Kętrzyn

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Kętrzyn
Teutonic castle of Schloss Rastenburg
Teutonic castle of Schloss Rastenburg
Flag of Kętrzyn
Flag
Coat of arms of Kętrzyn
Coat of arms
Kętrzyn is located in Poland
Kętrzyn
Kętrzyn
Coordinates: 54°5′N 21°23′E / 54.083°N 21.383°E / 54.083; 21.383
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Kętrzyn County
Gmina Kętrzyn (urban gmina)
Established 1329
Town rights 1357
Government
 • Mayor Krzysztof Hećman
Area
 • Total 10.34 km2 (3.99 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 28,000
 • Density 2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11-400
Area code(s) +48 89
Car plates NKE
Website http://www.ketrzyn.pl/

Kętrzyn [ˈkɛntʂɨn] ( ) (German: Rastenburg, from Lithuanian and Old Prussian Raistpilis — "a castle in the swamps") (Ltspkr.png listen); 1945-1946 Polish: Rastembork), is a town in northeastern Poland with 28,351 inhabitants (2004). Situated in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship (since 1999), Kętrzyn was previously in Olsztyn Voivodeship (1975–1998). It is the capital of Kętrzyn County. The city was named after Wojciech Kętrzyński in 1946.

History[edit]

The original inhabitants of the region were the Balt tribe of the Aesti, mentioned by Tacitus in his Germania (AD 98). The town, known in German as Rastenburg and in Polish as Rastembork, was established in 1329 in the State of the Teutonic Knights and was granted town rights in 1357 by Henning Schindekop.

Rastenburg and the surrounding district was the scene of the First World War's First and Second Battles of the Masurian Lakes. During the Second World War Adolf Hitler's wartime military headquarters, the Wolfsschanze (Wolf's Lair), was located in the forest east of Rastenburg. The bunker was the setting for the failed 20 July plot against Hitler. In 1945 the area suffered devastation from both the retreating Germans and advancing Soviets during the Vistula-Oder campaign. Some ruins of the Wolfsschanze remain. The town itself served as a Wehrmacht garrison town until it was occupied by the Red Army on 27 January 1945.

After the war, the town was transferred to Poland under border changes promulgated at the Potsdam Conference. Its surviving German residents who had not evacuated were subsequently expelled westward and replaced with Poles. The town was renamed Rastembork in 1945, and in 1946 to Kętrzyn after the Kashubian historian and activist Wojciech Kętrzyński.[1][2]

People[edit]

Gallery[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kętrzyn is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ www.miastoketrzyn.pl
  2. ^ Maria Malec (2002). Słownik etymologiczny nazw geograficznych Polski. Wydawn. Naukowe PWN. p. 122. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°05′N 21°23′E / 54.083°N 21.383°E / 54.083; 21.383