Køge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Køge
Køge Torv  with its statue of Frederick VII
Køge Torv with its statue of Frederick VII
Køge is located in Denmark
Køge
Køge
Location in Denmark
Coordinates: 55°27′22″N 12°10′47″E / 55.45611°N 12.17972°E / 55.45611; 12.17972Coordinates: 55°27′22″N 12°10′47″E / 55.45611°N 12.17972°E / 55.45611; 12.17972
Country Denmark
Region Zealand (Sjælland)
Municipality Køge
Established 13th century
City charter 13th century
Current municipality 2007-01-01
Government
 • Mayor Marie Stærke
Area
 • Total 255.47 km2 (98.64 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2014-01-01)
 • Total 35,768
 • Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+1)
Postal code 4600
Area code(s) (+45) 56
Website www.koege.dk

Køge (pronounced [ˈkøːə] or [ˈkøːjə], older spelling Kjøge) is a seaport on the coast of Køge Bugt (Bay of Køge) 39 km southwest of Copenhagen. It is the principal town and seat of Køge Municipality, Region Sjælland, Denmark. In 2014, the urban area had a population of 35,768.[1]

The natural harbour and strategic location have given Køge a long history as a market town. Today, that past is evident in a well-preserved old town centre with many half-timbered houses.

Køge is in the Copenhagen metropolitan area and is connected to downtown Copenhagen by the E line of the S-train commuter rail system. Køge is also on a new rail line under construction between Copenhagen and Ringsted, and due for completion in 2018. The new line will make Køge a central hub in Denmark's transport system.[2]

History[edit]

Køge was officially founded in 1288, when the town became a market town, as a contrast to the ecclesiastical center at that time – Roskilde, and was an important merchant town during the late Middle Ages.

During the local witchhunt, called Køge Huskors (1608–1615), at least 15 people were convicted of witchcraft and burned at the stake. Køge suffered during the wars between Denmark and Sweden (1643–1720). In 1807, the town and surrounding area was the scene of the Battle of Køge between British and Danish troops. Køge remained a small town until the late 19th century, when industrial development and population growth began. Today, Køge is the main part of the 18th largest urban area in Denmark.

Geography[edit]

Køge is located at the bottom of Bay of Køge, demarcated by Copenhagen to the north and the Stevns Peninsula to the south, where Køge Å (Køge Creek) meets the sea.

Apart from Køge proper, the town's urban area consists of the suburbs of Køge Nord (Ølby Lyng and Ølsemagle Lyng) to the north and Hastrup and Herfølge to the south.

Economy[edit]

The port is directly connected with the Scandinavian Transport Centre, a large business park on the northwestern outskirts of Køge, where – among others – the headquarters and the Danish distribution centre of the multinational, Danish-founded, discount supermarket chain Netto is located.

Culture[edit]

Museums[edit]

Køge Museum is located at 4 Nørregade in a preserved former merchant's house from the year 1619. Further down the street, in No. 29, lies KØS - museum of art in public spaces. It is the only art museum in Denmark dedicated specifically to sketches and models for art works in the public realm. Among its holdings is the original model for The Little Mermaid in Copenhagen.

Architecture[edit]

The historical architecture of the town centre is one of the major attractions of Køge. The oldest dated half-timbered house in Denmark, which is also the oldest dated non-nobility and non-religious building of the nordic countries, can be found in Køge. It was built in 1527. Originally a section of a row of hovels, it is now a part of the public library. Pictures can be found in the gallery. The Third largest Viking Ring Fortress was found near the city of Køge, Denmark.[3]

Near the house is Sankt Nicolai Church. The tower of the church contains a lighthouse, the first to be built in Denmark.

Køge's town hall dates from 1552 and is the oldest town hall in Denmark still in use as such.

Køge Torv, the market square, is, with an area of almost 1 hectare (2.5 acres), the largest town square in Denmark outside Copenhagen and the largest and best-preserved medieval town square in Denmark. There are fair days on the square Wednesday and Saturday.

Kjøge Miniby (Kjøge Mini-Town) is a historically correct model of the town from the year 1865 – built to a scale of 1:10.

Sports[edit]

The football club HB Køge was created through a merger of professional football between Herfølge Boldklub and Køge Boldklub in 2009. It currently plays in the Danish 1st Division. Their home ground is named Herfølge Stadion. It is used and serves as the primary training fields and facilities of the professional club, besides the now amateur mother club of Herfølge Boldklub. The Facilities is situated in the suburb of Herfølge, about 5 kilometres south of central Køge.

Gallery[edit]

Transport[edit]

Roads[edit]

The partial Y interchange, where the Danish part of the motorway E20 meet the Danish part of the motorway E47 and E55, is located only few kilometers northwest of Køge.

Railway stations[edit]

Køge station is the principal railway station of the town. There are also railway stations in the northern suburb of Ølby Lyng and in the southern suburb of Herfølge.

Port of Køge[edit]

The Port of Køge is one of the oldest ports in Denmark but has been modernised over the last few years. Since 2002, there has been a ferry connection to Rønne on the Baltic island of Bornholm, operated by BornholmerFærgen.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BEF44: Population 1st January, by urban areas database from Statistics Denmark
  2. ^ "Køge-borgmester henrykt over ny jernbane". Danmarks Radio. Retrieved 2010-09-26.  (Danish)
  3. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/denmark/11079056/Viking-ring-fortress-discovered-in-Denmark.html

External links[edit]