Kütahya

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Kütahya
Municipality
Kütahya Clock Tower
Kütahya Clock Tower
Location of Kütahya within Turkey.
Location of Kütahya within Turkey.
Kütahya is located in Turkey
Kütahya
Kütahya
Location of Kütahya within Turkey.
Coordinates: 39°25′N 29°59′E / 39.417°N 29.983°E / 39.417; 29.983Coordinates: 39°25′N 29°59′E / 39.417°N 29.983°E / 39.417; 29.983
Country  Turkey
Region Aegean
Province Kütahya
Area[1]
 • District 2,484.16 km2 (959.14 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 224,898
 • District 248,054
 • District density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website www.kutahya.bel.tr

Kütahya (Turkish pronunciation: [cyˈtahja]) is a city in western Turkey with 237,804 inhabitants (2011 estimate), lying on the Porsuk river, at 969 metres above sea level. It is the capital of Kütahya Province, inhabited by some 564 294 people (2011 estimate). The region of Kütahya has large areas of gentle slopes with agricultural land culminating in high mountain ridges to the north and west. The city's Greek name was Kotyaion[pronunciation?], Latinized in Roman times as Cotyaeum[pronunciation?].[3]

History[edit]

Economy[edit]

The industries of Kütahya have long traditions, going back to ancient times. Kütahya is famous for its kiln products, such as tiles and pottery, which are glazed and multicoloured.[10] Modern industries are sugar refining, tanning, nitrate processing and different products of meerschaum, which is extracted nearby. The local agricultural industry produces cereals, fruits and sugar beet. In addition stock raising is of much importance. Not far from Kütahya there are important mines extracting lignite.

Kütahya is linked by rail and road with Balıkesir 250 km (155 mi) to the west, Konya 450 km (280 mi) to the southeast, Eskişehir 70 km (43 mi) northeast and Ankara 300 km (186 mi) east.

Climate[edit]

Kütahya has a warm summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dsb), with cold and snowy winters and warm and dry summers. Rainfall occurs mostly during the spring and autumn, but can be observed throughout the year.

Climate data for Kütahya
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
20.6
(69.1)
27.0
(80.6)
30.2
(86.4)
32.5
(90.5)
36.2
(97.2)
39.5
(103.1)
38.8
(101.8)
36.1
(97)
31.2
(88.2)
25.4
(77.7)
21.7
(71.1)
39.5
(103.1)
Average high °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
6.5
(43.7)
11.0
(51.8)
16.2
(61.2)
21.3
(70.3)
25.2
(77.4)
28.2
(82.8)
28.5
(83.3)
24.8
(76.6)
19.0
(66.2)
12.7
(54.9)
6.6
(43.9)
17.06
(62.72)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
1.7
(35.1)
5.2
(41.4)
10.0
(50)
14.6
(58.3)
18.4
(65.1)
20.9
(69.6)
20.6
(69.1)
16.6
(61.9)
11.8
(53.2)
6.7
(44.1)
2.6
(36.7)
10.79
(51.43)
Average low °C (°F) −3.3
(26.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
0.0
(32)
4.2
(39.6)
7.9
(46.2)
11.1
(52)
13.4
(56.1)
13.2
(55.8)
9.4
(48.9)
5.8
(42.4)
1.8
(35.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
5.02
(41.03)
Record low °C (°F) −20.1
(−4.2)
−22.9
(−9.2)
−15.7
(3.7)
−7.8
(18)
−2.8
(27)
1.9
(35.4)
4.0
(39.2)
3.3
(37.9)
0.0
(32)
−6.5
(20.3)
−11.0
(12.2)
−17.8
(0)
−22.9
(−9.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 69.7
(2.744)
59.1
(2.327)
60.0
(2.362)
55.3
(2.177)
52.1
(2.051)
34.3
(1.35)
18.6
(0.732)
14.4
(0.567)
21.4
(0.843)
42.1
(1.657)
51.8
(2.039)
85.4
(3.362)
564.2
(22.211)
Avg. rainy days 14.3 12.8 12.9 13.0 11.8 7.1 4.4 3.9 4.8 8.8 10.7 14.2 118.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 62 86.8 142.6 174 229.4 279 310 291.4 225 151.9 102 58.9 2,113
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [11]

Culture[edit]

Kütahya ceramics, Pitcher, second half of the 18th century

Kütahya's old neighbourhoods are dominated by traditional Ottoman houses made of wood and stucco, some of the best examples being found along Germiyan Caddesi. It has many historical mosques such as Ulu Camii, Cinili Camii, Balikli Camii and Donenler Camii. The Şengül Hamamı is a famous Turkish bath located in the city

The town preserves some ancient ruins, a Byzantine castle and church. During late centuries Kütahya has been renowned for its Turkish earthenware, of which fine specimens may be seen at the national capital. The Kütahya Museum has a fine collection of arts and cultural artifacts from the area.

The house where Hungarian statesman Lajos Kossuth lived in exile between 1850-1851 is preserved as a museum.[1]

Education[edit]

The Main Campus and the Germiyan Campus of the Kütahya Dumlupınar University are located in the city.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kütahya is twinned with:

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04422a.htm Catholic Encyclopaedia: Cotiaeum.
  4. ^ Heinrich Gelzer, Ungedruckte und ungenügend veröffentlichte Texte der Notitiae episcopatuum, in: Abhandlungen der philosophisch-historische classe der bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1901, p. 540, nº 338.
  5. ^ Gelzer, op. cit., p. 559, nnº 650-653.
  6. ^ Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. I, coll. 851-852
  7. ^ Raymond Janin, v. Cotyaeum, in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XIII, Paris 1956, coll. 938-940
  8. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 447
  9. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 875
  10. ^ Henry Glassie, Turkish Traditional Art Today (Indiana University Press 1993), 435 ff.
  11. ^ http://www.dmi.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme/il-ve-ilceler-istatistik.aspx?m=KUTAHYA

Source and external links[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.