|Author||Eleanor H. Porter|
|Publisher||Houghton Mifflin Co|
|Media type||Print (Hardcover)|
Just David is a 1916 children's novel by Eleanor H. Porter. It was among the top six bestsellers in cities across the United States in 1916, and in July 1916 it was the second bestselling novel.
Originally published by Houghton Mifflin, it tells the story of a young boy, David, who must learn to adapt to living with others after the death of his recluse father; along the way, the villagers and his adoptive parents adapt as much or more to him. Though criticized by reviewers as "mush" and "too perfectly lovely," the novel was very popular in the early half of the twentieth century in middle and high schools, and has recently seen a number of reprints. The novel was transcribed in Braille in 1922, and translated in Chinese (1959) and Russian (2005).
David is a ten-year old boy who plays the violin and does not know his last name. He leads an idyllic life in the mountains with his father, until his father becomes gravely ill, forcing them to go down into the valley. With his father's health worsening, they spend the night in a barn. Just before he dies, the father gives David a large number of gold coins, telling him to hide them until they are needed. David plays the violin to soothe his "sleeping father" and is found by Simeon Holly and his wife. Realizing the man is dead, they try to figure out who David is, but all he can tell them is that he is "just David."
David is unable to tell them his last name, his father's name, or if he has any relatives. They find some letters on the dead man, but the signature on it is illegible. The couple reluctantly let him stay with them as he reminds them of their own son, John, whom they no longer speak with. David learns to adjust to live in the village, taking one of his two violins with him wherever he goes and "playing" the world around him, such as playing "the sunset" and "the flowers," and using his music to express his feelings. His innocence and musical skills charm the villagers and change several of their lives, uniting in marriage two childhood sweethearts who had grown apart. He also changes the Hollys, healing Simeon's heart enough that he reconnects with his son and allows him to come visit with his new wife and child.
During the visit, they learn that David's violins are quite valuable. His own is an Amati and his father's, which he had loaned to a blind friend, a Stradivarius. Reading the old letter from David's father, John recognizes the signature and realizes that David's father was a world-famous violinist who had disappeared with his son after his wife's death. David is sent to be reunited with his relatives and to study the violin. He becomes famous and wealthy, but continues to visit the Hollys every year to play for them.
David, who barely understands death, is raised in an environment that has prevented him from learning sin or evil, in what critics have called a "glad book." The overall optimism of the book was noted in the 1917 American Library Annual, which applied to it the generic term of "the pleasant story." The widespread theme of the orphan in American literature is central in the main character of Just David, who through his extraordinary talent restores order to the community and heals broken relationships.
Just David was the second in a string of four bestsellers for Porter between 1913 and 1918. According to The Bookman, in 1916-1917 Just David was among the top six bestsellers in cities across the United States, and in July 1916 it was the second bestselling novel of 1916. Publishers Weekly printed similar numbers. According to The American Library Annual (using information compiled from Publishers Weekly), Just David was the number three book of the year.
Its critical reception was less positive. The Bookman reviewer James L. Ford referred to the novel as "mush". A New York Times reviewer felt the novel was predictable, stating "of course, at the end [David's] identity was discovered, all the good people were rewarded, and everything was just too perfectly lovely for words."
Studies did, however, establish that the novel remained popular with young readers, especially, according to The School Review, among girls. Various studies by The English Journal on the reading habits of junior high students indicated that many of them read and had enjoyed the novel. In the 1920s, it was even transcribed into Braille, but by the 1930s, its popularity in the United States had waned. Chinese and Russian translations appeared in 1959 and 2005, respectively.
More recently, critics have found other matters of interest in the sentimental literature of the period; Just David has been studied for its main character's status as an orphan in a study of fictional orphans' roles in restoring social and personal harmony in their community.
Editions and translations
- Porter, Eleanor Hodgman; Helen Mason Grose (ills.) (1916). Just David. Houghton Mifflin Company, Riverside Press.
- Porter, Eleanor H. (2007). Just David. Fairfield: 1st World Library-Literary Society. ISBN 978-1-4218-9427-0.
- Porter, Eleanor H.; Baozhen Li (trans.) (1959). 神祕的大衞 / Shen mi de Dawei. Xianggang: Xianggang wan li shu dian. OCLC 36436210.
- Porter, Eleanor H.; Alekseĭ Selich (trans.) (2005). Просто Давид / Prosto David. Kremenchug: Khristianskai︠a︡ Zari︠a︡. ISBN 978-966-8031-46-5.
- Porter, Eleanor H.; Nebil Otman (trans.) (1952). Küçük Kemancı. İstanbul: Ahmet Halit Yaşaroğlu Kitapçılık ve Kağıtçılık. p. 160.
- Porter, Eleanor H.; Gülten Suveren (trans.) (1982). Küçük Kemancı. İstanbul: Altın Çocuk Kitapları. p. 203.
- "The Book Mart". The Bookman (Dodd, Mead and Company) 44: 110–11, 214–15, 326–27, 551, 662–63. 1917. Retrieved 2009-03-15.
- The Book Mart 112. In August, it ranked sixth (216), in September fifth (328), in October fifth (440).
- "Rev. of Just David by Eleanor H. Porter" (PDF). The New York Times. 1916-03-26. Retrieved 2009-03-15.
- Ford, James L. (1917). "The Gospel of Literary Mush". The Bookman (Dodd, Mead and Company) 44: 514–16. Retrieved 2009-03-15.
- So noted by Gertrude Rider of the Library of Congress, in Rider, Gertrude T.; Adelia M. Hoyt (1922). "Annual Report on Braille Transcribing". The New Outlook for the Blind: A Quarterly Record of Their Progress and Welfare (Massachusetts Association for Promoting the Interests of the Adult Blind, American Foundation for the Blind) 16 (2): 48. Retrieved 2009-03-16.
- Graham, Bessie (1921). The Bookman's Manual: A Guide to Literature. R.R. Bowker. p. 374.
- The American Library Annual. Publishers Weekly. 1917. p. 140.
- Nelson, Claudia (2003). Little strangers: portrayals of adoption and foster care in America, 1850-1929. Indiana University Press. pp. 136, 143. ISBN 978-0-253-34224-9.
- In 1913, Pollyanna ranked eighth among bestselling novels in the United States, second in 1914, and fourth in 1915 (it went through forty-seven printings between 1915 and 1920); in 1916, Just David ranked third; in 1917, The Road to Understanding ranked fourth; in 1918, Oh Money! Money! ranked fifth. See Burt, Daniel S. (2004). The chronology of American literature: America's literary achievements from the colonial era to modern times. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 321, 328, 339. ISBN 978-0-618-16821-7.
- "Best-Selling Books". The Publishers' Weekly (F.F. Leypoldt) 90: 103, 424–425, 678, 1111. 1916. Retrieved 2009-03-15.
- The American Library Annual. Publishers Weekly. 1917. p. 149.
- Malchow, Evangeline C. (March 1937). "Reading Interests of Junior High School Pupils". The School Review 45 (3): 157–85. ISSN 0036-6773.
- Willett, G.W. (October 1919). "The Reading Interests of High-School Pupils". The English Journal (National Council of Teachers of English) 8 (8): 474–87. doi:10.2307/801034. ISSN 0013-8274. JSTOR 801034.
- Clark, Fannie M. (March 1920). "Teaching Children to Choose". The English Journal (National Council of Teachers of English) 9 (3): 135–46. doi:10.2307/802644. ISSN 0013-8274. JSTOR 802644.
- Lathrop, H.B. (September 1924). "Recent Literature in the High-School Classroom". The English Journal (National Council of Teachers of English) 13 (7): 463–77. doi:10.2307/802404. ISSN 0013-8274. JSTOR 802404.
- "Ex-Best Sellers Get Dusty". Los Angeles Times. 1930-10-27.