Königslutter

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Königslutter
Old town and monastery church (Kaiserdom)
Old town and monastery church (Kaiserdom)
Coat of arms of Königslutter
Coat of arms
Königslutter   is located in Germany
Königslutter
Königslutter
Coordinates: 52°15′N 10°49′E / 52.250°N 10.817°E / 52.250; 10.817Coordinates: 52°15′N 10°49′E / 52.250°N 10.817°E / 52.250; 10.817
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Helmstedt
First mentioned 1135
Subdivisions 18 Stadtteile
Government
 • Mayor Alexander Hoppe (SPD)
Area
 • Total 130.58 km2 (50.42 sq mi)
Elevation 134 m (440 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 15,579
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 38154
Dialling codes 05353
Vehicle registration HE
Website www.koenigslutter.de

Königslutter am Elm is a town in the district of Helmstedt in Lower Saxony, Germany.

Geography[edit]

Kaiserdom

It is located on the northeastern slopes of the Elm hill range, within the Elm-Lappwald Nature Park, about 23 km (14 mi) east of Brunswick, 15 km (9.3 mi) west of the district capital Helmstedt, and 20 km (12 mi) south of Wolfsburg.

The town has access to the Brunswick–Magdeburg railway at the Königslutter railway station, served by Regionalbahn trains to Brunswick and Helmstedt, and is traversed by the Bundesstraße 1 federal highway. The Bundesautobahn 2 runs about 6 km (3.7 mi) north of the town centre. Königslutter is a stop on on the German Timber-Frame Road (Deutsche Fachwerkstraße) tourist route.

In its current form, the township with about 16,000 inhabitants was created in a 1974 administrative reform by joining the following 18 municipalities:

History[edit]

Church interior

A village called Lûtere in the Duchy of Saxony was first mentioned in a 1135 deed, when Emperor Lothair III established a Benedictine monastery here, centered around the Sts Peter and Paul Church, a prominent Romanesque basilica where he and his consort Richenza of Northeim as well as his son-in-law, the Welf duke Henry the Proud are also buried. The place was named after the nearby karst spring of the Lutter (from Middle High German: lauter, "pure") stream in the Elm hills.

A water castle was erected around 1200 and in 1318 the surrounding settlement was documented as a market town. Around 1400 the Dukes of Brunswick granted the citizens of Luttere town privileges. From the late 14th century onwards, the place was called Konnigesluttere, referring to late Emperor Lothair III, King of the Romans.

Located on the trade route from Brunswick to Magdeburg (the present-day Bundesstraße 1), beer brewing and Elm limestone mining and cutting were its main industries in early modern times, while the monastery developed as a pilgrimage destination. Not until 1924, the monastery complex and the adjacent settlement of Oberlutter were incorporated into the town. The monastery church is known for its sculptural art and the tomb of the emperor.

Politics[edit]

St Sebastian Church and town hall

Seats in the town's assembly (Rat) as of 2011 local elections:

In 2013 the assembly has voted to enter in merger negotiations with neighbouring Wolfsburg.

Twin towns[edit]

Königslutter is twinned with the following towns:

Notable people[edit]

The physiscian Samuel Hahnemann (1755–1843), pioneer of homeopathy, lived in Königslutter from 1796 to 1799. The Bauhaus artist Thilo Maatsch (1900–1983) spent his retirement here.

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Koenigslutter travel guide from Wikivoyage