Károly Leiningen-Westerburg (German: Karl August Graf zu Leiningen-Westerburg; 11 April 1819, Ilbenstadt - 6 October 1849, Arad) was a German honvéd general in the Hungarian Army. He was executed for his part in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, and is considered one of the 13 Martyrs of Arad.
Life and Martyrdom
The Duke was born into a military family in which several members had military careers, such as his brothers Lajos (1807-1864), Viktor (1821 to 1880), and György (1815-1850) with the standing imperial army. His father, Frederick, Prince of Leiningen-Westerburg (1761-1839), and his mother, Maria Eleonore, were from Breitwieser.
He married in 1844 and through his wife, Elizabeth, became the Duke of Sissányi Hungary (Törökbecse). In the of autumn 1848 the Timisoara regiment was ordered to mobilize, in which he volunteered for the campaign waged against the Serbs. By December 1848 he was a major, and was promoted to lieutenant colonel in March 1849, and colonel in April. He gained further prestige from the spring campaign and was promoted to the rank of general on July 1. He was discharge on July 2, along with Louis Benedict Szőny, and joined the uprising.
Before the final defeat, he successfully repulsed a number of attacks. He was captured and sentenced to death by hanging. His last recorded words were: "Just now late, was known to me that the newspapers in addition to the soaring news as if I was in Castle income of the Austrian officers had orozva legyilkoltattam , I have by no pages that refute no occasion , but at the last minute , under God's skies open before those present - and when he went before the judgment seat of God's constant - put this news from me solemnly declare low slander. " His death by hanging was carried out along with the rest of the partisans.
His wife, Elizabeth Törökbecse Sissányi (died November 2, 1898), bore him two children :
- Elizabeth "Liza" Victoria Constance Frederica Eleanor (1844-1913), who became the wife of the British general William Barwell, and from whom Lilien († 1894), Henriette and her child Richard were born.
- Armin (Casimir Hermann) (July 11 1848 - December 1900). Served in the Royal Hungarian army, but due to health issues retired at the rank of captain. After that, he took a position in Titel, Ministerial Commissioner for the Tisza-Danube belvizszabályozó Society. He published his father's diary and correspondence, under which Henry ordered Marczali press. His body was moved to its final resting place in 1903 in Titel.
His widow remarried in 1854 and with her second husband, Joseph Bethlen, bore four children (Stephen, Bravo, Nicholas, Anna).
In 1911 a statue to his heroism and martyrdom was erected in Törökbecse.
- Leiningen-Westerburg (-Alt-Leiningen), Georg zu, gróf (1815-1850), százados a cs. kir. 10. gyalogezredben, Leiningen bátyja. Leiningen-Westerburg (-Alt-Leiningen), Georg zu, gróf (1815-1850), százados a cs. kir. 10. gyalogezredben, Leiningen bátyja.
- Nekrológját a Vasárnapi Újság közölte, 1898. november 6-ai számában: Özv. gróf BETHLEN JÓZSEFNÉ, szül. Sissány Erzsébet, elhunyt november 2-án Budapesten, 72 éves korában. Az elhunyt kétszer szenvedte át az özvegység fájdalmát. Első férje az aradi vértanúk közt dicsőült meg, gróf Leiningen Károly tábornok. Ifjú özvegye mély fájdalmával elvonult a világtól, mígnem megismerkedett a szabadságharcz egyik vitéz katonájával, gróf Bethlen Józseffel, s másodszor is férjhez ment. Az öreg úrnőt sokan ismerték a fővárosban, de kevesen tudták, hogy Leiningen özvegye. A nyarat még Visegrádon töltötte, hol Görgei tábornok is többször meglátogatta. Holttestét e hó 4-ikén Kolozsvárra szállították.
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