Justice of the Common Pleas

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The Court of Common Pleas in 1822

Justice of the Common Pleas was a puisne judicial position within the Court of Common Pleas of England and Wales, under the Chief Justice. The Common Pleas was the primary court of common law within England and Wales, dealing with "common" pleas (civil matters between subject and subject). It was created out of the common law jurisdiction of the Exchequer of Pleas, with splits forming during the 1190s and the division becoming formal by the beginning of the 13th century.[1] The court became a key part of the Westminster courts, along with the Exchequer of Pleas (qualified to hear cases involving revenue owed to the King) and the Court of King's Bench (authorised to hear cases involving the King), but with the Writ of Quominus and the Statute of Westminster, both tried to extend their jurisdiction into the realm of common pleas. As a result the courts jockeyed for power. In 1828 Henry Brougham, a Member of Parliament, complained in Parliament that as long as there were three courts unevenness was inevitable, saying that "It is not in the power of the courts, even if all were monopolies and other restrictions done away, to distribute business equally, as long as suitors are left free to choose their own tribunal", and that there would always be a favourite court, which would therefore attract the best lawyers and judges and entrench its position.[2] The outcome was the Supreme Court of Judicature Act 1873, under which all the central courts were made part of a single Supreme Court of Judicature. Eventually the government created a High Court of Justice under Lord Coleridge by an Order in Council of 16 December 1880. At this point, the Common Pleas formally ceased to exist.[3]

The number of Justices at any one time varied; between 1377 and 1420 there were generally four, switching to five from 1420 to 1471. From 1471 onwards, the number was fixed at 3. This changed in the 19th century; provisions were made for the appointment of a Fourth Justice and Fifth Justice in 1830 and 1868 respectively.[4] From the start of the 14th century, Justices were appointed via letters patent made under the Great Seal, and held their appointments "under the pleasure of the King".[5] Justices received the same remuneration as judges of the Exchequer of Pleas and Court of King's Bench; £1,000 in 1660, increased to £2,000 in 1759 and £4,000 in 1809. From 1799, pensions were also awarded to retiring Justices.[6]

List of Justices[edit]

Name Born/Died Active service Reason for termination Notes
Pattishall, Simon ofSimon of Pattishall d. c. 1217 1190 — 1206 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [7]
Moulton, Thomas ofThomas of Moulton d. 1240 1224 — 1229 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [8]
Lexinton, Robert ofRobert of Lexinton d. 1250 1227 — 1236 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [9]
Raley, William deWilliam de Raley d. 1250 1229 — 1233 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [10]
Nottingham, Robert ofRobert of Nottingham d. 1245 1245 Died in office [11]
Bath, Henry ofHenry of Bath d. 1260 1238 — 1241 Went on a trip to Ireland and was made Chief Justice of the Common Pleas when he returned [12]
Thirkleby, Roger ofRoger of Thirkleby d. 1260 1242 — 1249 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [13]
Preston, Gilbert ofGilbert of Preston c. 1209 — 1274 1240–1260 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
Seaton, Roger ofRoger of Seaton c. 1230 — c. 1280 1270 — 1274 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [6][14]
Heym, StephenStephen Heym d. 1275 1271 — 1274 Died between sessions [6]
Fulks, RobertRobert Fulks 10 April 1271 — 1274 [6]
Hengham, Ralph deRalph de Hengham c. 1235 — 18 May 1311 1273 — 1274 Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench [6][15]
Weyland, WilliamWilliam Weyland d. 25 March 1274 1273 — 1274 Died [16]
Cobham, JohnJohn Cobham 1273 — 1276 Became a Baron of the Exchequer [16]
Stanes, Richard deRichard de Stanes d. 1277 1274 — 1276 Became Chancellor of the Exchequer [16]
Weyland, ThomasThomas Weyland c. 1230 — January 1298 1274 — 1278 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [16][17]
Lovetot, John deJohn de Lovetot d. 1294 1275 — 1289 Disgraced after failing to prevent Thomas Weyland from altering court documents [16][18]
Farningham, Ralph deRalph de Farningham 1275 — 1278 [16]
Leicester, Roger deRoger de Leicester 1276 — 1279 Removed for "extortion and other judicial crimes" [16][19]
Helyun, Walter deWalter de Helyun 1278 — 1281 [16]
Brompton, William deWilliam de Brompton 1278 — 1289 Removed and imprisoned in the Tower of London for "corruption in his office". [16][20]
Beckingham, EliasElias Beckingham d. 1307 14 October 1285 — 1307 Died [16]
Hertford, RobertRobert Hertford 15 January 1290 — 1294 [16]
Gisleham, WilliamWilliam Gisleham d. January 1293 15 January 1290 — January 1293 Died [16]
Thorp, RobertRobert Thorp d. 1291 15 January 1290 — 1291 Died [16][21]
Bereford, WilliamWilliam Bereford 7 February 1292 — 1309 Becomes Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [22]
Mallore, PeterPeter Mallore d. 1311 28 August 1292 — 1308 [22]
Howard, WilliamWilliam Howard d. 1308 8 October 1297 — 24 August 1308 Died [22]
Trickingham, Lambert deLambert de Trickingham 1300 — 1316 Became a justice of the King's Bench [22]
Guldeford, Henry deHenry de Guldeford 22 November 1305 — 1306 [22]
Stanton, Hervey deHervey de Stanton c. 1260 — November 1327 20 April 1306 — 28 September 1314 Became a Baron of the Exchequer [22][23]
Stanton, Henry leHenry le Stanton 20 November 1308 — 15 June 1317
5 February 1327 — 28 October 1329
Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench
Again appointed Chief Justice of the King's Bench
[22]
Benstede, John deJohn de Benstede d. 1323 6 October 1309 — 16 October 1320 Retired [22][24]
Bourne, William deWilliam de Bourne 6 October 1309 — ? [25]
Inge, WilliamWilliam Inge c. 1260 — May 1322 23 January 1313 — 1316 Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench [25][26]
Bacon, JohnJohn Bacon c. 1250 — c. 1323 29 February 1313 — 16 October 1320 [25][27]
Rothbury, Gilbert deGilbert de Rothbury c. 1260 — 1321 10 March 1316 — 1321 Died [25][28]
Mutford, JohnJohn Mutford c. 1258 — 1329 20 April 1316 — 1329 Died [25][29]
Doncaster, JohnJohn Doncaster d. 1331 5 June 1319 — 15 October 1320 [25]
Herle, WilliamWilliam Herle c. 1270 — 1347 6 August 1320 — 29 January 1327 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [25][30]
Stonor, JohnJohn Stonor c. 1281 — August 1354 6 August 1320 — 22 February 1329
1 April 1331 — 7 July 1335
Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer
Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
[25][31][32]
Bourchier, John deJohn de Bourchier 31 May 1321 — 1329 [25]
Friskeney, WalterWalter Friskeney 9 July 1323 — 3 May 1324
31 January 1327 — 6 March 1327
Became a Justice of the King's Bench
Became a Justice of the King's Bench
[33]
Scrope, Geoffrey leGeoffrey le Scrope d. 2 December 1340 27 September 1323 — 21 March 1324 Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench [33][34]
Scrope, Henry leHenry le Scrope c. 1268 — 7 September 1336 5 February 1327 — 28 October 1329 Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench [33][35]
Willoughby, RichardRichard Willoughby c. 1290 — 14 March 1362 6 March 1328 — 22 December 1330
9 October 1340 — November 1341
20 November 1343 — 1357
Became a Justice of the King's Bench
Arrested for corruption
Retired
[33][36]
Travers, JohnJohn Travers 2 March 1329 — April 1331 Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench [33]
Bacon, ThomasThomas Bacon d. 1336 30 December 1329 — 28 January 1332 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [33]
Malberthorp, Robert deRobert de Malberthorp d. 1332 18 January 1331 — October 1331 Retired [33]
Cambridge, JohnJohn Cambridge d. 1335 18 January 1331 — October 1334 Retired [33]
Inge, JohnJohn Inge 18 January 1331 — October 1340 [31]
Shardelow, JohnJohn Shardelow d. 5 March 1344 29 January 1332 — October 1340
16 May 1342 — 5 March 1344

Died
[31]
Aldeburgh, RichardRichard Aldeburgh 29 January 1332 — October 1340
16 May 1342 — 5 March 1344

Died
[31]
Shareshull, William deWilliam de Shareshull 1289/90 — 1370 30 May 1333 — 20 March 1334
14 May 1334 — 1340
1346 — 1350
Became a Justice of the King's Bench
Removed by Edward III
Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench
[31][37]
Trevanion, John deJohn de Trevanion 24 September 1334 — 1334 Died [31]
Basset, WilliamWilliam Basset 1337 — 28 October 1341 Died [31]
Hillary, RogerRoger Hillary d. 1356 18 March 1337 — 8 January 1341
4 June 1432 — 20 February 1354
Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas in Ireland
Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
[31][38]
Scott, WilliamWilliam Scott d.1352/6 18 March 1337 — 2 May 1339 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [39][40]
Woodstock, JamesJames Woodstock d. 1341 4 February 1340 — 3 January 1341 Died [39]
Parving, RobertRobert Parving 23 May 1340 — 24 June 1340 Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench [39]
Heppecotes, Thomas deThomas de Heppecotes 8 January 1341 — 1342 [39]
Kelleshull, Richard deRichard de Kelleshull 30 May 1341 — 1354 Retired [39]
Stonegrave, AdamAdam Stonegrave 28 October 1341 — 10 January 1342 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [39]
Stouford, JohnJohn Stouford d. 1359 25 May 1345 — June 1357 [39][41]
Fencotes, ThomasThomas Fencotes 14 January 1348 — 30 March 1354 Retired [42]
Green, HenryHenry Green d. 1369 6 February 1354 — 1361 Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench [42][43]
Seton, ThomasThomas Seton d. 6 May 1360 1355 — 6 May 1360 Died [42]
Mutlow, HenryHenry Mutlow 4 July 1357–1361 [42]
Mowbray, JohnJohn Mowbray 11 July 1359 — 1373 [42]
Skipwith, WilliamWilliam Skipwith c. 1320 — c. 1398 25 October 1359 — 25 June 1361
8 October 1376 — 1388
Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer
Retired
[44][45]
Knyvet, JohnJohn Knyvet d. 1381 24 June 1361 — 29 October 1365 Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench [44][46]
Delves, JohnJohn Delves 3 February 1364 — 1365 [44]
Fyncheden, WilliamWilliam Fyncheden d. 1374 29 October 1365 — 14 April 1371 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [44][47]
Witchingham, WilliamWilliam Witchingham 29 October 1365 — 1377 [44]
Kirketon, RogerRoger Kirketon d. 7 December 1383 27 November 1371 — 1380 [44]
Cavendish, JohnJohn Cavendish 27 November 1371 — 15 July 1372 Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench [44]
Fulthorpe, RogerRoger Fulthorpe 27 November 1371 — 1388 [44]
Percy, HenryHenry Percy 26 November 1377 — 1380 [44]
Asty, HenryHenry Asty d. 1383 6 December 1380 — 1383 Died [48]
Burgh, JohnJohn Burgh 4 November 1383 — 1388 [48]
Holt, JohnJohn Holt d. 1418 4 November 1383 — 1388 [48]
Thirning, WilliamWilliam Thirning 11 April 1388 — 15 January 1396 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [48]
Rickhill, WilliamWilliam Rickhill d. 1407 20 May 1389 — 1407 Died [48]
Wadham, JohnJohn Wadham d. 27 July 1412 20 May 1389 — 10 May 1398 Retired [48][49]
Sydenham, RichardRichard Sydenham 20 May 1389 — 1396 [48]
Markham, JohnJohn Markham d. 31 December 1409 7 July 1396 — 1408 Died [48]
Hankeford, WilliamWilliam Hankeford c. 1350 — 12 December 1423 6 May 1398 — 29 March 1413 Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench [48][50]
Brenchley, WilliamWilliam Brenchley d. 20 May 1406 6 May 1398 — 20 May 1406 Died [48]
Cokayn, JohnJohn Cokayn d. 1429 14 May 1405 — 1429 Died [51]
Colepeper, JohnJohn Colepeper d. 30 August 1414 17 June 1406 — 30 August 1414 Died [51]
Hill, RobertRobert Hill d. 1425 14 May 1408 — 1423 [48]
Norton, RichardRichard Norton d. 20 December 1420 2 May 1413 — 26 June 1413 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [48][52]
Lodington, WilliamWilliam Lodington d. 9 January 1420 16 June 1415 — 9 January 1420 Died [51]
Preston, JohnJohn Preston d. 29 September 1434 16 June 1415 — 28 January 1428 Retired [51][53]
Babington, WilliamWilliam Babington c. 1370 — 13 October 1454 30 June 1420 — 5 May 1423 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [51][54]
Martin, JohnJohn Martin d. 24 October 1436 13 October 1420 — 24 October 1436 Died [51]
Juyn, JohnJohn Juyn d. 24 March 1440 5 May 1423 — 9 February 1436 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [51][55]
Hals, JohnJohn Hals 5 May 1423 — 23 January 1424 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [51]
Strangways, JamesJames Strangways c. 1410 — August 1480 6 February 1426 — 16 March 1443 Died [56][57]
Cottesmore, JohnJohn Cottesmore d. 29 October 1439 15 October 1429 — 20 January 1439 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [56][58]
Paston, WilliamWilliam Paston d. 14 August 1444 15 October 1429 — 14 August 1444 Died [56]
Newton, RichardRichard Newton d. 13 December 1448 8 November 1438 — 17 September 1439 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [56][59]
Fulthorpe, ThomasThomas Fulthorpe d. 3 May 1457 29 January 1439 — 3 May 1457 Died [56]
Ayscough, WilliamWilliam Ayscough d. 30 July 1454 17 April 1440 — 30 July 1454 Died [56]
Portington, JohnJohn Portington d. 2 June 1454 1 July 1443 — 2 June 1454 Died [56]
Aysshton, NicholasNicholas Aysshton d. 12 March 1466 9 October 1444 — 12 March 1466 Died [56]
Arden, PeterPeter Arden d. 2 June 1467 7 June 1448 — 2 June 1467 Died [56]
Danvers, RobertRobert Danvers d. 17 April 1467 14 August 1450 — 17 April 1467 Died [56]
Danby, RobertRobert Danby d. 1474 28 June 1453 — 11 May 1461 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [56]
Moyle, WalterWalter Moyle c. 1405 — 11 December 1479 9 July 1454 — 11 December 1479 Died [60][61]
Needham, JohnJohn Needham 9 May 1457 — 17 June 1471 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [60]
Choke, RichardRichard Choke d. 5 July 1483 5 September 1461 — 5 July 1483 Died [60]
Littleton, Thomas deThomas de Littleton d. 23 August 1481 27 April 1466 — 23 August 1481 Died [60]
Yonge, ThomasThomas Yonge c. 1405 — 3/4 May 1477 4 November 1467 — 29 April 1475 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [60][62]
Nele, RichardRichard Nele d. 15 June 1486 17 June 1471 — 15 June 1486 Died [60]
Catesby, JohnJohn Catesby d. 23 January 1487 20 November 1481 — 23 January 1487 Died [60]
Starkey, HumphreyHumphrey Starkey d. 27 August 1486 27 June 1483 — 27 August 1486 Died [60]
Townshend, RogerRoger Townshend c. 1430 — 9 November 1493 20 September 1485 — 9 November 1493 Died [60][63]
Haugh, JohnJohn Haugh d. 14 March 1489 10 December 1486 — 14 March 1489 Died [60]
Callow, WilliamWilliam Callow d. 29 July 1487 31 January 1487 — 29 July 1487 Died [64]
Danvers, WilliamWilliam Danvers d. 17 April 1504 5 February 1488 — 17 April 1504 Died [64]
Vavasour, JohnJohn Vavasour d. 26 November 1506 17 October 1489 — 16 October 1506 Retired [64][65]
Fineux, JohnJohn Fineux 11 February 1494 — 24 November 1495 Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench [64]
Wode, ThomasThomas Wode d. 31 August 1502 24 November 1495 — 28 October 1500 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [64][66]
Fisher, JohnJohn Fisher d. 1 May 1510 3 November 1501 — 1 May 1510 Died [64]
Kingsmill, JohnJohn Kingsmill d. 11 May 1509 2 July 1504 — 11 May 1509 Died [64]
Butler, JohnJohn Butler d. 15 December 1517 26 April 1508 — 15 December 1517 Died [64]
Greville, WilliamWilliam Greville d. 9 March 1513 21 May 1509 — 9 March 1513 Died [64]
Fairfax, WilliamWilliam Fairfax — 11 May 1514 26 June 1510 — 11 May 1514 Died [64]
Elyot, RichardRichard Elyot d. 20 May 1522 26 April 1513 — 20 May 1522 Died [64]
Pollard, LewisLewis Pollard d. 21 October 1526 29 May 1514 — 21 October 1526 Died [64]
More, JohnJohn More c. 1451 — 5 November 1530 23 January 1518 — 23 April 1520 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [67][68]
Broke, RichardRichard Broke d. May 1529 29 April 1520 — 24 January 1526 Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer [67][69]
Fitzherbert, AnthonyAnthony Fitzherbert c.1470 — 27 May 1538 20 May 1522 — 27 May 1538 Died [67][70]
Englefield, ThomasThomas Englefield d. 28 September 1537 12 November 1526 — 28 September 1537 Died [67]
Shelley, WilliamWilliam Shelley 1478/9 — 4 January 1549 17 November 1526 — 4 January 1549 Died [67][71]
Willoughby, ThomasThomas Willoughby d. 29 September 1545 9 October 1537 — 29 September 1545 Died [67]
Jenney, ChristopherChristopher Jenney d. 20 November 1542 30 June 1538 — 20 November 1542 Died [67]
Browne, HumphreyHumphrey Browne d. 5 December 1562 20 November 1542 — 5 December 1562 Died [67][72]
Hynde, JohnJohn Hynde c.1480 — 17 October 1550 24 November 1545 — 17 October 1550 Died [67]
Hales, JamesJames Hales c.1500 — 4 August 1554 20 May 1549 — 4 August 1554 Died [67][73]
Molyneux, EdmundEdmund Molyneux d. 28 August 1552 22 October 1550 — 28 August 1552 Died [67]
Coke, WilliamWilliam Coke d. 24 August 1553 16 November 1552 — 24 August 1553 Died [67]
Saunders, EdwardEdward Saunders 4 April 1506 — 12 November 1576 4 October 1553 — 8 May 1557 Became Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench [74][75]
Stanford, WilliamWilliam Stanford 20 August 1509 — 28 August 1558 1554 — 28 August 1558 Died [74][76]
Dyer, JamesJames Dyer 1510 — 24 March 1582 8 May 1557 — 22 January 1559 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [74][77]
Catlyn, RobertRobert Catlyn c.1510 — 16 September 1574 27 October 1558 — 22 January 1559 Became Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench [74][78]
Browne, AnthonyAnthony Browne 1509/10 — 5 May 1567 22 January 1559 — 5 May 1567 Died [74][79]
Weston, RichardRichard Weston d. 6 July 1572 16 October 1559 — 6 July 1572 Died [74]
Walsh, JohnJohn Walsh, of Cathanger, Fivehead, Somerset[80] d. 12 February 1572 10 February 1563 — 12 February 1572 Died [74]
Harpur, RichardRichard Harpur d. 29 January 1577 16 May 1567 — 29 January 1577 Died [74]
Manwood, RogerRoger Manwood 1524/5 — 14 December 1592 14 October 1572 — 17 November 1578 Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer [74][81]
Monson, RobertRobert Monson c. 1525 — 24 September 1583 31 October 1572 — 25 March 1580 Retired [74][82]
Mead, ThomasThomas Mead d. 26 May 1585 1 December 1577 — 26 May 1585 Died [74]
Wyndham, FrancisFrancis Wyndham d. 18 June 1592 21 June 1579 — 18 June 1592 Died [74]
Peryam, WilliamWilliam Peryam 1534 — 9 October 1604 13 February 1581 — 7 February 1593 Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer [83][84]
Rodes, FrancisFrancis Rodes 1524/5 — 17 January 1589 19 June 1585 — 17 January 1589 Died [83][85]
Walmisley, ThomasThomas Walmisley d. 26 November 1612 10 May 1589 — 26 November 1612 Died [83]
Beaumont, FrancisFrancis Beaumont d. 22 April 1598 25 January 1593 — 22 April 1598 Died [83]
Owen, ThomasThomas Owen d. 21 December 1598 21 January 1594 — 21 December 1598 Died [83]
Glanville, JohnJohn Glanville 1542 — 27 July 1600 30 June 1598 — 27 July 1600 Died [83][86]
Kingsmill, GeorgeGeorge Kingsmill d. 20 March 1606 8 February 1599 — 29 September 1605 Retired [83]
Warburton, PeterPeter Warburton c. 1540 — 7 September 1621 24 November 1600 — 7 September 1621 Retired [83][87]
Daniel, WilliamWilliam Daniel d. 19 May 1610 3 February 1604 — 19 May 1610 Died [83]
Coventry, ThomasThomas Coventry 1547 — 12 December 1606 13 January 1606 — 12 December 1606 Died [83][88]
Foster, ThomasThomas Foster 10 August 1548 — 18 May 1612 24 November 1607 — 18 May 1612 Died [83][89]
Winch, HumphreyHumphrey Winch 1554/5 — 4 February 1625 7 November 1611 — 4 February 1625 Died [83][90]
Nicolls, AugustineAugustine Nicolls April 1559 — 3 August 1616 26 November 1612 — 3 August 1616 Died [91][92]
Hutton, RichardRichard Hutton d. 26 February 1639 3 May 1617 — 26 February 1639 Died [91]
Jones, WilliamWilliam Jones 1566 — 6 December 1640 25 September 1621 — 17 October 1624 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [91][93]
Harvey, FrancisFrancis Harvey c. 1568 — 2 August 1632 18 October 1624 — 2 August 1632 Died [91][94]
Chamberlayne, ThomasThomas Chamberlayne d. 27 September 1625 20 October 1624 — 27 September 1625 Died [91]
Croke, GeorgeGeorge Croke c. 1560 — 16 February 1642 11 February 1625 — 9 October 1628 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [91][95]
Yelverton, HenryHenry Yelverton 29 June 1566 — 24 January 1630 10 May 1625 — 24 January 1630 Died [91][96]
Davenport, HumphreyHumphrey Davenport c. 1566 — March 1645 2 February 1630 — 10 January 1631 Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer [91][97]
Vernon, GeorgeGeorge Vernon c. 1578 — 16 December 1639 8 May 1631 — 16 December 1639 Died [91]
Crawley, FrancisFrancis Crawley 1574/5 — 13 February 1650 11 October 1632 — 24 November 1645 Appointed by the king, Crawley was disabled by Parliament [91][98]
Reeve, EdmundEdmund Reeve c. 1589 — 27 March 1647 24 March 1639 — 27 March 1647 Died [91][99]
Foster, RobertRobert Foster 1589 — 27 March 1647 27 January 1640 — 24 November 1645
31 May 1660 — 21 October 1660
Appointed by the king, Foster was disabled by Parliament
Following the English Restoration, Foster was restored to the court before becoming Chief Justice of the King's Bench
[100][101]
Phesant, PeterPeter Phesant 1584 — 1 October 1649 7 October 1645 — 1 October 1649 Died [100][102]
Godbolt, JohnJohn Godbolt d. 3 August 1648 1 May 1647 — 3 August 1648 Died [100]
Cresheld, RichardRichard Cresheld d. 1652 18 October 1648 — 8 February 1649 Retired [100]
Bedingfield, ThomasThomas Bedingfield 1591/2 — 24 March 1661 22 November 1648 — 8 February 1649 Retired [100][103]
Puleston, JohnJohn Puleston c. 1583 — 5 September 1659 12 June 1649 — 1654 Retired [100][104]
Warburton, PeterPeter Warburton 27 March 1588 — 28 February 1666 12 June 1649 — 1654 Retired [100][105]
Atkyns, EdwardEdward Atkyns 1587 — 9 October 1669 23 October 1649 — January 1660 Retired [100][106]
Hale, MatthewMatthew Hale 1 November 1609 — 25 December 1676 31 January 1653 — May 1659 Retired [100][107]
Wyndham, HughHugh Wyndham 1602/3 — 27 July 1684 30 May 1654 — May 1661
22 January 1673 — 27 July 1684
Not reappointed
Died
[108][109]
Archer, JohnJohn Archer 1598 — 8 February 1682 11 February 1659 — May 1661
4 November 1663 — 8 February 1682
Not reappointed
Died
[108][110]
Hyde, RobertRobert Hyde 1595/6 — 1 May 1665 31 May 1660 — 19 October 1663 Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench [108][111]
Tyrrell, ThomasThomas Tyrrell 1593/4 — 8 March 1672 7 July 1660 — 8 March 1672 Died [108][112]
Browne, SamuelSamuel Browne c. 1598 — 11 April 1668 3 November 1660 — 11 April 1668 Died [108][113]
Wilde, WilliamWilliam Wilde c. 1611 — 11 April 1668 16 April 1668 — 21 January 1673 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [108][114]
Atkyns, RobertRobert Atkyns d. 18 February 1710 25 April 1672 — 17 April 1689 Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer [108][115]
Ellis, WilliamWilliam Ellis July 1609 — 3 December 1680 18 December 1672 — 4 July 1676
30 April 1679 — 3 December 1680
Removed
Died
[116][117]
Scroggs, WilliamWilliam Scroggs c. 1623 — 24 January 1695 23 October 1676 — 31 May 1678 Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench [116][118]
Bertie, VereVere Bertie c. 1638 — 23 February 1681 15 June 1678 — 29 April 1679 Removed [116][119]
Raymond, ThomasThomas Raymond 1626/7 — 14 July 1683 7 February 1680 — 24 April 1680 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [116][120]
Charlton, JobJob Charlton c. 1614 — 27 May 1697 26 April 1680 — 20 April 1686 Removed [116][121]
Levinz, CreswellCreswell Levinz 1627 — 29 January 1701 12 February 1681 — 9 February 1686 Removed [116][122]
Street, ThomasThomas Street d. 8 March 1696 29 October 1684 — 1689 Not reappointed on the accession of William and Mary [116]
Bedingfield, HenryHenry Bedingfield 1632 — 6 February 1687 10 February 1686 — 21 April 1686 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [116][123]
Lutwyche, EdwardEdward Lutwyche 6 September 1634 — 11 June 1709 21 April 1686 — 1689 Not reappointed on the accession of William and Mary [116][124]
Powell, JohnJohn Powell 1632/3 — 7 September 1696 24 April 1686 — 13 April 1687
18 March 1689 — 7 September 1696
Became a Justice of the King's Bench
Died
[125][126]
Milton, ChristopherChristopher Milton 1615 — March 1693 14 April 1687 — 6 July 1688 Removed [125][127]
Jenner, ThomasThomas Jenner 1638 — 31 December 1706 6 July 1688 — 1689 Not reappointed on the accession of William and Mary [125][128]
Gregory, WilliamWilliam Gregory 1 March 1625 — 28 May 1696 18 April 1689 — 8 May 1689 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [125][129]
Rokeby, ThomasThomas Rokeby c. 1631 — 26 November 1699 8 May 1689 — 25 October 1695 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [125][130]
Ventris, PeytonPeyton Ventris November 1645 — 6 April 1691 9 May 1689 — 6 April 1691 Died [125][131]
Neville, EdwardEdward Neville d. 7 August 1705 30 October 1691 — 7 August 1705 Died [125]
Powell, JohnJohn Powell 26 May 1645 — 14 June 1713 26 October 1695 — 23 June 1702 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [125][132]
Blencowe, JohnJohn Blencowe 30 November 1642 — 8 May 1726 24 November 1697 — 22 June 1722 Retired [125][133]
Tracy, RobertRobert Tracy 1655 — 11 September 1735 23 June 1702 — 26 October 1726 Retired [125][134]
Dormer, RobertRobert Dormer d. 18 September 1726 11 February 1706 — 18 September 1726 Died [135]
Denton, AlexanderAlexander Denton d. 22 March 1740 25 June 1722 — 22 March 1740 Died [135]
Price, RobertRobert Price 14 January 1655 — 2 February 1733 20 October 1726 — 2 February 1733 Died [135][136]
Page, FrancisFrancis Page 1660/1 — 19 December 1741 4 November 1726 — 27 September 1727 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [135][137]
Cowper, SpencerSpencer Cowper 23 February 1670 — 10 December 1728 24 October 1727 — 10 December 1728 Died [135][138]
Fortescue Aland, JohnJohn Fortescue Aland 7 March 1670 — 19 December 1746 23 January 1729 — 25 June 1746 Resigned [135][139]
Reeve, ThomasThomas Reeve 1672/3 — 19 January 1737 15 April 1733 — 26 January 1736 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [135][140]
Comyns, JohnJohn Comyns c. 1667 — 13 November 1740 5 February 1736 — 7 July 1738 Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer [135][141]
Fortescue, WilliamWilliam Fortescue d. 16 December 1749 7 July 1738 — 5 November 1741 Became Master of the Rolls [135][142]
Parker, ThomasThomas Parker d. 29 December 1784 21 April 1740 — 29 November 1742 Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer [135][143]
Burnet, ThomasThomas Burnet 19 February 1694 — 7 January 1753 5 November 1741 — 7 January 1753 Died [135][144]
Abney, ThomasThomas Abney 1690/1 — 7 January 1753 10 February 1743 — 19 May 1750 Died [135][145]
Birch, ThomasThomas Birch d. 12 March 1757 24 June 1746 — 12 March 1757 Died [146]
Gundry, NathanielNathaniel Gundry d. 30 March 1754 23 June 1750 — 30 March 1754 Died [146]
Clive, EdwardEdward Clive 1704 — 18 April 1771 29 January 1753 — 13 February 1770 Retired [146][147]
Bathurst, HenryHenry Bathurst 20 May 1714 — 6 August 1794 2 May 1754 — 23 January 1771 Became Lord Chancellor [146][148]
Noel, WilliamWilliam Noel 19 March 1695 — 8 December 1762 3 May 1757 — 8 December 1762 Died [146][149]
Gould, HenryHenry Gould 1710 — 5 March 1794 15 December 1762 — 5 March 1794 Died [146][150]
Yates, JosephJoseph Yates 1722 — 7 June 1770 16 February 1770 — 7 June 1770 Died [146][151]
Blackstone, WilliamWilliam Blackstone 10 July 1723 — 14 February 1780 25 June 1770 — 14 February 1780 Died [146][152]
Nares, GeorgeGeorge Nares 1716 — 20 July 1786 26 January 1771 — 20 July 1786 Died [146][153]
Heath, JohnJohn Heath 1736 — 16 January 1816 7 July 1780 — 16 January 1816 Died [146][154]
Wilson, JohnJohn Wilson 6 August 1741 — 18 October 1793 6 November 1786 — 18 October 1793 Died [146][155]
Rooke, GilesGiles Rooke 3 June 1743 — 7 March 1808 7 November 1793 — 7 March 1808 Died [146][156]
Lawrence, SouldenSoulden Lawrence 1751 — 8 July 1814 7 March 1794 — 18 June 1794
31 March 1808 — 28 May 1812
Became a Justice of the King's Bench
Retired
[157][158]
Buller, FrancisFrancis Buller 17 March 1746 — 4 June 1800 18 June 1794 — 4 June 1800 Died [157][159]
Chambre, AlanAlan Chambre 4 October 1739 — 20 September 1823 11 June 1800 — 11 January 1816 Retired [157][160]
Gibbs, VicaryVicary Gibbs 27 October 1751 — 8 February 1820 29 May 1812 — 6 November 1813 Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer [157][161]
Dallas, RobertRobert Dallas 16 October 1756 — 25 December 1824 18 November 1813 — 4 November 1818 Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [157][162]
Park, James AlanJames Alan Park 6 April 1763 — 8 December 1838 23 January 1816 — 8 December 1838 Died [157][163]
Abbott, CharlesCharles Abbott 7 October 1762 — 4 November 1832 12 February 1816 — 2 May 1816 Became a Justice of the King's Bench [157][164]
Burrough, JamesJames Burrough August 1749 — 25 March 1837 4 May 1816 — 16 January 1830 Retired [157][165]
Richardson, JohnJohn Richardson 3 March 1771 — 19 March 1841 30 November 1818 — 18 June 1824 Retired [157][166]
Gaselee, StephenStephen Gaselee d. 26 March 1839 5 July 1824 — 22 February 1837 Retired [167]
Bosanquet, JohnJohn Bosanquet 2 May 1773 — 25 September 1847 1 February 1830 — 16 January 1830 Retired [167][168]
Alderson, Edward HallEdward Hall Alderson d. 27 January 1857 1 November 1830 — 29 April 1834 Became a Baron of the Exchequer [167][169]
Vaughan, JohnJohn Vaughan 11 February 1769 — 25 September 1839 29 April 1834 — 25 September 1839 Died [167][170]
Coltman, ThomasThomas Coltman d. 11 July 1849 23 February 1837 — 11 July 1849 Died [167]
Erskine, ThomasThomas Erskine 12 March 1788 — 9 November 1864 9 January 1839 — 4 November 1844 Retired [167][171]
Maule, William HenryWilliam Henry Maule 25 April 1788 — 16 January 1858 11 November 1839 — 3 July 1855 Retired [167][172]
Cresswell, CresswellCresswell Cresswell 20 August 1793 — 29 July 1863 26 January 1842 — 11 January 1858 Became a judge of the newly—created Court for Divorce and Matrimonial Causes [167][173]
Erle, WilliamWilliam Erle 1 October 1793 — 28 January 1880 6 November 1844 — 27 October 1846 Became a justice of the Queen's Bench [167][174]
Williams, Edward VaughanEdward Vaughan Williams 1797 — 2 November 1875 27 October 1846 — 7 February 1865 Retired [167][175]
Talfourd, Thomas NoonThomas Noon Talfourd 26 May 1795 — 13 March 1854 28 July 1849 — 13 March 1854 Died [167][176]
Crowder, RichardRichard Crowder 17 May 1796 — 5 December 1859 24 March 1854 — 5 December 1859 Died [177][178]
Willes, James ShawJames Shaw Willes 13 February 1814 — 2 October 1872 3 July 1855 — 2 October 1872 Died [177][179]
Byles, John BarnardJohn Barnard Byles 11 January 1801 — 3 February 1884 9 January 1858 — 23 January 1873 Retired [177][180]
Keating, Henry SingerHenry Singer Keating 13 January 1804 — 1 October 1888 14 December 1859 — 5 February 1875 Retired [177][181]
Smith, Montague EdwardMontague Edward Smith 25 December 1806 — 3 May 1891 7 February 1865 — 3 November 1871 Became a member of the Privy Council [177][182]
Brett, WilliamWilliam Brett 13 August 1815 — 5 December 1859 24 August 1868 — 1 November 1875 Became a judge of the High Court of Justice (Common Pleas Division) [177][183]
Collier, RobertRobert Collier 21 June 1817 — 27 October 1886 7 November 1871 — 22 November 1871 Became a member of the Privy Council [177][184]
Grove, William RobertWilliam Robert Grove 11 July 1811 — 1 August 1896 30 November 1871 — 1 November 1875 Became a judge of the High Court of Justice (Common Pleas Division) [177][185]
Denman, GeorgeGeorge Denman 23 December 1819 — 21 December 1896 17 October 1872 — 1 November 1875 Became a judge of the High Court of Justice (Common Pleas Division) [177][186]
Honyman, GeorgeGeorge Honyman 22 January 1819 — 16 September 1875 23 January 1873 — 18 February 1875 Retired [177][187]
Archibald, Thomas DicksonThomas Dickson Archibald 1817 — 18 October 1876[188] 6 February 1875 — 1 November 1875 Became a judge of the High Court of Justice (Common Pleas Division) [177]
Huddleston, John WalterJohn Walter Huddleston 8 September 1815 — 5 December 1890 22 February 1875 — 12 May 1875 Became a Baron of the Exchequer [189][190]
Lindley, NathanielNathaniel Lindley 29 November 1828 — 9 December 1921 12 May 1875 — 1 November 1875 Became a judge of the High Court of Justice (Common Pleas Division) [189][191]

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Bibliography[edit]

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