Just Out of Reach (Of My Two Open Arms)

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"Just Out of Reach (Of My Two Open Arms)"
Single by Solomon Burke
Released 1961
Recorded 1961
Genre R&B, country
Length 2:35
Label Atlantic
Writer(s) Virgil "Pappy" Stewart
Producer(s) Jerry Wexler

"Just Out of Reach (Of My Two Open Arms)" is a country song written by Virgil "Pappy" Stewart and originally recorded by Stewart and the Arkansas Cowgirls in 1953. It was a minor country hit for Faron Young that same year, reaching #10 on the country chart and was also recorded by Patsy Cline. Its most successful version was recorded by singer Solomon Burke as his second single from Atlantic Records in 1961, becoming Burke's first hit single.

Background[edit]

When Burke arrived for his first recording session at the Atlantic Records studio at 1841 Broadway, Manhattan, New York on 13 December 1960,[1] he was given four songs, including his first Atlantic release, "Keep the Magic Working", which was a flop[2] and "Just Out Of Reach (Of My Two Empty Arms)",[3] a cover of a country song written and recorded by Virgil "Pappy" Stewart,[4][5] that had been a minor hit for Faron Young in 1953 (#10 C&W),[6] and later for Patsy Cline. Burke figured this did not portend a long future with Wexler and Atlantic: "Here’s the greatest R&B label in the world, and they give me country songs to sing. What are they trying to tell me?."[3] In 2005 Burke recalled: "I started out as a cowboy on Atlantic Records – without a horse! I was the only singing cowboy with a corned-beef-and-pastrami sandwich on white with mayonnaise."[7] Despite his reservations, Burke, "accompanied by smooth backing vocals and an arrangement equal parts Nashville and Nat King Cole, gave it his best."[3] Burke: "I like country music but I don't think it was deliberate. I think it was something we just accidentally happened onto. By my being versatile. By my being able to sing different songs – being able to change my tone quality, having the different octaves. You must remember, I was capable of singing anything." Burke recalled: "They weren’t happy with my rendition, because I felt I had to talk. We did it several times and I kept talking on the record. Mr. Wexler said 'I don’t think that’s gonna work'. At that time Mr. Paul Ackerman and others said 'leave it in. We don’t know what we’re doing anyway. This is something new we’re trying. No black artist has ever done country music before, so let’s see what’s gonna happen'. That was the turning point of my career – after that, international artist worldwide." When recalling Burke's first recording session at Atlantic, Wexler added in 2002: "There was a blizzard the morning we were to do the first recording session with Solomon and I didn't know if I would be able to get into New York. The trains weren't running, but I made it in that morning and there was Solomon, who had come up from Philadelphia. We did four songs in three hours, including 'Just Out of Reach'. After we finished recording, I went into the control room to listen to the playback. I looked around for Solomon, but he was heading out the door. He said he had to get back to Philadelphia while it was still light because he had a job shoveling snow. I think he was getting paid $3.50 an hour. He already had something like eight kids."[8] According to Tony Cummings, "Despite the use of a different arranger at each session Solomon conquered all. His rich, vibrant, baritone voice brought the full majesty of the gospel tradition to a series of intense, moody ballads and laid down the solid groundwork of the soon-to-follow soul music explosion.[9]

Release and reaction[edit]

Released in August 1961,[10] after the earlier uncharted release of "Keep the Magic Working" b/w "How Many Times?" (Atlantic 2089),[1] "Just Out of Reach (Of My Two Open Arms)" (Atlantic 2114) was Burke's first hit, selling over a million copies,[11] and subsequently spent 19 weeks on the R&B charts while climbing to #7, as well as crossing over into the pop top 40, reaching #24 on November 20, 1961.[12][13]

Concert promoters in Mississippi, South Carolina, and Alabama, who were unaware that Burke was an African-American, accidentally booked him to sing at Ku Klux Klan picnics and rallies, with up to 30,000 hooded Klansmen in attendance.[14][15][16] In a 2002 interview Burke recalled: "Way down in the South somewhere, I showed up and the promoter said to me, "Is Solomon Burke here yet?" I said, "Yeah, I'm right here." His eyes grow wide and he walks away. The guy comes back with the sheriff and he says, "Boy, don't play games. Show me some I.D." So he looks at it and pulls the promoter aside and says, "You got a problem. You can't let him go out there." So they called the doctor and had him cover my face in bandages and made it look like I had an accident. That's how I performed that night."[14][17]

Impact[edit]

The song was credited as "fundamental to the emergence of soul music",[18] was "especially well received down South",[19] "successfully appealed to white consumers by using tidy tone quality, minimal improvisation, and standard, middle-American dialect", "instantly established Burke as a huge presence ... [and] "also introduced Burke's slightly country-tinged voice that melded R&B and country music and set the template that Ray Charles would follow the next year with his classic Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music."[20] Burke "summed up the underlying connection between the musics of the black and white South: 'Gospel is the truth. And country music is the truth.'"[21] In 2003 Burke's recording of "Just Out of Reach" was ranked #223 on a list of country music's 500 greatest singles.[22]

Cover versions[edit]

A cover version by Merle Kilgore peaked at number 74 on the Billboard Hot Country Singles chart in 1984.[23]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Atlantic Records Discography: 1960. Jazzdisco.org. Retrieved on 2011-04-07.
  2. ^ "Song Fades for Larger than Life Soul King", The Times, (October 12, 2010),
  3. ^ a b c Kurt B. Reighley, "Solomon Burke: The Return of the King: Solomon Burke's Grand Comeback Becomes a Whole New Beginning", The Long Way Around 57 (May–June 2005)/
  4. ^ "JUST OUT OF REACH OF MY TWO OP (Legal Title)", BMI Work #789241
  5. ^ Virgil Freemont Stewart and the Arkansas Cowgirls performed this song originally. See Stewart Family: Come On In And Make Yourself At Home; "The Stewart Family", Roots & Rhythm: Country, Bluegrass & Old Timey 140
  6. ^ "Top Country & Western Records", Billboard (14 March 1953):44.
  7. ^ Solomon Burke, in Derek Richardson, "Pastrami & The Blues", SF Gate (March 17, 2005):2
  8. ^ Jerry Wexler, in Robert Hilburn, "His Legacy on the Line", Los Angeles Times (August 11, 2002)
  9. ^ John A. Jackson, A House on Fire: The Rise and Fall of Philadelphia Soul (Oxford University Press USA, 2004):25.
  10. ^ "Late Pop Spotlights", Billboard (7 August 1961):3.
  11. ^ David Hatch and Stephen Millward, From Blues to Rock: An Analytical History of Pop Music (Manchester University Press ND, 1989):89.
  12. ^ Dave Marsh, In The Heart of Rock & Soul: The 1001 Greatest Singles Ever Made (Da Capo Press, 1999):501.
  13. ^ Jay Warner, On This Day in Black Music History (Hal Leonard Corporation, 2006):326.
  14. ^ a b Valania, Jonathan (2002-07-17). "Solomon Burke brings it home". Philadelphia Weekly. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  15. ^ Dave Hoekstra, "Burke's Depth Gives Breath to Soul", Chicago Sun-Times (June 12, 1987); Brian Ward, Just My Soul Responding: Rhythm and Blues, Black Consciousness, and Race Relations (University of California Press, 1998):225, 251
  16. ^ Sean Daly, "'Lightning In a Bottle': The Blues, Uncorked", The Washington Post (December 17, 2004):C05; Sacha Molitorisz, "Lightning in a Bottle", The Sydney Morning Herald (March 17, 2005); Rod Harmon, "From the Editor: Music, Humanity and Wisdom of Solomon", The Portland Press Herald (October 21, 2010)
  17. ^ Jerry Wexler, in Rebecca Leung, "King Solomon: Singer Solomon Burke Making A Comeback In The Music World", 60 Minutes (December 7, 2003)
  18. ^ Ted Fox, Showtime at the Apollo (Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1983):265.
  19. ^ Gerri Hirshey, Nowhere to Run: The Story of Soul Music (Da Capo Press, 1984):86.
  20. ^ Tim Newby "Solomon Burke Gets His Due" Honest Tune: The Southern Journal of Jam (June 18, 2008)
  21. ^ Craig Hansen Werner, A Change is Gonna Come: Music, Race & the Soul of America (University of Michigan Press, 2006):59–60.
  22. ^ Bill Friskics-Warren and David Cantwell, Heartaches by the Number: Country Music's 500 Greatest Singles (Vanderbilt University Press, 2003):113.
  23. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2013). Hot Country Songs 1944–2012. Record Research, Inc. p. 182. ISBN 978-0-89820-203-8.