Kīwalaʻō

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Kīwalaʻō
Aliʻi of Hawaiʻi Island
Cloak of Kiwalao (1899).jpg
The Cloak of Kīwalaʻō, 1899.
Spouse Kekuiapoiwa Liliha
Issue Keōpūolani
Father Kalaniʻōpuʻu
Mother Kalola Pupuka-o-Honokawailani
Born circa 1760
Died July, 1782
Battle of Mokuʻōhai

Kīwalaʻō (c. 1760 – July 1782) was a Hawaiian ruler.

Biography[edit]

Kīwalaʻō was a son of the King Kalaniʻōpuʻu and High Chiefess Kalola Pupuka-o-Honokawailani of Maui.[1] He was briefly the 7th Alii of Kohala, 5th Alii of Kona and 3rd Alii of Kau, and thus ruler of the island of Hawaii, in 1782 following the death of his father. He was married in 1775 to his future consort, Kekuiapoiwa Liliha, through whose father's wife, Kalola Pupuka-o-Honokawailani (the same mother of Kiwalaʻo) he was related to King Kekaulike, the 22nd Moʻi of Maui.[2]

In 1782, his disgruntled cousin Kamehameha I challenged his authority at the battle of Mokuʻōhai. Kīwalaʻō was killed in combat by Keʻeaumoku Pāpaʻiahiahi, one of Kamehameha's officers. After his death, the island of Hawaiʻi fell into chaos. Kamehameha established his dominion in districts of Kohala, Kona and parts of Hamakua. His half-brother Keōua Kuahuʻula escaped and established himself in Kau and parts of Puna while their uncle Keawemauhili added parts of Hamakua and Puna to his district of Hilo. The island would be plunge into nine more years of war until Kamehameha I to unite the Big island in 1791.

His only daughter Keōpūolani later married his successor Kamehameha. And through her, he was a grandfather of Kamehameha II and Kamehameha III.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Henry Soszynski. "Ali'i nui Kiwala'o". web page on "Rootsweb". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  2. ^ Christopher Buyers. "The Kamehameha Dynasty Genealogy (Page 3)". Royal Ark web site. Retrieved 2010-04-13. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Kalaniʻopuʻu
Aliʻi of Kaʻū
1782
Succeeded by
Keōua Kuahuʻula
Preceded by
Kalaniʻopuʻu
Aliʻi Aimoku of Hawaiʻi island
1782
Succeeded by
Kamehameha I as King of Hawaiʻi 1782–1819