Köhlbrand Bridge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Köhlbrand Bridge (German: Köhlbrandbrücke) is a cable-stayed bridge in Hamburg, Germany,[1] which connects the harbor area on the island of Wilhelmsburg between the Norderelbe and Süderelbe anabranches of the Elbe river with motorway 7 (exit Waltershof). It bridges the Süderelbe, here called Köhlbrand, before it unites with the Norderelbe again. The bridge was opened on 9 September 1974.

Köhlbrand Bridge
Köhlbrandbrücke
Köhlbrandbrücke5478.JPG
Köhlbrand Bridge in the port of Hamburg
Carries Cars
Crosses Köhlbrand, part of the river Süderelbe
Locale Hamburg, Germany
Design Cable-stayed bridge
Total length 3,618 m
Width 17.5 m
Height 135 m
Longest span 325 m
Clearance below 55 m above middle tide
Construction begin 1970
Construction end 1974
Opened September 20, 1974
Toll free
Daily traffic 30,000 cars
Closed approx 2028[2]
Köhlbrandbrücke is located in Hamburg
Köhlbrandbrücke
Köhlbrandbrücke

History[edit]

The bridge was designed by Hans Wittfoht and Egon Jux. It took 4 years to build.

Since its opening the bridge has only twice been open to pedestrians, on the opening day 1974 and on its 30th birthday in 2004. The magnificent view over the city of Hamburg is however not completely limited to the drivers of cars and trucks. The bridge is on the route of Hamburg's yearly UCI World Tour bicycle race Vattenfall Cyclassics. Quite a number of the amateurs participating in this race make a stop on top of the Köhlbrand Bridge.

Several people have committed suicide by jumping from the Köhlbrand Bridge.

The bridge was a location in the 1987 German thriller Der Joker (de), starring Peter Maffay and Michael York. A fictionalized version was also featured in the 2011 video game Modern Warfare 3, during the mission "Goalpost".

Technical data[edit]

The bridge is made from about 81,000 cubic metres (106,000 cu yd) of concrete and 12,700 tonnes (12,500 long tons; 14,000 short tons) of steel. Each day, about 30,000 cars pass over the bridge. Its total cost amounted 160 million DM.[citation needed]

The bridge is made of 80 locked coil stay-cables, each ranging from diameter of 58 millimetres (2 in) to 110 millimetres (4 in) in diameter. It is 520 metres (1,706 ft) long, the center piece 325 m (1,066 ft).[1] It is carried by 2 steel pylons (the highest one of height 135 m (443 ft))[citation needed]. It has an under-clearance of 53 metres (174 ft).[1] The road has an inclination of 4%.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Stahl, F. L., & Gagnon, C. P. (1996). books on google play cable corrosion in bridges and other structures: Causes and solutions. ASCE Publications. ISBN 978-0784400142. Retrieved on 16 March 2012 from http://books.google.com/books?id=SU4FllCNFTEC&pg=PA202&dq=Köhlbrand Bridge&hl=en&sa=X&ei=vsRjT7_MBuiliQLyh-yiDw&ved=0CDYQuwUwAA
  2. ^ Die Welt, 8 January 2008 (in German)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°31′18″N 9°56′18″E / 53.52167°N 9.93833°E / 53.52167; 9.93833