Kōka

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For other uses, see Koka (disambiguation).

Kōka (弘化?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Tenpō and before Kaei. This period spanned the years from December 1844 through February 1848.[1] The reigning emperors were Ninkō-tennō (仁孝天皇?) and Kōmei-tennō (孝明天皇?).

Change of era[edit]

  • December 2, 1844 (Kōka gannen (弘化元年?)): The new era name of Kōka, meaning "Becoming Wide or Vast", was created to mark a fire at Edo Castle in Tenpō 15.

The nengo was not changed concurrent with the accession of Emperor Komei; instead, the Kōka era was retained until about a year after the new emperor was enthroned.[2]

Events of the Kōka era[edit]

  • 1847 (Kōka 4): A major earthquake was recorded.
  • 1848 (Kōka 5): The last subscription noh of the premodern era.[3]

During these years, Hiroshige began making a series of prints showing beautiful women in contexts of famous places.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kōka" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 546, p. 546, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Keene, Donald. (2005). Emperor of Japan: Meiji and his world, 1852-1912, p. 101., p. 101, at Google Books
  3. ^ Rath, Eric C. (2006). The Ethos of Noh: Actors And Their Art, p. 218., p. 218, at Google Books
  4. ^ Oka, Isaburo. (1987). Hiroshige: Japan's great landscape artist, p. 87., p. 87, at Google Books

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Tenpō
Era or nengō
Kōka

1844–1848
Succeeded by
Kaei