|Intercommunality||Portes de l'Essonne|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Etienne Chaufour|
|• Land1||2.24 km2 (0.86 sq mi)|
|• Population2 Density||6,400/km2 (16,000/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||91326 / 91260|
|Elevation||32–92 m (105–302 ft)
(avg. 36 m or 118 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Inhabitants of Juvisy-sur-Orge are known as Juvisiens.
The site of the town has been occupied from ancient times; it is noted in Julius Caesar's book about the Gallic Wars. Centuries later, It then became an important place under the French monarchy as it was a royal hotel. It would also be used as a post relay and was the first one on the road to Fontainebleau. It became a major road and railway junction back in the 1840s as its railway station was built in 1840 and it was the first city surrounding Paris that had, at this point, a bridge (built in 1893) crossing the river Seine.
Most of the city was destroyed in April 1944 by an Allied bombing as the city was the only one surrounding Paris that had such a big railway station and had railway lines going to most of France's major cities. It was then rebuilt between 1945 and the 1970s.
The city is today known for having the fourth largest and most-frequented railway station in the Paris area.
From 1882 to 1925 Juvisy-sur-Orge was the location of the astronomer Camille Flammarion's observatory, as well as the 1740 Pyramid erected to memorialize the work of Jean Picard and Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in measuring the Earth's circumference.
It is also the birthplace of Jean-Jacques Annaud, film director, Christophe, singer, and the burial site of author Raymond Queneau, also now represented by the Bibliothèque-Médiathèque Raymond Queneau.
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