Käthe Krauß

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Käthe Krauß
Medal record
Women's athletics
Competitor for  Germany
Women's World Games
Gold 1934 London 100 metres
Gold 1934 London 200 metres
Gold 1934 London 4 x 100 m relay
Bronze 1934 London Discus throw
Olympic Games
Bronze 1936 Berlin 100 metres

Katharina ("Käthe") Anna Krauß (sometimes spelled Krauss; November 29, 1906 – January 9, 1970) was a German track and field athlete, who won 3 gold medals at the 1934 Women's World Games in London and a bronze medal in the 100 metres at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, where she was also on the German 4 × 100 m relay team. She won several German championships in various events and 2 silver medals and a gold medal in the 4 × 100 m relay at the 1938 European Athletics Championships in Vienna.

Athletics career[edit]

Born in Dresden, Krauß was a member of Dresdner SC, where she was discovered and trained by the influential coach Woldemar Gerschler.[1] She won the national women's title in the 100 metres from 1934 through 1938,[2][3][4] in the 200 metres in 1932, 1934, and 1938 (in 1931 and 1933 she took second),[5][6] and in the long jump[7] and the pentathlon in 1937,[8] and was on the national champion Dresdner SC 4 × 100 metre relay teams in 1932 and 1936.[9][10]

At the 1934 Women's World Games in London, she won gold medals in the 100 metres (11.9 s), the 200 metres (24.9 s), and the 4 × 100 metre relay (48.6 s), and the bronze medal in discus (39.875 m).[11]

At the women's 1938 European Athletics Championships in Vienna, she won silver medals in the 100 metres (12.0 s) and 200 metres (24.4 s)[12] and a gold medal as part of the German 4 × 100 metre relay team (46.8 s).[13][14]

At the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, at that time holding the German women's record for the 100 metres,[15] Krauß won the bronze medal in that event with a time of 11.9 s.[16][17] She was one of 3 Olympic medalists that year from Dresdner SC, the others being Rudolf Harbig and Luise Krüger.[18] She was also on the German women's 4 × 100 m relay team that was in the lead but lost due to a dropped baton on the final leg;[19][20][21] in the heats the German team had been faster than the Americans, the eventual winners, and beaten the world record with a time of 46.4 s;[22][23] the American winning time in the final was half a second slower.[24][25][26] As national 100-metre champion, Krauß was the fastest runner on the German team,[27] but had run dead heats with Marie Dollinger.[28]

Postwar[edit]

After World War II, Krauß moved to Landau, where she coached[29] and was active in senior athletics.[30] The local athletics club awards a prize named for her.[31] She died in Mannheim on January 9, 1970.

Controversy[edit]

Along with the gold and silver medalists in the 1936 Olympic women's 100 metre event, Helen Stephens and Stanisława Walasiewicz, Krauß has been suspected of being intersex.[32][33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Egon Meyer-Venecia, Hoffnung aber läßt nichts zu Schanden werden, self-published, Denzlingen, 2003, ISBN 9783833008481, p. 25 (German)
  2. ^ Fritz Steinmetz, 75 Jahre Deutsche Leichtathletik-Meisterschaften 1898–1972, Berlin: Bartels & Wernitz, 1973, ISBN 9783870399566, p. 191 (German)
  3. ^ Leichtathletik - Deutsche Meisterschaften (100m-Damen), Historie, Sport-komplett.de (German), retrieved July 17, 2012.
  4. ^ Steinmetz, p. 192
  5. ^ Steinmetz, p. 196.
  6. ^ Leichtathletik - Deutsche Meisterschaften (200m - Damen), Historie, Sport-komplett.de (German), retrieved July 17, 2012.
  7. ^ Leichtathletik - Deutsche Meisterschaften (Weitsprung - Damen), Historie, Sport-komplett.de (German), retrieved July 17, 2012.
  8. ^ Leichtathletik - Deutsche Meisterschaften (Mehrkampf - Damen), Historie, Sport-komplett.de (German), retrieved July 17, 2012.
  9. ^ Leichtathletik - Deutsche Meisterschaften (Staffeln - Damen - Teil 1), Historie, Sport-komplett.de (German), retrieved July 17, 2012.
  10. ^ Steinmetz, p. 261.
  11. ^ FSFI Women's World Games, GBRAthletics.com, Athletics Weekly, 2005, retrieved July 17, 2012.
  12. ^ Leichtathletik-EM (Damen Teil 1), Historie, Sport-komplett.de (German), retrieved July 17, 2012.
  13. ^ Leichtathletik-EM (Damen Teil 3), Historie, Sport-komplett.de (German), retrieved July 17, 2012.
  14. ^ European Championships (Women), GBRAthletics.com, Athletics Weekly, 2005, retrieved July 17, 2012.
  15. ^ Gudrun Angelis and Marianne Pitzen, eds., Frauen bei Olympia: Kunst - Sport - Wissenschaft; Olympische und Paralympische Spiele 1896–2008; eine Ausstellung im Frauenmuseum vom 17. August bis 9. November 2008, Bonn: Frauenmuseum, 2008, ISBN 9783940482129, p. 112 (German)
  16. ^ Guy Walters, Berlin Games: How Hitler Stole the Olympic Dream, London: Hodder-John Murray, ISBN 978-0-7195-6783-4, p. 211.
  17. ^ Fritz Steinmetz and Dieter Huhn, Erfolge der deutschen Leichtathletik seit 1896: Weltmeisterschaften, Europameisterschaften, Olympische Spiele, Agon Sportverlag-Statistics 8, Kassel: Agon, 1994, ISBN 9783928562386, p. 117 (German)
  18. ^ Auszug aus der Vereinsgeschichte, Dresdner Sportclub 1898 e.V., April 2011, retrieved July 17, 2012 (German)
  19. ^ Bud Greenspan, 100 Greatest Moments in Olympic History, Los Angeles: General Publication Group, 1995, ISBN 9781881649663, p. 33.
  20. ^ Reinhard Rürup, ed., 1936, die Olympischen Spiele und der Nationalsozialismus: eine Dokumentation, Berlin: Argon, 1996, ISBN 9783870243500, p. 144 (German)
  21. ^ Birgit Jochens and Sonja Miltenberger, eds., Zwischen Rebellion und Reform: Frauen in Berliner Westen, Berlin: Jaron, 1999, p. 220 (German)
  22. ^ Walters, pp. 268–69
  23. ^ Report: Games of the Olympiad, New York: United States Olympic Committee, 1936, OCLC 17760969, p. 159.
  24. ^ Duff Hart-Davis, Hitler's Games: The 1936 Olympics, New York: Harper, 1986, ISBN 9780060155544, p. 200.
  25. ^ Louise Mead Tricard, American Women's Track and Field: A History, 1895 through 1980, Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 1996, ISBN 9780786402199, p. 227.
  26. ^ Walters states in error, p. 269, that the American time in the final, 46.9 s, was faster.
  27. ^ Walters, p. 270.
  28. ^ "Frauleins Will Bolster Nazi Team", Lawrence Journal-World, June 17, 1936, p. 6.
  29. ^ August Schimpf, Vereinschronik, Leichtathletik-Club Oberhaardt 1954, Edenkoben (German), retrieved July 17, 2012.
  30. ^ Eberhard Vollmer, "Neuauflage der 'ewigen' Senioren-Bestenliste", Leichtathletik.de, November 30, 2010 (German)
  31. ^ jwe, Leichtathletik: Oleg Zernickel neuer Käthe-Krauß-Preisträger, Leichtathletik, Turnverein 1981 e.V., ASV Landau, (German), retrieved July 17, 2012.
  32. ^ Walters, p. 211, comments on Marie Dollinger telling Elfriede Kaun in 1968, "You know, I was the only woman in that race!": "[I]t is easy to see in photographs why Dollinger should have suspected Krauss of being a man."; photo caption between pages 272 and 273: "The gender of all three women would be subject to many doubts."
  33. ^ Michael Krüger, ed., Olympische Spiele: Bilanz und Perspektiven im 21. Jahrhundert, Sport 1, Münster: Lit, 2001, ISBN 9783825856151, note 97, p. 132 (German)