Gáivuotna–Kåfjord

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Kåfjord, Troms)
Jump to: navigation, search
Kåfjord kommune kommune
Gáivuona suohkan
Kåfjord i Nord-Troms
Municipality
Kåfjord i lyngen
Kåfjord Olderdalen.JPG
Coat of arms of Kåfjord kommune kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Kåfjord kommune kommune
Troms within
Norway
Coordinates: 69°36′14″N 20°31′57″E / 69.60389°N 20.53250°E / 69.60389; 20.53250Coordinates: 69°36′14″N 20°31′57″E / 69.60389°N 20.53250°E / 69.60389; 20.53250
Country Norway
County Troms
District Nord-Troms
Administrative centre Olderdalen
Government
 • Mayor (2003) Bjørn Inge Mo (Ap)
Area
 • Total 991.10 km2 (382.67 sq mi)
 • Land 950.24 km2 (366.89 sq mi)
 • Water 40.86 km2 (15.78 sq mi)
Area rank 106 in Norway
Population (2012)
 • Total 2,210
 • Rank 315 in Norway
 • Density 2.3/km2 (6/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -5.7 %
Demonym Kåfjording[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1940
Official language form Bokmål and Sami
Website www.kafjord.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Gáivuotna (Northern Sami) or Kåfjord (Norwegian), (also Kven: Kaivuono) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Olderdalen. Other villages include Manndalen, Birtavarre, Trollvik, Samuelsberg, Nordmannvik og Djupvik.

General information[edit]

The municipality is dominated by mountains, the fjord branch named Kåfjord and some valleys

The municipality of Kåfjord was established in 1929 when it was separated from the municipality of Lyngen. The initial population of Kåfjord was 2,482. Then on 1 January 1992, the Nordnes area of Lyngen (population: 38) was transferred to Kåfjord.[2]

Name[edit]

Kåfjord is a Norwegianized form of the Sámi name Gáivuotna. The meaning of the first element is unknown and the last element is vuotna which means "fjord".

The name of the municipality was Kåfjord until 2 May 1994, when it was changed to Gáivuotna–Kåfjord[3] It was the fifth municipality in Norway to get a Sami name. In 2005, the name was again changed such that either the Sami Gáivuotna or the Norwegian Kåfjord name can be used.[4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from 1988. It shows a silver spinning wheel on a red background. This was chosen to reflect the crafts and traditions of the local community.[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Gáivuotna–Kåfjord. It is part of the Nord-Troms deanery in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Gáivuotna–Kåfjord
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Kåfjord Kåfjord Church Olderdalen 1949
Birtavarre Chapel Birtavarre 1937

History[edit]

In 1945, the villages of Kåfjord were burned to the ground during the retreat of German forces from Finland and Finnmark. This was as far west as the Wehrmacht used their scorched earth tactics.

Geography[edit]

Kåfjord valley (Kåfjorddalen).

The municipality is situated on the eastern side of the Lyngen fjord, and around its eastern arm, the Kåfjord. The municipal centre is Olderdalen. Other villages include Birtavarre, Kåfjorddalen, Djupvik, Nordmannvik, and Manndalen, where the international indigenous peoples' festival Riddu Riđđu is hosted each year.

On the border with Finland, is the mountain Ráisduattarháldi which has a height of 1,365 m (4,478 ft).

Economy[edit]

Fishing and small-scale farming have been the most important sources of income. Now many people work in education and other public services. The population has declined for many years, but the decline is now less rapid than earlier. A new optimism has arisen among young people, largely due to the increasing cultural activities.

Population[edit]

The minority of the population is of Sami origin. Due to assimilation pressure from the Norwegian State, the language was largely lost in the 20th century. Now efforts are being made to reintroduce the Sami languages, largely concentrated in the village, Manndalen.

Notable residents[edit]

Erik Johnsen (1844–1941), a Laestadian preacher. He received the King's Medal of Merit (Kongens Fortjenstmedalje) in 1938 for his work for the salvation of the soul.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ "Ot.prp. nr. 111 (2001-2002)" (in Norwegian). regjeringen.no. Retrieved 2008-12-02. 
  4. ^ "Endring av skrivemåten for tospråklige kommunenavn" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-12-02. [dead link]
  5. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Gáivuotna/Kåfjord" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  6. ^ Read more about Erik Johnsen

External links[edit]