Justanids

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Justanids
جستانیان

791–11th-century
Capital Rudbar
Languages Persian
Deylami
Religion Zoroastrianism (791-805)
Islam (805-11th-century)
Government Monarchy
King
 -  791-805 Justan I (first)
 -  972–1004 Khusrau Shah (last)
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  Established 791
 -  Ismaili conquest 11th-century

The Justanids or Jostanids (Persian: جستانیان‎) were the Dailamite rulers of part of Daylam (the mountainous district of Gilan[1]) from 791 to the late 11th-century.[2]

History[edit]

The Justanids appear as "Kings of Daylam" at the end of the 8th century. Their centre was in the Rudbar of Alamut, running into the valley of the Shahrood. Two centuries later, this would become the main centre of the historical Nizari Ismailis or Assassins (Hashshashin) as they are known in the west. They appear in Islamic history as part of what Vladimir Minorsky has called "the Iranian intermezzo"[3] where indigenous Daylamite and Kurdish principalities take power in north west Persia after two to three hundred years of Arab rule. The Daylamite upsurge eventually culminated into the Buyid dynasty.

After Marzuban ibn Justan converted to Islam in 805, the ancient family of Justan's became connected to the Zaydi Alids of the Daylam region. The Justanids adopted the Zaydi form of Shi'ism. In the 10th century, they became eclipsed by the Daylamite dynasty of Sallarids in Tarom (modern Iranian province of Zanjan). Nevertheless, the Justanids were tied into marriage with the Sallarids and preserved their seat Rudbar in the highlands of Daylam. They also became allies with the Buyids. In the 11th century, they might have recognized the Suzerainty of the Ghaznavids. With the influx of the Seljuqs, they recognized the Suzerainty of the Seljuqs. But shortly after, they fade away from history.

Justanid Rulers[edit]

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
Justan I
r. 791–805
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marzuban
r. 805–855
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Justan II
r. 855–856
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vahsudan
r. 856–865
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Justan III
r. 865-919
 
 
 
 
 
Khusrau Firuz
r. 919
 
Ali
r. 919
 
Khurshid
r. 865
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unknown
 
Kharasuya
 
Siyahchashm
r. 919–928
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unnamed prince
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Justan IV
r. 928–947
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Manadhar
r. 947–972
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Khusrau Shah
r. 972–1004
 
Fuladh
 
Unnamed princess
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ibn Fuladh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/jostanids
  2. ^ Madelung 1975, p. 224.
  3. ^ Minorsky, Vladimir (1953). Studies in Caucasian History. New York: Taylor’s Foreign Press. 

Sources[edit]