Károly Beregfy

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Károly Beregfy
Beregfy Károly.jpg
Born 12 February 1888 (1888-02-12)
Cservenka, Bács-Bodrog County, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary now Crvenka, Vojvodina, Serbia
Died 12 March 1946 (1946-03-13) (aged 58)
Budapest, Republic of Hungary
Allegiance Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary
Socialist red flag.svg Hungarian Soviet Republic
Kingdom of Hungary (1920–46) Kingdom of Hungary
Years of service 1912-1945
Rank Vezérezredes (Colonel General)
Commands held Hungarian Third Army, Hungarian First Army
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
The native form of this personal name is Beregfy Károly. This article uses the Western name order.

Károly Beregfy (12 February 1888 – 12 March 1946) was a Hungarian military officer and politician, who served as Minister of Defence between 1944–45 in the Arrow Cross Party government.

He was born as Károly Berger in Cservenka (Crvenka). He fought in the First World War where he was seriously injured. Then he joined the Hungarian Red Army to fight against the rebel nationalities. Between 1939 and 1941 he was commandant of the Royal Military Academy.

Ministers of the Arrow Cross Party government. Károly Beregfy is in the fourth from left of the lower row.

He fought in the Second World War from 1941 as commander of the VI Corps, and later commanded the Third Army and the First Army. In April 1944 he suffered a serious defeat by the Red Army. The commission examining the reasons of the defeat established Beregfy's personal responsibility, so he was dismissed from his field command.

He sympathized with the Arrow Cross Party from the beginning, although he couldn't join since under Hungarian Army regulations the members of political parties could not be officers in the Hungarian Army. After Operation Margarethe Arrow Cross leader Ferenc Szálasi sought him out and asked him to assist in a coup if Miklós Horthy tried to negotiate a surrender.

After the Arrow Cross Party's coup (15 and 16 October) the new Prime Minister Szálasi appointed Beregfy as Minister of Defence. He also served as Chief of Army Staff. Beregfy declared Hungary a manoeuvre area on 30 October and subordinated all attainable human and economical resources to the war. On 30 April 1945 he was captured by American Army troops. Brought to trial before the People's Tribunal he denied his guilt throughout. The court did not accept his arguments (Beregfy referred to disability and compulsion) and sentenced him to death. Beregfy was hanged on 12 March 1946 along with Ferenc Szálasi, Gábor Vajna, former Interior Minister in the Arrow Cross Party's cabinet and József Gera, who was a Hungarist ideologist.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Lajos Csatay
Minister of Defence
1944–1945
Succeeded by
János Vörös
Military offices
Preceded by
Lieutenant-General Lajos Csatay
Commander of the Hungarian Third Army
12 June 1943 – 15 May 1944
Succeeded by
Lieutenant-General József Heszlényi
Preceded by
Lieutenant-General Géza Lakatos
Commander of the Hungarian First Army
15 May 1944 – 1 August 1944
Succeeded by
Lieutenant-General Béla Miklós
Preceded by
Colonel-General János Vörös
Chief of the General Staff
16 October 1944 – 30 April 1945
Succeeded by
Colonel-General János Vörös