Justice League in other media

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Adaptations of the Justice League in other media
Created by Gardner Fox
Original source Comics published by DC Comics
First appearance The Brave and the Bold #28
Films and television
Film(s) Justice League of America (1997)
Television
show(s)
Super Friends (1973)
Justice League (2001)
Justice League Unlimited (2004)
Young Justice (2011)
Games
Video game(s) Justice League Task Force (1995)
Justice League Heroes (2006)
Mortal Kombat vs. DC Universe (2008)
DC Universe Online (2011)
Lego Batman 2: DC Super Heroes (2012)
Injustice: Gods Among Us (2013)

The Justice League, also called the Justice League of America or JLA, is a fictional superhero team that appears in comic books published by DC Comics. Since their first appearance in The Brave and the Bold #28 (February/March 1960), various incarnations of the team have appeared in film, television, and video game adaptations.

Television[edit]

Justice League of America has been adapted for television numerous times.

Animation[edit]

  • The first animated appearance of the Justice League was in the 1967 television series The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure. The team appeared in only three segments of the run of the show. The members seen are Superman, Green Lantern, Hawkman, Flash, and the Atom.
  • The longest-running version of the Justice League was the loosely adapted series called the Super Friends, which ran in various incarnations from 1973 to 1986.
  • The Justice League make their first appearance in the DC animated universe in "The Call", a two-part episode of Batman Beyond. It portrayed a futuristic version of the team, referred to as "Justice League Unlimited", or "JLU" for short. The lineup consisted of an aging Superman, a brand new Green Lantern, Big Barda, plus new characters: Aquagirl (Aquaman's daughter), Micron (similar to Atom), and Warhawk (who is later revealed to be the son of Green Lantern and Hawkgirl). Though he does not appear in Batman Beyond, Static is also revealed to be a member of the future Justice League in the Static Shock episode "Future Shock".
  • In the two-part fourth season finale of The Batman, titled "The Joining", Batman allied with Martian Manhunter against aliens known as "the Joining". At the end of the second episode, J'onn contacts Batman and asks him to join his group, prompting Batman to remark that J'onn has formed "quite a league". The members of the "League" featured in this sequence were Green Lantern, Green Arrow, Hawkman, and the Flash. In "The Batman/Superman Story, Part Two", Superman joins up with the Justice League. Much of the fifth season revolves around team-ups with League members and Batman. Other elements that were put forth included Batman recruiting Superman, and a headquarters combining elements of the Hall of Justice from Super Friends and the Watchtower from Justice League.
  • In a sketch for Mad, Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman are convinced to change the name of the Super Friends after a musical appeal by fellow heroes.
  • The Justice League is re-imagined as animals in the DC Nation Shorts Farm League with Superman as Supermanatee, Batman as a mouse, Wonder Woman as Wonder Wombat, Flash as the Flish, Green Lantern as a boar, Aquaman as Aquamandrill, Captain Marvel as Shazham!, Robin as Robin's Egg, and Cyborg as Cybug.

Live action[edit]

  • Smallville featured a version of the Justice League in its sixth season episode "Justice". The members of the team were drawn from versions of DC Comics heroes that had previously appeared in the show: "Impulse" from the season four episode "Run"; "Aquaman" (A.C.) from the season five episode "Aqua"; "Cyborg" (Victor Stone) from the season five episode of the same name, and "Green Arrow" who had been appearing as a regular character through season Six. The episode had the team temporarily recruiting main characters Clark Kent, who Green Arrow dubs "Boy Scout", and Chloe Sullivan, who acts as the team's advisor through a computer network under the codename "Watchtower". Later, in the Season Seven episode "Siren", Dinah Lance joined Oliver's team as the "Black Canary". She returns in the Season Eight premiere with Aquaman and Green Arrow to find Clark. However, after A.C. and Dinah have their identities exposed, Oliver makes the call for the team to temporarily disband. Later in the season, when Oliver reconnects with his heroic side in "Identity", the team reunites. In the episode "Bulletproof", it is mentioned that Detective John Jones (Martian Manhunter) has helped Oliver's team and got Oliver out of trouble with the police and is considered a member of the team. Clark and Chloe become more involved with the League as well, with Clark joining Bart on a mission in Keystone during "Hex", whilst in the same episode Chloe becomes a full-time 'Watchtower' for the team. Dr. Emil Hamilton is a staff physician at Metropolis General Hospital and Metropolis University, who is also on Oliver Queen's payroll. Season Eight concludes with Flash, Black Canary, Green Arrow, and Clark working together to stop Doomsday. In the closing scenes Chloe reveals that Bart, Dinah, and Oliver have gone missing. In season 9 episode "Absolute Justice" members Green Arrow, Clark, John Jones, and Chloe aid members of the Justice Society of America. In the episode Doctor Fate restores John Jones's powers.

Video games[edit]

  • The Justice League are the main characters of the mobile video game for iOS Justice League: Earth's Final Defense, developed by Netmarble. Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern and the Flash are playable characters, with Aquaman and Cyborg as non-playable Justice League members. This version of the Justice League is based on the one seen in The New 52.

Film[edit]

Live-action[edit]

Planned George Miller film[edit]

In February 2007, Warner Bros. hired Kieran and Michele Mulroney to write a script for Justice League,[4] which they handed in that June to positive feedback from the studio.[5] George Miller signed to direct in September 2007, while the studio hoped filming would start before the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike. In addition, the studio was considering filming Justice League completely in motion capture, similar to Beowulf.[6] Barrie M. Osborne was to produce,[7] with a $220 million budget.[8]

Filming was supposed to start in February 2008,[9] in Australia, where post-production would also be conducted.[10] Some shooting was to take place at Sydney Heads, while local colleges were scouted.[7] Yet in January 2008, Warner Bros. announced the film was on indefinite hold, allowing an options lapse for the cast. The studio felt the script needed perfecting, which was impossible because of the writer's strike.[11] As soon as the strike ended, Warner Bros. wanted to start filming in mid-April 2008.[12] In February 2008 it was announced that production would go to Canada, despite Miller's wishes to keep production at Fox Studios Australia.[8] The Mulroneys were rehired to rewrite their script.[12]

Marit Allen was originally hired as costume designer, but she died in November 2007.[13] Weta Workshop took over costume design, a decision that opens the possibility of their sister company, Weta Digital, doing the visual effects.[14]

From February 2007 until April 2008, the project was subject to rumors before eventually being put on an indefinite hiatus; in a recent interview, producer Joel Silver stated that Justice League "has been tabled."[15] In August 2008 director George Miller was quoted saying "the flick's production, initially planned for Oz, has been moved offshore, with a plan to resume filming next year."[16]

However, on August 22, 2008, The Wall Street Journal reported Warner's new plan to release four individual solo movies within the next three years before doing a multiple character movie, much like rival Marvel Studios did in 2005 when they announced similar plans that eventually led to The Avengers.[17] While Warner Bros. Pictures Group President Jeff Robinov confirmed that one of those films will be a Superman reboot, it is likely that among the other three, there will be a sequel to the successful Batman movie The Dark Knight as well as two movies introducing fresh DC Comics characters to the big screen.[18] Since this report, a film about the Green Lantern was released in 2011, as well as a sequel to The Dark Knight in 2012, and Man of Steel in June 2013.

In December 2008, there were rumors that director Miller was off the project. They were dispelled by a representative of the filmmaker, however, describing the film's status as "being seriously worked on."[19] As of 2010, the film by George Miller has been canceled.[20] In October 2013, the script for George Miller's unreleased adaptation Justice League: Mortal was leaked online.[21]

Casting

While a cast for the film was never officially declared, various news brokers were able to confirm a number of Miller's casting choices, for which he chose predominantly younger actors who he had hoped would "grow into their roles" over the course of a film trilogy.[22] In October 2007, roughly 40 actors and actresses auditioned for the League, among them Joseph Cross, Michael Angarano, Max Thieriot, Minka Kelly, Adrianne Palicki, and Scott Porter.[22]

The decision to cast lesser-known actors has received negative feedback from comic book fans on the internet.[12] A number of different actors were fleetingly associated with the project; Jessica Biel had turned down the role of Wonder Woman,[23] while Mary Elizabeth Winstead auditioned. Teresa Palmer and Shannyn Sossamon were also interested, while Christina Milian, a comic book fan, offered her services for the role.[24][25] Columbus Short turned down the role of Green Lantern, which rapper T.I. was also rumored for.[26]

Christopher Nolan/Zack Snyder[edit]

Although Christopher Nolan was rumored to be director for a Justice League film,[27] Nolan himself wished to keep the Superman and Batman series individual as he was involved in the making of both the Batman and Superman film franchises. In June 2010, Christopher Nolan commented on the Superman and Batman films that were in production at the time,

"Marvel are doing what they do and people will respond to that really well, or they won't... Marvel characters are very different to DC characters, and the key DC characters are very different to the minor DC characters. You've got to go back to that element of, 'What do I see when I close my eyes and think of Batman? What do I see when I close my eyes and think of Superman?' And for me a big part of that is their individuality... They're two very different characters, but there's an elemental feeling of power in the iconography of those characters. To me that's originally because they stood alone. I need to hang on to that in my imagining of them."[28][29][30]

In September 2010, DC Entertainment President Diane Nelson said there were no plans to connect future film projects together. The focus will be to keep them separate. "We do have a very different attitude about how you build a content slate. And it isn't necessarily about connecting those properties together to build into a single thing. We think we've got great stories and characters that will lend themselves to great standalone experiences, and that's the way we're focusing on it."[31] DC Entertainment Chief Creative Officer Geoff Johns has made similar remarks, contradicting earlier statements he made regarding a shared film continuity.[32]

In June 2012, Will Beall was hired to write the screenplay for a Justice League film featuring Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman as the main characters.[33][34]

Warner Bros. announced plans for the Justice League film to have a summer 2015 release date to compete with the sequel to The Avengers, though they have yet to complete a script or officially hire a director.[35] On February 2013, it was reported that Beall's script was scrapped due to negative reception from the studio.[36]

During an interview with the New York Post in November 2012, Man of Steel director Zack Snyder stated, “I don’t know how ‘Justice League’ is going to be handled. Honestly, I don’t. But ‘The Man of Steel’ exists, and Superman is in it. I don’t know how you’d move forward without acknowledging that,” and claimed that Warner Bros. expects him to "keep them on course" as regards to a potential cinematic universe.[37] According to sources such as Variety, the future of the project greatly relies on the success of Snyder's film.[38]

In March 2013, rumors surfaced stating that Christopher Nolan was put in charge of all characters and films in the DC Universe as an overseer, continuing to say that he and Zack Snyder would produce a Justice League film, with the latter also in consideration to direct. It was also stated that Christian Bale would reprise his role as Batman in another film if Nolan was attached.[39][40][41][42] However, further reports in April suggested that Nolan and Bale would not be returning, with Warner Bros. having a hard time recruiting Nolan, who does not want to "mess" with his trilogy of films. The report also added that there was now even some hesitancy to include the Man of Steel version of Superman in the film.[43] Ryan Reynolds, who portrayed Hal Jordan in Green Lantern, stated he would not likely be returning as Jordan and would consider it only if they have the right script and director.[44]

In April 2013, Warner Bros president Jeff Robinov revealed that neither Nolan nor Bale are involved with the film.[45] On April 24, 2013, Snyder revealed that if Man of Steel were to be successful he would be asked to direct the film.[46] On June 7, 2013 regarding a potential shared universe Snyder was quoted saying, "Do the DC characters exist in the universe I created? The answer is yes", Snyder said. "In my mind, we have this fantastic character of Superman. It's not madness that there would be others."[47]

On June 10, 2013, it was reported that David S. Goyer is confirmed to write the film.[48][49] Goyer spoke a few days later, saying that Bruce Wayne exists in the new Man of Steel universe, but this universe is separate from the one created in Nolan's The Dark Knight trilogy. Thus, whenever Batman is introduced to this new universe, he will most likely be portrayed by a new actor, replacing Christian Bale.[50] During Man of Steel, General Zod destroys a satellite, which has the same Wayne Enterprises logo as the one used in Batman Begins.[51][52] Stephen Amell, who portrays Oliver Queen/Green Arrow on the series Arrow, told SciFiNow in July 2013 that he would like to portray the character in the film.[53][54]

At the 2013 San Diego Comic-Con Zack Snyder, director of Man of Steel, confirmed an upcoming sequel for Man of Steel; the movie is slated for release May 6, 2016. The film will star Henry Cavill reprising his role as Clark Kent/Superman and many of the first film's cast are set to return. Ben Affleck will also join the cast as Bruce Wayne/Batman. Flash and Justice League films are rumored to be released in 2016 and 2017 respectively.[55] On December 4, 2013, Gal Gadot was cast as Wonder Woman to appear in the Man of Steel sequel.[56] By April 2014, Ray Fisher had been cast as Victor Stone / Cyborg in the Man of Steel sequel in a minor role, that will become more significant in additional films leading up to the proposed Justice League film[57] and that Snyder will direct the Justice League film after the Man of Steel sequel.[58] In May 2014, it was announced that Justice League would be shot back-to-back with Dawn of Justice.[59][60] In June 2014, Jason Momoa was cast as Aquaman in Dawn of Justice.[61]

In July 2014, it was announced that WB was in early talks with Chris Terrio to write the script for the film.[62]

Animation[edit]

  • DC released another animated film on July 30, 2013, entitled Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox. The film is centered on the Flash, who inadvertently changes the time stream by travelling back in time to save his mother. In the new world created, Flash finds himself speedless in a world without a Justice League and suffering from a devastating war between the Atlanteans and Amazonians. Relying on the help of Batman, in this world a vengeful, alcoholic Thomas Wayne, the Flash must find the prime suspect, Professor Zoom, and find a way to fix the time stream.
  • In DC Showcase: Green Arrow, Green Arrow and Black Canary are members of the Justice League and their logo was seen in Oliver's phone.
  • The New 52 version of the Justice League appears in the movie Justice League: War, with a team consisting of Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, Cyborg, the Flash, Green Lantern (Hal Jordan), and Shazam.

Parodies[edit]

  • A television commercial for Alltell Wireless depicts a group of superheroes who vaguely resemble the Justice League, including lookalikes for Black Lightning and Hawkgirl.[weasel words][citation needed]
  • In a South Park that had the boys join a cult led by magician David Blaine, the boys return to their faith in traditional religions by enlisting the help of Jesus Christ. After a confrontation where Blaine defeats Jesus, Jesus realizes he needs the help of his "Super Best Friends." The team consists of key religious figures from other religions to include Vishnu, Muhammad, Buddha, Joseph Smith, and a super computer Moses. Another character named "Sea-man" (often referred to as semen) was also a parody of Aquaman.

Songs[edit]

  • The song "I'll Be Your Wonder Woman" by Dorit mentions the Justice League.

References[edit]

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