Jurassic World

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Jurassic World
Jurassic World poster.jpg
Teaser poster
Directed by Colin Trevorrow
Produced by
Screenplay by
Story by
  • Rick Jaffa
  • Amanda Silver
Based on Characters created 
by Michael Crichton
Music by Michael Giacchino
Cinematography John Schwartzman
Edited by Kevin Stitt
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release dates
  • June 12, 2015 (2015-06-12)
Running time
124 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $150–180 million+[2][3]

Jurassic World is an upcoming 2015 American science fiction adventure film directed by Colin Trevorrow. It is the fourth installment in the Jurassic Park film series. The screenplay was co-written by Rick Jaffa, Amanda Silver, Derek Connolly and Trevorrow. The film stars Chris Pratt, Bryce Dallas Howard, Vincent D'Onofrio, Ty Simpkins, Nick Robinson, B. D. Wong, and Irrfan Khan. Wong is the only actor from any of the previous films to appear in Jurassic World.

A fourth film was initially intended to begin production in 2004 for a summer 2005 release, but endured over a decade of "development hell" as scheduled release dates were pushed back several times while the script went through revisions. Steven Spielberg, director of the first two Jurassic Park films, acts as executive producer as he did for the third film Jurassic Park III. Thomas Tull also acts as an executive producer;[4] his production company, Legendary Pictures, funded approximately 20 percent of the film's budget.[5] The film was produced by Frank Marshall and Patrick Crowley, and is scheduled to be released on June 12, 2015 in North America, by Universal Pictures. It is the second film to take place on Isla Nublar, as the previous two films took place on Isla Sorna.

Plot summary[edit]

Twenty-two years after the events of Jurassic Park, Isla Nublar, an island located off Central America's Pacific Coast near Costa Rica, now features a fully functioning dinosaur theme park, Jurassic World, as originally envisioned by John Hammond.[6] This new park is owned by the Masrani Global Corporation. Owen Grady (Chris Pratt), a member of the park's on-site staff, conducts behavioral research on a group of Velociraptors,[6] known as Blue, Charlie, Delta and Echo.[7] At the corporation's request, the park's geneticists create a hybrid dinosaur[6] known as Indominus rex[8] (created from the DNA of Giganotosaurus, Rugops, Majungasaurus, and Carnotaurus[9]) to boost visitor attendance.[2] Claire Dearing (Bryce Dallas Howard) is the park's operations manager. Her nephews, Zach (Nick Robinson) and Gray (Ty Simpkins), are visiting the island when the hybrid escapes and are subsequently caught up in the creature's deadly rampage.[2] Now, it is up to Owen and Jurassic World's security team to contain the hybrid dinosaur before she can cause more damage.




In March 2001, Jurassic Park III director Joe Johnston denied rumors of a fourth film.[24] Late in Jurassic Park III‍ '​s production, executive producer Steven Spielberg devised a story idea for a fourth film. He wished the idea had been used for the third film instead.[25] In June 2001, Johnston said he would not direct the film, and that Spielberg had a story idea that would take the series' mythology to a new level.[26] Johnston later said the film would feel like a departure from previous films, implying it would not be set on an island.[27] In July 2001, actor Sam Neill, who portrayed Dr. Alan Grant in previous films, said he could not imagine a way for his character to be involved in another film.[28] That same month, Johnston denied, then later hinted, that the film would involve the Pteranodons from the ending of Jurassic Park III.[29][30]

In April 2002, it was reported that the film would be the last one in the series, and would ignore its predecessor's events.[31] In a June 2002 interview with Starlog magazine, Steven Spielberg officially confirmed the fourth film, which he hoped to have Joe Johnston direct. Spielberg confirmed there was a story which he considered to be the best one since the first film.[25] On November 4, 2002, Sam Neill said there was a chance he would be in the film.[32] On November 7, 2002, William Monahan was announced as screenwriter, with Spielberg as executive producer and Kathleen Kennedy as producer.[33] A month later, the film was announced for a summer 2005 release.[34]

In January 2003, Jeff Goldblum said he had been asked to stay available for a possible return of his character Ian Malcolm.[35] On January 30, 2003, it was reported that the story would involve dinosaurs migrating to the Costa Rican mainland. A team of experts, including Alan Grant and Ian Malcolm, chart an expedition to one of InGen's offshore islands and discover the dinosaurs breeding uncontrollablly.[36][37] In April 2003, Stan Winston confirmed his special-effects studio was in the design phase for the film. Winston also said that Spielberg wanted to adapt several previously unfilmed scenes from Michael Crichton's Jurassic Park novels.[38] In July 2003, Keira Knightley said she was in consideration for two separate roles, including a small role as a granddaughter.[39] Monahan's first draft of the script was finished later that month, with a story no longer set in the jungle as in previous films. A director had yet to be discussed at that time.[40] Sam Neill confirmed he would reprise his character, with filming set to begin in 2004 in California and Hawaii.[41]

In September 2003, Richard Attenborough said he would reprise his role as John Hammond.[42] In October 2003, paleontologist Jack Horner said he would return as technical adviser for the fourth film as he had done for previous Jurassic Park films. Horner hinted that Velociraptors would be an integral part of the film.[43] Later that month, Horner was asked about a hypothetical idea of humans evolving from dinosaurs rather than mammals. Horner responded "keep thinking about that, and in a couple of years go see Jurassic Park 4."[44] Keira Knightley's character was written out in late 2003.[45] In March 2004, Joe Johnston said he had not been asked to direct the film, and hoped that Steven Spielberg would direct it. Johnston said a story was being written that would take the series in a completely different direction "away from the island and away from the T-Rex and all this."[46] In May 2004, it was reported that screenwriter John Sayles was writing the script.[47] Sayles was hired to finish earlier work done by Monahan, who had left the project to work on Kingdom of Heaven.[48] By June 2004, Frank Marshall had joined the project as a producer.[49]

In June 2004, it was reported that Alex Proyas was in discussions to direct, with filming expected to begin in March 2005 for a re-scheduled winter 2005 release. Filming would have started at Pinewood Studios, where a massive tank was to be constructed for scenes involving marine reptiles.[50][51] In July 2004, the script was being rewritten, with Jeremy Piven and Emmy Rossum being considered for two of the lead roles and Richard Attenborough reprising his character.[45] Later that month, Proyas said he was not interested in directing the film.[52]

In August 2004, Aint It Cool News published a review of a leaked draft of the film's script. The story would have involved a new character, a mercenary named Nick Harris, who is hired by a Swiss corporation and put in charge of training a team of five genetically-modified Deinonychus for use in rescue missions. John Hammond would be the only returning character in this draft.[53][54] In 2005, John Sayles confirmed this to be an early draft of the script, intercepted through Steven Spielberg's email by a hacker.[55]

In late August 2004, David Boreanaz was rumored and later reported to have the lead role.[56][57] Boreanaz was actually in consideration for Fantastic Four.[58] Sayles was still re-writing the script in September 2004, with the film on track for a winter 2005 release.[59] Sayles' next draft, which involved genetically engineered human-dinosaur mercenaries, was scrapped.[60]

In April 2005, Stan Winston confirmed the film was on hold due to repeated revisions of the film's script, none of which satisfied Spielberg. According to Winston, "He felt neither of [the drafts] balanced the science and adventure elements effectively. It's a tough compromise to reach, as too much science will make the movie too talky, but too much adventure will make it seem hollow."[61] In November 2005, Spielberg said he planned to include a scene in the film (taken from the novel, The Lost World) that would involve characters on motorcycles outrunning raptors.[62]

In January 2006, Joe Johnston and Jack Horner were working on a new screenplay,[63] with more work on it expected to begin immediately after the 2008 release of Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull.[64] In February 2006, Frank Marshall said the film now had a good script, with filming expected to begin in 2007 for a 2008 release.[65] In March 2006, Marshall said the film had a script and was getting a director, with Johnston as a possible candidate.[66] In April 2006, Marshall said there was an idea for the film, but not a script. Marshall went on to deny that Michael Crichton would write the script, or that Steven Spielberg would direct it.[67] The script was still being worked on in June 2006.[68]

In July 2006, Spielberg denied an Internet rumor that Breck Eisner would direct, saying Johnston was standing by for the job.[69] In December 2006, Laura Dern said she was open to the possibility of reprising her role as Ellie Sattler, but had not been contacted about appearing in the film.[70] In March 2007, Sam Neill said he knew nothing about the project.[71]

In April 2007, Dern said she had been contacted about appearing in the film, with filming expected to begin within the year for release in 2008.[72] It was also reported that Joe Johnston would not be directing the film.[73] In December 2007, Frank Marshall said further work on the script could not commence until the end of the 2007–08 Writers Guild of America strike, with filming potentially starting in 2008 for a release in the summer of 2009.[74] Jack Horner's 2009 book, How to Build a Dinosaur, was originally meant to come out at the same time as the film as a scientific companion volume.[75]

Richard Attenborough, before his death, was contacted about reprising the role of John Hammond.[76] Jeff Goldblum had expressed some interest in reprising his role of Ian Malcolm for the fourth film.[77]

In December 2008, Frank Marshall and Kathleen Kennedy were asked if there was any development on the sequel. Kennedy responded, "No... I don't know. You know, when Michael Crichton passed away, I sorta felt maybe that's it. Maybe that's a sign that we don't mess with it."[78] While Marshall and Kennedy were no longer signed with Universal Pictures in a production capacity, it was said that the two would remain involved with the studio and its plans for Jurassic Park 4.[79] In November 2009, Joe Johnston discussed the possibility of Jurassic Park 4, stating that the story for the film is completely different from that of its predecessors and would take the franchise into a whole other trilogy.[80] In a January 2010 interview, Johnston reiterated that Jurassic Park 4 was set to be the beginning of a second Jurassic Park trilogy.[81] He described the story as "essentially the beginning of the second Jurassic Park trilogy."[82][83]

By June 16, 2011, Spielberg had met twice with writer Mark Protosevich to work on a story for a potential fourth Jurassic Park film.[84][85]

At the 2011 San Diego Comic-Con, Spielberg said a writer was working on a treatment for the film, which he said would be possibly released "within the next two or three years."[86][87] A representative from Universal said 2013 would be the preferred deadline for completion.[88] Over the next three months, Mark Protosevich wrote two story treatments for the film.[89] Spielberg had hoped to have a writer working on a full screenplay for Jurassic Park IV by the time he started filming his other project, Lincoln, in October 2011, with the hope that the script would be finished by the time Lincoln was finished. However, he and Kathleen Kennedy felt neither of Protosevich's treatments consisted of the right story for a fourth film.[90]

Despite this, Spielberg said in October 2011 that the script was being written by Protosevich, and that he felt the story they were working on was stronger than that of Jurassic Park III.[91] In January 2012, Spielberg announced that he would not be directing the film, opting instead to be a producer.[92] On June 21, it was confirmed that Rise of the Planet of the Apes writers Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver would be scripting Jurassic Park 4.[93]


On January 11, 2013, Universal said the film would be shot in 3D and released June 13, 2014.[94] In February, it was reported that Kathleen Kennedy would not be producing the film in favor of focusing on Star Wars: The Force Awakens for 2015.[95] Producer Frank Marshall said, "No decisions have been made regarding where we are shooting."[96] Shortly thereafter, the director of studio operations at Raleigh Studios in Baton Rouge, Louisiana confirmed that Universal Pictures had reserved space there from April to November 2013, without specifying the project for which it was reserved.[97] On March 14, 2013, Universal announced that Colin Trevorrow, director of Safety Not Guaranteed, would be directing the film,[98][99] while Patrick Crowley was announced as a producer.[100]

Director Brad Bird, who was working on Tomorrowland, was also interested in directing Star Wars: The Force Awakens. To work around schedule conflicts, Bird suggested to Kennedy the idea of having Trevorrow work as a stand-in to perform early production work on Star Wars, which Bird could then direct after Tomorrowland had concluded filming. These plans did not materialize. However, as a result of these discussions, Kennedy and Marshall watched Trevorrow's film, Safety Not Guaranteed, and were impressed by it. Marshall subsequently had Spielberg meet with Trevorrow,[101] who was then hired before he read the script, which was titled Jurassic Park IV and was still being written by Jaffa and Silver.[102]

Jaffa and Silver wrote a draft that revolved around a functioning dinosaur theme park, an idea that came from Spielberg.[103] The idea of trained Velociraptors, from Sayles' earlier draft, was also present in Jaffa and Silver's draft.[104] After reading the script, Trevorrow declined to direct the film unless it could be done in a different way.[104] Trevorrow pitched a new story idea,[101] and then began working on a completely new script with writing partner Derek Connolly.[105][106] Trevorrow and Connolly maintained the basic storyline of a functioning dinosaur theme park.[103] Two story ideas from earlier drafts were also kept: a homicidal dinosaur that has to be stopped, and a human who has a relationship with Velociraptors.[102][103] However, Trevorrow felt those ideas in their original form were too extreme and had to be "pulled way, way, way back."[102][103] A previous draft also included multiple hybrid dinosaurs, which was ultimately reduced to one.[102] In April 2013, Jack Horner said in an interview that a new, previously extinct creature would rise to stardom in the film, saying, "I can't actually tell you who that will be... But you'll want to keep the lights on after you see this movie."[107]

Trevorrow and Connolly wrote their draft of the script over a couple of weeks.[102] The studio received the draft on May 6, 2013, and found the script changes more large-scale than anticipated.[106] On May 8, 2013, the studio announced it was pushing the release from June 13, 2014, to an unspecified future date.[108][109] Prior to the delay, actors Bryce Dallas Howard, David Oyelowo and Garrett Hedlund had been considered for roles in the film.[110] Filming had been set to begin June 24, 2013.[106] Delaying the film allowed Trevorrow and Connolly more time to work on the script.[105] Another reason for the delay was to allow time for the construction of practical sets for the fictional theme park; it was previously intended to add in these buildings using computer effects.[102]

On May 2, 2013, Trevorrow tweeted a picture of Kauai taken during location scouting with the caption "Nublar", the name of the island in the original film.[111] That November, he tweeted that "Reboot is a strong word. This is a new sci-fi terror adventure set 22 years after the horrific events of Jurassic Park."[112] According to Trevorrow in August 2013, the film's release date had been pushed to 2015.[113]

In May 2013, Sam Neill said it was unlikely he would be a part of the film, stating, "I'm told it's a big reboot, a total re-jig."[114] On June 1, 2013, Trevorrow tweeted an assurance that the film was "very much alive. We're writing and designing."[115] On June 18, 2013, a teaser banner was revealed at Licensing Expo 2013, giving a 2015 release.[116] By August 15, 2013, John Krasinski was in talks for a role as a dinosaur tamer.[117]

On September 10, 2013, Universal Pictures confirmed the film would be titled Jurassic World and would be released on June 12, 2015.[110] Trevorrow chose to rename the film from its previous title, Jurassic Park IV, to differentiate it from previous films in the series.[118] That same month, Bryce Dallas Howard was in early negotiations to play a role,[119] and was cast in early November.[120] By mid-October, Ty Simpkins had been cast as the child lead and Jake Johnson was being considered for a role.[121] Nick Robinson was cast as Simpkins' older brother,[122] while Josh Brolin was in talks to play the adult lead.[123] By the middle of the month, Brolin was no longer in talks for the film, and Chris Pratt was in early negotiations for the lead role,[124] a "rugged, ex-military man named Owen."[125] Ron Howard tweeted in January 2014 that Pratt had been cast in a lead role.[126]

On February 5, 2014, Trevorrow revealed that cinematographer John Schwartzman would be filming Jurassic World using Panavision cameras shooting on a combination of Kodak 35mm and 65mm film.[127] One of the 65mm cameras used on the production had been used in the past to shoot Stanley Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey.[128] The reason the filmmakers chose to shoot Jurassic World on film stock instead of on digital cameras, in addition to Spielberg's and Schwartzman's own personal preference for the format, was in an effort to match the visual aesthetic of the previous three film-shot Jurassic Park pictures, as well as the fact that the film's exterior jungle scenes required a greater dynamic range of light than digital cameras could provide. 65mm film was used for visual effect sequences as well as location shots where the filmmakers wanted extra visual impact.[129] The film is being presented in a 2.00:1 aspect ratio, an intermediate ratio that falls between the two industry standard widescreen aspect ratios of 1.85:1 and 2.35:1. This was chosen because it allowed enough height for humans and dinosaurs to fit into the same frame without giving up a sense of scope, and closely matches the ratio of a digital IMAX screen.[130]

By February 7, Legendary Pictures had agreed to co-finance the film.[131] By February 28, Vincent D'Onofrio had joined the cast to play the film's antagonist. Irrfan Khan was also cast as head of the Masrani Corporation, now in ownership of Isla Nublar and the park.[132][133] That same month, Trevorrow confirmed that B. D. Wong would reprise his role as Dr. Henry Wu, and said the character would have a more significant role than in the original film.[105] On March 21, 2014, French actor Omar Sy announced he had joined the cast.[134] On March 26, 2014, actor Jake Johnson confirmed his role in Jurassic World as a tech-savvy operations overseer named Lowery.[135][136] By April 3, Judy Greer, Katie McGrath, and Lauren Lapkus had joined the cast.[137] Andy Buckley was cast on May 7.[138] By June 27, James DuMont had also joined the cast.[139]


Principal photography and production began on April 10, 2014,[140] at the Honolulu Zoo in Hawaii.[141] Filming continued for four weeks on Oahu.[142] At the end of April, filming took place at the Hawaii Convention Center.[143] Filming moved to Kauai on May 15, 2014, and concluded there on June 6, 2014.[142] Filming resumed that day at the abandoned Six Flags in New Orleans, where a scientist village had been constructed. Filming was scheduled to remain in Louisiana for eleven weeks.[144][145] On June 30, 2014, filming took place at Louis Armstrong International Airport in New Orleans; actors Nick Robinson, Ty Simpkins, and Judy Greer were reported to be present.[146] An evacuation scene was filmed at the Audubon Zoo in New Orleans.[144] Swamp scenes were filmed in Slidell, Louisiana.[147] Majority of the filming in New Orleans took place at Big Easy Studios inside the NASA complex in East New Orleans.[148] On August 5, 2014, director Colin Trevorrow announced on Twitter that filming had wrapped.[149]

In an interview with Empire, Trevorrow confirmed that the production had hired Legacy Effects (formerly Stan Winston Studios) to create animatronic dinosaurs for the film, as they had in the previous three films.[150] Animatronic dinosaurs included the four raptors, as well as a practically-built dinosaur that was used for a sequence filmed in Hawaii.[151] Visual effects supervisor Phil Tippett and Industrial Light and Magic also returned to create CGI dinosaurs.[152] The computer generated dinosaurs were created using performance capture, using human actors to perform the dinosaurs' movements.[151]


The film's score will be composed by Michael Giacchino, who previously composed the video games Warpath: Jurassic Park and The Lost World: Jurassic Park, and will incorporate themes from John Williams' previous Jurassic Park scores.[153][154] Giacchino has since shared little snippets of the recording and mixing sessions over social media. The film's score will be released to the public on June 9.[155]


The film is set to release on June 12, 2015 in North America.[156][157] The film will be previewed on June 10, 2015 at Majestic 10 Cinemas in Williston, Vermont, two days prior to the film's worldwide release.[158]

Marketing and promotion[edit]

Two viral websites, for the fictional Masrani Global Corporation and for the Jurassic World theme park, were launched on November 17, 2014.[159] The first trailer for the film was scheduled to be released on November 27, 2014,[160] but Universal Pictures released it on November 25 instead.[161] A television commercial aired during Super Bowl XLIX on February 1, 2015.[162] The second full-length trailer was released on April 20, 2015. A poster that depicts the new aquatic reptile, Mosasaurus, as it prepares to eat a great white shark was released on April 18, 2015. The poster played on two creations by producer Steven Spielberg: dinosaurs from the Jurassic Park franchise and the shark species from Jaws.[163]

Lego released toy sets based on the film in May 2015, to coincide with the film's release.[164] A video game based on the film, titled Lego Jurassic World, will also be released in June 2015.[165] Hasbro will release action figures based on the film.[166]


Scientific accuracy[edit]

A Twitter post attributed to Trevorrow stated there would be no feathered dinosaurs in the film.[167] While the first Jurassic Park film was lauded by paleontologists for depicting dinosaurs accurately and in line with the science of the time, based on current knowledge, changing the public view of dinosaurs as slow and giant lizard-like reptiles, Jurassic World is being criticized for purposely ignoring new discoveries and knowledge, with several dinosaur experts calling the film a 'dumb monster movie' for failing to include new discoveries about the creatures, such as some dinosaurs being covered with feathers or proto-feathers like Tyrannosaurus rex and Velociraptor and the way velociraptors held their front limbs.[168][169][170] Since the film's teaser trailer release, many paleontologists expressed their disappointment on Twitter, Facebook and their own blogs, calling the dinosaurs that were featured a retrograde step from the original Jurassic Park.[171] In response to these criticisms, Trevorrow said that "the film is scientifically 'inaccurate' because it is a science-fiction movie and not a documentary."[169]

Writing credits dispute[edit]

At the end of March 2015, a WGA arbitration panel ruled that Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver would receive a "screenplay by" credit with Trevorrow and Connolly, who strongly disagreed with the decision.[172][173] Trevorrow and Connolly decided that under WGA rules, they did not have grounds to appeal the decision; they accepted the ruling on March 31, 2015.[173] On April 2, 2015, it was reported that Universal Pictures originally wanted the names of one writing team to appear in the screen credits, that being Trevorrow and Connolly, with the late Michael Crichton getting a "based on the novel by" credit. In the film's Super Bowl trailer, the credits showed that the film had been "written by" Trevorrow and Connolly. It was reported that Trevorrow and Connolly appealed the WGA's decision; that they wrote an entirely new screenplay that was not based on Jaffa and Silver's draft; and that they wanted their solo "written by" credit restored.[172]

On April 7, 2015, it was reported that the arbiters had unanimously denied Trevorrow and Connolly's appeal in a second hearing held on April 3, and that they gave Jaffa and Silver an additional "story by" credit. It was reported that Trevorrow and Connolly appealed the WGA's latest decision.[174] Later that day, Trevorrow clarified the situation and denied that he and Connolly appealed the WGA's original decision (giving Jaffa and Silver credit for the screenplay), despite disagreeing with it. Trevorrow also stated that he and Connolly were not informed of the second hearing until it was already over. Although Trevorrow and Connolly strongly disagreed with the decision to give Jaffa and Silver a "story by" credit, they decided not to appeal it.[173] The credits of the screenplay finally went to both writing teams, with a "story by" credit to Jaffa and Silver, and a "based on characters created by" credit to Crichton.[173]

Possible sequels[edit]

On the possibility of potential sequels, Trevorrow said: "We wanted to create something that would be a little bit less arbitrary and episodic, and something that could potentially arc into a series that would feel like a complete story."[150]

See also[edit]


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