Just So Stories

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For the anthropological sense, see Just-so story.
First edition (publ. Macmillan & Co.)

The Just So Stories for Little Children are a collection written by the British author Rudyard Kipling. Highly fantasised origin stories, especially for differences among animals, they are among Kipling's best known works.

Description[edit]

The stories, first published in 1902, are pourquoi (French for "why") or origin stories, fantastic accounts of how various phenomena came about. A forerunner of these stories is Kipling's "How Fear Came," included in his The Second Jungle Book (1895). In it, Mowgli hears the story of how the tiger got his stripes.

The Just So Stories typically have the theme of a particular animal being modified from an original form to its current form by the acts of man, or some magical being. For example, the Whale has a tiny throat because he swallowed a mariner, who tied a raft inside to block the whale from swallowing other men. The Camel has a hump given to him by a djinn as punishment for the camel's refusing to work (the hump allows the camel to work longer between times of eating). The Leopard's spots were painted by an Ethiopian (after the Ethiopian painted himself black). The Kangaroo gets its powerful hind legs, long tail, and hopping gait after being chased all day by a dingo, sent by a minor god responding to the Kangaroo's request to be made different from all other animals.

Kipling illustrated the original editions of the Just So Stories. Other illustrators of the book include Joseph M. Gleeson.

Just-So Stories[edit]

How the Rhinoceros got his Skin, woodcut by Kipling
  1. "How the Whale Got His Throat" — why the big whale eats such small prey.
  2. "How the Camel Got His Hump" — how the idle camel was punished and given a hump.
  3. "How the Rhinoceros Got His Skin" — why rhinos have folds in their skin and bad tempers.
  4. "How the Leopard Got His Spots" — why leopards have spots.
  5. "The Elephant's Child/How the Elephant got his Trunk" — how the elephant's trunk became long.
  6. The Sing-Song of Old Man Kangaroo — how the kangaroo turned from a grey, woolly animal with short, stubby legs, to one with long legs and tail.
  7. "The Beginning of the Armadillos" — how the hedgehog and the turtle transformed into the first armadillos.
  8. "How the First Letter Was Written" — introduces the only characters who appear in more than one story, a family of cave-people, called Tegumai Bopsulai (the father), Teshumai Tewindrow (the mother), and Taffimai Metallumai, (the daughter). Explains how Taffimai delivered a picture message to her mother.
  9. "How the Alphabet Was Made" — Taffy and her father invent the earliest form of the alphabet.
  10. "The Crab That Played with the Sea" — explains the ebb and flow of the tides, as well as how the crab changed from a huge animal into a small one.
  11. "The Cat That Walked by Himself" — the longest story, explains how man domesticated all the wild animals except for the cat.
  12. "The Butterfly That Stamped" — how Solomon rid himself of troublesome wives, and saved the pride of a butterfly.
  13. "The Tabu Tale" (missing from most British editions; first appeared in the Scribner edition in the U.S. in 1903).

As well as appearing in a collection, the individual stories have also been published as separate books, often in large-format, illustrated editions for younger children.

Adaptations[edit]

  • The Just So Stories were adapted as a 1984 musical, called Just So.
  • A video edition was released, originally on VHS tape. It had three tapes with four episodes on each.
  • In 2007 the Farnham Festival commissioned the composer Paul Ayres to write musical settings of some of the songs from the Just So Stories, for children's voices, piano and percussion. paulayres.co.uk/catalogue/237

See also[edit]

External links[edit]