Justyna Kowalczyk

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Justyna Kowalczyk
Kowalczyk-Trondheim09.jpg
Personal information
Full name Justyna Kowalczyk
Born (1983-01-19) 19 January 1983 (age 31)
Limanowa, Poland
Height 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)
Professional information
Club AZS AWF Katowice
Skis Fischer
World Cup
Seasons 2001– present
Wins 49 (all wins)
30 (World Cup)
14 (Tour de Ski)
3 (World Cup Final)
2 (Ruka Triple)
Additional podiums 63 (World Cup)
28 (Tour de Ski)
8 (World Cup Final)
4 (Ruka Triple)
Total podiums 103
Overall titles 4 (2008/09, 2009/10, 2010/11, 2012/13)
Updated on 2014-02-13.

Justyna Kowalczyk (born 19 January 1983[1]) is a Polish cross country skier who has been competing since 2000. Kowalczyk is a double Olympic Champion and a double World Champion. She is also the only skier who won the Tour de Ski four times in a row and one of two female skiers, who won the FIS Cross-Country World Cup three times in a row (the other one being Finn Marjo Matikainen). Kowalczyk holds the all-time record for the most wins in Tour de Ski with 14 competitions won and 29 podiums in total.

She is a member of cross country ski department of AZS AWF Katowice and is coached by Aleksander Wierietielny.

Career[edit]

Justyna Kowalczyk celebrates the gold medal in the women's 30 km classical event at the 2010 Olympics.

Kowalczyk finished second in the individual sprint at the 2003 World Junior Championships. She finished 31st in the individual sprint event at the 2003 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships. Recently in Canmore, Canada, on 22 January 2008, Justyna Kowalczyk won the race for her second World Cup triumph. She followed in Canmore with two more bronze medals in the same World Cup event. Kowalczyk was 3rd in the 2007 World Cup. She has also won eighteen individual events at various distances and levels since 2001.

At the 2009 world championships in Liberec, Kowalczyk won two gold medals, one in the women's pursuit (7.5 km classical + 7.5 km free technique), and another one in the 30 km mass start. She also secured a bronze medal in the 10 km classical event.

She won the overall 2008–09 Cross-Country Skiing World Cup. On 24 March 2009, Kowalczyk was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta.

On 27 February 2010, Kowalczyk beat Norway's Marit Bjørgen by 0.3 seconds to win the gold medal in the women's 30 km classical event in the 2010 Winter Olympics. She posted a time of one hour, 30 minutes, 33.7 seconds. She earned two more medals in Vancouver, taking silver behind Bjørgen in the individual sprint classic on February 17, 2010, and bronze in the 15 km pursuit on February 19, 2010.

Kowalczyk won the 10 km classical race in the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi on a broken foot. She did not finish 30 km freestyle race. [2]

The suspension in 2005[edit]

At the 2005 World Championships, Kowalczyk competed but was subsequently disqualified for taking dexamethasone at the Under23 (U23) OPA (Alpine Nations) Intercontinental Cup competition in Oberstdorf, Germany back on January 23, 2005. Dexamethason is a substance that is allowed Out-of-Competition but prohibited In-Competition. It acts as an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant. Kowalczyk used the substance to alleviate an Achilles tendon condition.

On 13 June 2005, the FIS Doping Panel issued a two-year suspension (23 January 2005 – 22 January 2007) for Kowalczyk. In late June 2005 FIS determined that since dexamethasone was a glucocorticosteroid, it was classified as a specified substance on the World Anti-Doping Agency list of prohibited substances, and therefore the period of ineligibility for the first violation is at a maximum, one year's ineligibility. The FIS Doping Panel therefore reduced the suspension to one year.

Kowalczyk appealed to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) which held that Kowalczyk did not use Dexamethason to enhance her sport performance. However, she acted negligently, but the measure of the negligence did not justify a one-year term of ineligibility. According to CAS, a reduced period of ineligibility ending 8 December 2005 (the day of the hearing) provided the fair and proportionate measure of sanction.

CAS criticised the FIS Doping Panel that their decision excluded any consideration of Kowalczyk's defence that she did not use the substance to enhance her sport performance. According to CAS, Kowalczyk had disclosed and substantiated her defence that Dexamethason was not intended to enhance performance. She had submitted corresponding medical certifications to the FIS Doping Panel as proof of use in alleviating an Achilles tendon condition. Upon Kowalczyk's prima facie showing that her use of the substance was for medical reasons, the burden of proof shifted to FIS to prove the contrary.

Criticism of anti-asthma drugs[edit]

Kowalczyk criticized Marit Bjørgen and other competitors during the Olympic Games in 2010 for using anti-asthma drugs. Bjørgen won five medals in the Olympics, three of them gold.[3] The drug is allowed by FIS if prescribed by an Olympic team physician.[3] Kowalczyk later apologized for the timing of her statements, since the Games were still going on at the time.[3] The asthma medication Marit Bjørgen is using, Symbicort, has since been removed from WADA's list of banned substances.[4]

World Cup victories[edit]

Season titles[edit]

Season Discipline
2008–09 Overall
Distance
2009–10 Overall
Distance
Sprint
2010–11 Overall
Distance
2012–13 Overall
Distance

Race victories[edit]

  1. Estonia Otepää – January 27, 2007 – Individual (10 km) classical
  2. Canada Canmore – January 22, 2008 – (7.5 km + 7.5 km) double pursuit
  3. Canada Whistler – January 17, 2009 – (7.5 km + 7.5 km) double pursuit
  4. Estonia Otepää – January 24, 2009 – Individual (10 km) classical
  5. Italy Valdidentro – February 14, 2009 – Individual (10 km) classical
  6. Finland Lahti – March 8, 2009 – (10 km) freestyle interval start
  7. Sweden Falun – World Cup Final – March 18–22, 2009 – (25 km)
  8. Finland Kuusamo – November 28, 2009 – Individual sprint classical
  9. Slovenia Rogla – December 20, 2009 – (15 km) classical mass start
  10. GermanyCzech RepublicItaly Tour de Ski – January 1–10, 2010 – (60 km)
  11. Estonia Otepää – January 16, 2010 – Individual (10 km) classical
  12. Russia Rybinsk – January 23, 2010 – (7.5 km + 7.5 km) double pursuit
  13. Canada Canmore – February 6, 2010 – Individual sprint classical
  14. GermanyItaly Tour de Ski – January 9, 2010/2011 – (60 km)
  15. Russia Rybinsk – February 4, 2011 – (5 km + 5 km) double pursuit
  16. Slovenia Rogla – December 17, 2011 – (10 km) classical mass start
  17. GermanyItaly Tour de Ski – January 8, 2011/2012 – (63 km)
  18. Estonia Otepää – January 21, 2012 – Individual sprint classical
  19. Estonia Otepää – January 22, 2012 – Individual (10 km) classical
  20. Russia Moscow – February 2, 2012 – Sprint (1.5 km) freestyle
  21. Poland Szklarska Poręba – February 18, 2012 – Individual (10 km) classical
  22. Canada Canmore – December 13, 2012 – Individual (10 km) classical
  23. Canada Canmore – December 16, 2012 – (7.5 km + 7.5 km) double pursuit
  24. GermanySwitzerlandItaly Tour de Ski – January 6, 2012/2013 – (50 km)
  25. Switzerland Davos – February 16, 2013 – Individual sprint classical
  26. Finland Lahti – March 10, 2013 – (10 km) classical interval start
  27. Norway Drammen – March 13, 2013 – Individual sprint classical
  28. Norway Lillehammer – December 7, 2013 – (10 km) classical interval start
  29. Italy Asiago – December 21, 2013 – Individual sprint classical
  30. Poland Szklarska Poręba – January 19, 2014 – (10 km) classical mass start

Total podiums[edit]

  1. Estonia Otepää – January 7, 2006 – Individual (10 km) classical (3. place)
  2. Estonia Otepää – January 27, 2007 – Individual (10 km) classical (1. place)
  3. Finland Kuusamo – December 2, 2007 – Individual (10 km) classical (3. place)
  4. Canada Canmore – January 22, 2008 – (7.5 km + 7.5 km) double pursuit (1. place)
  5. Canada Canmore – January 23, 2008 – Individual sprint classical (3. place)
  6. Canada Canmore – January 25, 2008 – (10 km) freestyle interval start (3. place)
  7. Czech Republic Liberec – February 16, 2008 – (10 km) freestyle interval start (2. place)
  8. Italy Bormio – March 16, 2008 – (10 km) freestyle interval start (2. place)
  9. Finland Kuusamo – November 29, 2008 – Individual sprint classical (3. place)
  10. Canada Whistler – January 16, 2009 – Individual sprint classical (2. place)
  11. Canada Whistler – January 17, 2009 – (7.5 km + 7.5 km) double pursuit (1. place)
  12. Estonia Otepää – January 24, 2009 – Individual (10 km) classical (1. place)
  13. Italy Valdidentro – February 14, 2009 – Individual (10 km) classical (1. place)
  14. Finland Lahti – March 8, 2009 – (10 km) freestyle interval start (1. place)
  15. Norway Trondheim – March 12, 2009 – Individual sprint classical (3. place)
  16. Norway Trondheim – March 14, 2009 – (30 km) classical mass start (2. place)
  17. Sweden Falun – World Cup Final – March 18–22, 2009 – (25 km) (1. place)
  18. Finland Kuusamo – November 28, 2009 – Individual sprint classical (1. place)
  19. Slovenia Rogla – December 19, 2009 – Individual sprint classical (2. place)
  20. Slovenia Rogla – December 20, 2009 – (15 km) classical mass start (1. place)
  21. GermanyCzech RepublicItaly Tour de Ski – January 1–10, 2010 – (60 km) (1.place)
  22. Estonia Otepää – January 16, 2010 – Individual (10 km) classical (1.place)
  23. Russia Rybinsk – January 22, 2010 – Individual sprint freestyle (3. place)
  24. Russia Rybinsk – January 23, 2010 – (7.5 km + 7.5 km) double pursuit (1. place)
  25. Canada Canmore – February 5, 2010 – (10 km) freestyle interval start (2. place)
  26. Canada Canmore – February 6, 2010 – Individual sprint classical (1. place)
  27. Finland Lahti – March 6, 2010 – (7.5 km + 7.5 km) double pursuit (2. place)
  28. Sweden Falun – World Cup Final – March 17–21, 2010 – (25 km) (2. place)
  29. Finland Kuusamo – November 28, 2010 – (15 km) freestyle interval start (2. place)
  30. Switzerland Davos – December 11, 2010 – Individual (10 km) classical (2.place)
  31. France La Clusaz – December 18, 2010 – (15 km) mass start (2. place)
  32. GermanyItaly Tour de Ski – January 9, 2010/2011 – (60 km) (1. place)
  33. Estonia Otepää – January 22, 2011 – Individual (10 km) classical (2. place)
  34. Russia Rybinsk – February 4, 2011 – (5 km + 5 km) double pursuit (1. place)
  35. Russia Rybinsk – February 5, 2011 – Individual sprint classical (3. place)
  36. Norway Drammen – February 19, 2011 – Individual (10 km) classical (2. place)
  37. Finland Lahti – March 12, 2011 – (5 km +5 km) double pursuit (2. place)
  38. Sweden Falun – World Cup Final – March 16–20, 2011 – (25 km) (2. place)
  39. Slovenia Rogla – December 17, 2011 – (10 km) classical mass start (1. place)
  40. GermanyItaly Tour de Ski – January 8, 2011/2012 – (63 km) (1. place)
  41. Estonia Otepää – January 21, 2012 – Individual sprint classical (1. place)
  42. Estonia Otepää – January 22, 2012 – Individual (10 km) classical (1. place)
  43. Russia Moscow – February 2, 2012 – Sprint (1.5 km) freestyle (1. place)
  44. Russia Rybinsk – February 5, 2012 – (7.5 km + 7.5 km) double pursuit (2. place)
  45. Czech Republic Nove Mesto na Morave – February 11, 2012 – (15 km) classical mass start (2. place)
  46. Poland Szklarska Poręba – February 18, 2012 – Individual (10 km) classical (1. place)
  47. Finland Lahti – March 4, 2012 – Individual sprint classical (3. place)
  48. Norway Drammen – March 7, 2012 – Individual sprint classical (3. place)
  49. Norway Oslo – March 11, 2012 – (30 km) classical mass start (2. place)
  50. Finland Kuusamo – December 2, 2012 – Triple Ruka (2. place)
  51. Canada Canmore – December 13, 2012 – Individual (10 km) classical (1. place)
  52. Canada Canmore – December 16, 2012 – (7.5 km + 7.5 km) double pursuit (1. place)
  53. GermanySwitzerlandItaly Tour de Ski – January 6, 2012/2013 – (50 km) (1. place)
  54. Czech Republic Liberec – January 12, 2013 – Individual sprint classical (2. place)
  55. France La Clusaz – January 19, 2013 – (10 km) classical mass start (3. place)
  56. Switzerland Davos – February 16, 2013 – Individual sprint classical (1. place)
  57. Switzerland Davos – February 17, 2013 – (10 km) freestyle interval start (2. place)
  58. Finland Lahti – March 10, 2013 – (10 km) classical interval start (1. place)
  59. Norway Drammen – March 13, 2013 – Individual sprint classical (1. place)
  60. Norway Oslo – March 17, 2013 – (30 km) freestyle mass start (2. place)
  61. Norway Lillehammer – December 7, 2013 – (10 km) classical interval start (1. place)
  62. Italy Asiago – December 21, 2013 – Individual sprint classical (1. place)
  63. Poland Szklarska Poręba – January 19, 2014 – (10 km) classical mass start (1. place)

Stage victories[edit]

  1. Germany Oberhof – January 2, 2010 – (10 km) Classical Handicap Start – Tour de Ski
  2. Italy Cortina – Toblach – January 7, 2010 – Individual (5 km) Classical – Tour de Ski
  3. Sweden Falun – March 19, 2010 – (2.5 km) Classical Prologue – World Cup Final
  4. Germany Oberhof – December 31, 2010 – (2.5 km) Freestyle Prologue – Tour de Ski
  5. Germany Oberhof – January 1, 2011 – (10 km) Classical Pursuit – Tour de Ski
  6. Italy Cortina – Toblach – January 6, 2011 – (16 km) Freestyle Pursuit – Tour de Ski
  7. Italy Cortina – Toblach – January 8, 2011 – (10 km) Classical Mass Start – Tour de Ski
  8. Germany Oberhof – December 29, 2011 – (2.5 km) Freestyle Prologue – Tour de Ski
  9. Germany Oberhof – December 30, 2011 – (10 km) Classical Pursuit – Tour de Ski
  10. Germany Oberstdorf – December 31, 2011 – Sprint (1.2 km) Classical Final – Tour de Ski
  11. Italy Val di Fiemme – January 7, 2012 – (10 km) Classical Mass Start – Tour de Ski
  12. Sweden Falun – March 17, 2012 – (10 km) Classical Mass Start – Tour de Ski
  13. Germany Oberhof – December 30, 2012 – (9 km) Classical Pursuit – Tour de Ski
  14. Italy Cortina – Toblach – January 3, 2013 – (15 km) Freestyle Pursuit – Tour de Ski
  15. Italy Cortina – Toblach – January 4, 2013 – Sprint (3 km) Classical Final – Tour de Ski
  16. Italy Val di Fiemme – January 5, 2013 – (10 km) Classical Mass Start – Tour de Ski
  17. Sweden Stockholm – March 20, 2013 – Sprint (1.1 km) Classical – World Cup Final
  18. Finland Kuusamo – November 29, 2013 – Sprint Classical Final – Ruka Triple
  19. Finland Kuusamo – November 30, 2013 – Individual (5 km) Classical – Ruka Triple

Additional podiums[edit]

  1. Czech Republic Nove Mesto – December 28, 2007 – (3.3 km) Classical Prologue (3. place) – Tour de Ski
  2. Czech Republic Nove Mesto – December 29, 2007 – (10 km) Freestyle Handicap (3. place) – Tour de Ski
  3. Italy Asiago – January 4, 2008 – (0,8 km) Sprint Freestyle (3. place) – Tour de Ski
  4. Germany Oberhof – December 27, 2008 – (2.8 km) Freestyle Prologue (3. place) – Tour de Ski
  5. Germany Oberhof – December 28, 2008 – (10 km) Classical Handicap Start (3. place) – Tour de Ski
  6. Sweden Falun – March 20, 2009 – (2.5 km) Freestyle Prologue (3. place) – World Cup Final
  7. Sweden Falun – March 21, 2009 – (10 km) Mass Pursuit (3. place) – World Cup Final
  8. Germany Oberhof – January 1, 2010 – (2.8 km) Freestyle Prologue (3. place) – Tour de Ski
  9. Germany Oberhof – January 2, 2010 – (10 km) Classical Handicap Start (1. place) – Tour de Ski
  10. Germany Oberhof – January 3, 2010 – Sprint (1.2 km) Classical Final (2. place) – Tour de Ski
  11. Italy Cortina – Toblach – January 6, 2010 – (16 km) Freestyle Handicap Start (3. place) – Tour de Ski
  12. Italy Cortina – Toblach – January 7, 2010 – Individual (5 km) Classical (1. place) – Tour de Ski
  13. Sweden Stockholm – March 17, 2010 – Sprint 1.1 km Classical (2. place) – World Cup Final
  14. Sweden Falun – March 19, 2010 – (2.5 km) Classical Prologue (1. place) – World Cup Final
  15. Finland Kuusamo – November 27, 2010 – Individual (5 km) Classical (2. place) – Ruka Triple
  16. Finland Kuusamo – November 27, 2010 – (10 km) Freestyle Handicap Start (3. place)- Ruka Triple
  17. Germany Oberhof – December 31, 2010 – (2.5 km) Freestyle Prologue (1. place) – Tour de Ski
  18. Germany Oberhof – January 1, 2011 – 10 km) Classical Pursuit (1. place) – Tour de Ski
  19. Germany Oberstdorf – January 2, 2011 – Sprint Classical (2. place) – Tour de Ski
  20. Italy Cortina – Toblach – January 6, 2011 – 16 km Freestyle Pursuit (1. place) – Tour de Ski
  21. Italy Cortina – Toblach – January 8, 2011 – 10 km Classical Final (1. place) – Tour de Ski
  22. Sweden Falun – March 18, 2011 – (2.5 km) Classical Prologue (2. place) – World Cup Final
  23. Germany Oberhof – December 29, 2011 – (2.5 km) Freestyle Prologue (1. place) – Tour de Ski
  24. Germany Oberhof – December 30, 2011 – 10 km) Classical Pursuit (1. place) – Tour de Ski
  25. Germany Oberstdorf – December 31, 2011 – Sprint (1.2 km) Classical Final (1. place) – Tour de Ski
  26. Germany Oberstdorf – January 1, 2012 – 5+5 km C/F Skiathlon (2. place) – Tour de Ski
  27. Italy Cortina – Toblach – January 3, 2012 – 3 km Classical (2. place) – Tour de Ski
  28. Italy Cortina – Toblach – January 4, 2012 – Sprint (1.3 km) Freestyle Final – Tour de Ski
  29. Italy Cortina – Toblach – January 5, 2012 – 15 km Freestyle Pursuit (2. place) – Tour de Ski
  30. Italy Val di Fiemme – January 7, 2012 – (10 km) Classical Mass Start (1. place) – Tour de Ski
  31. Italy Val di Fiemme – January 8, 2012 – (9 km) Classical Handicap Start (2. place) – Tour de Ski
  32. Sweden Falun – March 17, 2012 – (10 km) Classical Mass Start (1. place) – World Cup Final
  33. Germany Oberhof – December 29, 2012 – (3 km) Freestyle Prologue (3. place) – Tour de Ski
  34. Germany Oberhof – December 30, 2012 – (9 km) Classical Pursuit (1. place) – Tour de Ski
  35. Italy Cortina – Toblach – January 3, 2013 – (15 km) Freestyle Pursuit (1. place) – Tour de Ski
  36. Italy Cortina – Toblach – January 4, 2013 – Sprint (3 km) Classical Final – Tour de Ski
  37. Italy Val di Fiemme – January 5, 2013 – (10 km) Classical Mass Start – Tour de Ski
  38. Sweden Stockholm – March 20, 2013 – Sprint (1.1 km) Classical (1. place) – World Cup Final
  39. Finland Kuusamo – November 29, 2013 – Sprint Classical Final (1. place) – Ruka Triple
  40. Finland Kuusamo – November 30, 2013 – Individual (5 km) Classical (1. place) – Ruka Triple

References[edit]

  1. ^ sport.pl – interview – she explains that in fact she was born 19 January 1983, but a registrar made a mistake and noted 23 January, which wasn't officially corrected
  2. ^ Vancouver2010.com – Athlete profile
  3. ^ a b c "Cross-Country Skiing: Kowalczyk claims ladies 30 km gold".[dead link] – 27 February 2010 Vancouver2010.com (AFP) article accessed 28 February 2010.
  4. ^ [1] The cycling link is used because it is the most concise text about Symbicort's removal. The list of banned substances is, of course, the same for cycling and cross-country skiing

External links[edit]

Awards
Preceded by
Robert Kubica
Polish Sportspersonality of the Year
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Incumbent