Kırıkkale

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This article is about the town in Turkey. For the village in Turkey, see Melouseia.
Kırıkkale
Municipality
Kırıkkale is located in Turkey
Kırıkkale
Kırıkkale
Coordinates: 39°50′30″N 33°30′50″E / 39.84167°N 33.51389°E / 39.84167; 33.51389Coordinates: 39°50′30″N 33°30′50″E / 39.84167°N 33.51389°E / 39.84167; 33.51389
Country Turkey
Province Kırıkkale
Government
 • Mayor Veli Korkmaz (AKP)
Area[1]
 • District 318.07 km2 (122.81 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 192,473
 • District 200,625
 • District density 630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Website www.kirikkale.bel.tr

Kırıkkale is the capital of the Kırıkkale Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. It is located 80 km east of Ankara. According to the 2000 census, the population of the province is 280,834, of which 192,705 live in the city of Kırıkkale.[3][4] The name of the city means broken castle.

The town of Kırıkkale is located on the Ankara-Kayseri railway near the Kızıl River in central Turkey. Formerly a village, it owes its rapid rise in population mainly to the establishment of steel mills in the 1950s. These works, among the largest in the country, specialize in high-quality alloy steel and machinery. In the 1960s chemical plants were added.

Kırıkkale University is located in the city.

History[edit]

The name of the city supposedly comes from the name "Kırık" a village 3 km north of the city combined with another name called "Kale", meaning castle, in the centre of the city, the two were put together to make 'Kırıkkale'. Inhabitation began in the 16th century when Turkish tribes came from the east and settled in Central Anatolia. [5]

Geography[edit]

Kırıkkale was recently declared a state in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey which is near Kızılırmak River translating to Red River. The river is used to produce rice for the Turkish economy. The natural vegetation is steppe type, and vineyards are found in abundance.[6]

Climate[edit]

Kırıkkale lies on a transitional zone between a hot summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dsa) and a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk), with cold and snowy winters and hot and dry summers. Rainfall occurs mostly during the spring and autumn.

Climate data for Kırıkkale (1960-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
20.8
(69.4)
30.4
(86.7)
32.0
(89.6)
34.4
(93.9)
37.6
(99.7)
41.6
(106.9)
40.4
(104.7)
36.9
(98.4)
33.0
(91.4)
24.8
(76.6)
19.0
(66.2)
41.6
(106.9)
Average high °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
6.5
(43.7)
12.4
(54.3)
18.0
(64.4)
23.1
(73.6)
27.5
(81.5)
30.9
(87.6)
30.8
(87.4)
26.7
(80.1)
20.6
(69.1)
12.7
(54.9)
6.2
(43.2)
18.29
(64.93)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
2.1
(35.8)
6.8
(44.2)
12.2
(54)
16.9
(62.4)
21.2
(70.2)
24.6
(76.3)
24.1
(75.4)
19.5
(67.1)
13.6
(56.5)
6.9
(44.4)
2.5
(36.5)
12.57
(54.63)
Average low °C (°F) −3.0
(26.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.4
(34.5)
6.1
(43)
10.1
(50.2)
13.8
(56.8)
16.6
(61.9)
16.3
(61.3)
12.1
(53.8)
7.4
(45.3)
2.2
(36)
−0.6
(30.9)
6.7
(44.06)
Record low °C (°F) −22.4
(−8.3)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−6.8
(19.8)
0.4
(32.7)
4.6
(40.3)
7.4
(45.3)
7.2
(45)
2.7
(36.9)
−5.0
(23)
−9.7
(14.5)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−22.4
(−8.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 41.6
(1.638)
31.4
(1.236)
34.0
(1.339)
45.8
(1.803)
49.2
(1.937)
34.8
(1.37)
10.9
(0.429)
8.2
(0.323)
13.4
(0.528)
27.9
(1.098)
30.5
(1.201)
45.8
(1.803)
373.5
(14.705)
Avg. rainy days 11.4 10.5 9.7 12.3 11.4 8.1 3.5 2.9 4.1 7.0 9.0 10.8 100.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 86.8 117.6 173.6 207 272.8 318 362.7 347.2 276 201.5 129 71.3 2,563.5
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ "Adrese Dayalı Nüfus Kayıt Sistemi (ADNKS)-Nüfus Sayımı Sonuçları" (in Turkish). Retrieved 6 September 2010. 
  4. ^ GeoHive. "Statistical information on Turkey's administrative units". Retrieved 2008-03-19. 
  5. ^ http://www.allaboutturkey.com/kirikkale.htm%7Ctitle= All About Turkey|date= March 2011
  6. ^ http://www.allaboutturkey.com/kirikkale.htm%7Ctitle= All About Turkey|date= March 2011
  7. ^ http://www.dmi.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme/il-ve-ilceler-istatistik.aspx?m=KIRIKKALE

References[edit]

External links[edit]