90-minute movie over to the duller-than-dull characters." Derek Elley of Variety Reviews felt likewise, calling the film "an all-action, helter-skelter, don't-forget-to-buy-the-computer-game ride that makes the two previous installments look like models of classic filmmaking". Ben Varkontine of PopMatters called it "not as good a ride as the first", but "better than the second." Much of the criticism was leveled at the plot as simply a chase movie with no character development; Apollo Movie Guide panned the film as being "almost the same as the first movie" with "no need for new ideas or even a script". Empire magazine gave the film 3 stars out of 5, commenting that it was "Short, scrappy and intermittently scary" and that the film ultimately "skews young".
On Ebert and Roeper, Richard Roeper gave it a Thumbs Down, while Roger Ebert awarded a Thumbs Up. In a subsequent review, Ebert called it "the best blockbuster of the Summer". In his written review, Ebert gave the film three stars and wrote that while the film was not as awe-inspiring as the first film or as elaborate as the second, "it's a nice little thrill machine. [...] I can't praise it for its art, but I must not neglect its craft..."
Early pioneer of the dinosaur-bird connection Robert T. Bakker has quipped that the feathery quills added to the Velociraptor for Jurassic Park III "looked like a roadrunner's toupee." However, he conceded that feathers are difficult subjects for computer animation and speculated that "Jurassic Park IV"'s raptors would have more realistic thorough plumage.
Awards and nominations
|Saturn Awards||Best Science Fiction Film||Nominated|
|Best Special Effects||Jim Mitchell, Stan Winston (uncredited), Danny Gordon Taylor, Donald R. Elliott, John Rosengrant||Nominated|
|Satellite Awards||Best Visual Effects||Nominated|
|Best Sound Mixing||Howell Gibbens||Nominated|
|Golden Trailer Awards||Best Horror/Thriller Film||Nominated|
|Golden Reel Awards||Best Sound Editing – Effects & Foley||Howell Gibbens, Christopher Boyes, James Likowski, Frank E. Eulner and Ken Fischer||Nominated|
|Sierra Awards||Best DVD||Won|
|BMI Film Awards||Best Music||Don Davis and John Williams||Won|
|Golden Raspberry Awards||Worst Remake or Sequel||Nominated|
|Stinkers Bad Movie Awards||Worst Actress||Tea Leoni||Nominated|
|Worst Screenplay for a Film Grossing More Than $100 Million Worldwide Using Hollywood Math||Peter Buchman, Alexander Payne, Jim Taylor, based on the book by Michael Crichton||Nominated|
Hasbro released a line of 3.75" action figures in the spring of 2001 to coincide with the release, including electronic dinosaurs, humans, and vehicles. The figures were scaled down from the original Kenner action figures from the pre-JP3 toy lines. A smaller die-cast line of toys was also produced, along with clothes, books, and an interactive game. An arcade game, produced by Konami, and a video game, were also part of the Jurassic Park 3 merchandise.
A sequel, titled Jurassic World, is set to be released on June 12, 2015.
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